Usiminas Ipatinga steel plant
|This article is part of the Global Steel Plant Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
The map below shows the location of the steel plant in Ipatinga, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Usiminas (Usinas Siderurgicas de Minas Gerais SA) is Brazil's leading producer of flat steel, with a capacity of 9.5 million tons and access to 2.6 billion tons of iron ore reserves.
The company's Ipatinga plant, founded in April 1956 in what was to become known as the Vale do Aço (Steel Valley), was the first large steel mill in the mineral-rich Brazilian state of Minas Gerais. In October 1962, Brazilian president João Goulart lit the first blast furnace, officially inaugurating commercial operations at the plant.
The Ipatinga plant had an initial steel production capacity of 500 tons per annum, but grew steadily during its first decade of operation, doubling capacity to 1 million tpa by the start of the 1970s and reaching 3.5 million tpa with the inauguration of the plant's third blast furnace in 1973.
The Usiminas Ipatinga plant originally developed as a public-private partnership between the Brazilian federal government, the state government of Minas Gerais, and private Japanese investors. In 2011, the Italian-Argentine conglomerate Techint acquired an ownership stake in Usiminas through its subsidiaries Ternium and Tenaris.
The Usiminas Ipatinga plant is a leading producer of slabs, plates and coiled plates, hot- and cold-rolled sheets and coils, hot-dip and electrolytic galvanized sheets, and other coated sheets and coils. Its products serve customers in the automotive, railroad, highway machinery, shipbuilding, civil construction, agricultural, capital goods, electrical-electronic, white goods (domestic appliances), machinery and energy sectors.
In May 2019, Usiminas announced that it would invest R$1.2 billion to overhaul blast furnace 3, the largest of Ipatinga's furnaces, by 2022.
In April 2020, two of Usiminas Ipatinga's three blast furnaces (the 700,000-tpa blast furnace No. 1 and 600,000-tpa blast furnace No. 2) were shut down indefinitely in response to the suspension of Brazil's automotive industry due to Covid-19. With automakers accounting for more than a third of the demand for Brazilian steel, analysts were reportedly anticipating a 50% dropoff in sales from the Ipatinga plant in the second quarter of 2020. Blast furnace No. 1 resumed operations in late August 2020, while the 2.2 million-tpa blast furnace No. 3 remained operational throughout the pandemic.
- Private/State ownership: private
- Parent company: Techint Group (Ternium/Tenaris) Group 39.57%, Nippon Group 32.40%, Usiminas Pension Fund 4.84%, Others 23.19%
- Owner: Usinas Siderúrgicas de Minas Gerais S.A. (USIMINAS)
- Alternative plant names: Usina Siderúrgica Intendente Câmara
- Other language plant name: Usina Siderúrgica Usiminas Ipatinga (Portuguese)
- Location: Av. Pedro Linhares Gomes, 5431 - Usiminas, Ipatinga, Minas Gerais, 35160-900, Brazil
- GPS Coordinates: -19.491277, -42.544253 (exact)
- Plant status: operating
- Start year: 1962 (age 58–59)
- Production capacities (thousand tonnes per annum):
- Production (thousand tonnes per annum):
- Crude steel: 3264 (BF-BOF, 2019)
- Steel product category: flat
- Steel products: slabs, plates and coiled plates, hot- and cold-rolled sheets and coils, hot-dip and electrolytic galvanized sheets, other coated sheets and coils
- Steel sector end users: automotive, railroad, highway machinery, shipbuilding, civil construction, agricultural, capital goods, electrical-electronic, white goods (domestic appliances), machinery, energy
- Steelmaking process: integrated
- Primary steel production equipment: 3 blast furnaces (BF): BF #1 (1962), BF #2 (1971), BF #3 (1974, refurbished 1999); 5 basic oxygen furnaces (BOF): Plant 1 (3 BOF (1963, 1981)), Plant 2 (2 BOF (1975)); 3 coking plants; 3 sinter plants 
Articles and resources
- "Overview". Usiminas. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
- "Techint Group companies expand their activities in Brazil". Techint Engineering & Construction. November 2011.
- "O nascimento de um gigante". Diário do Aço. October 25, 2016.
- "Usiminas: Reinventando su propia historia" (PDF). Alacero. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
- "Pocket Yearbook 2020: A Siderurgia em Números" (PDF). Instituto Aço Brasil. 2020.
- "Production". Usiminas. Retrieved July 29, 2020.
- "Usiminas usará caixa próprio em reforma de R$1,2 bi de alto forno em MG". Reuters. May 27, 2019.
- "Parada de dois altos-fornos mostra Usiminas pessimista com retomada do consumo, dizem analistas". Valor Econômico. April 4, 2020.
- "Usiminas retoma operações do alto-forno 1 em Ipatinga". Usiminas. August 26, 2020.
- "Principais Acionistas". Usiminas. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
- "North, Central and South America | Manufacturing Bases". Nippon Steel. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
- "USGS Minerals Yearbook: Brazil" (PDF). USGS. 2015.
- "Usiminas reativa alto forno em Minas Gerais para atender crescimento de demanda por aço". Reuters. April 17, 2018.
- "2020 AIST Basic Oxygen Furnace Roundup". AIST (Association for Iron & Steel Technology). Retrieved 2020-09-14.
- "Usiminas pode ampliar em vez de construir". O Tempo: Economia. April 25, 2013.
- "Usiminas fecha acordo com chineses para coqueria em Ipatinga-MG". CNMCUT. July 18, 2007.
This page uses material from the Wikipedia page Usiminas under the provisions of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.