Trans-Korea Oil Pipeline
|This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
Trans Korea Oil Pipeline is an oil pipeline in South Korea.
The pipeline runs from Songnam to Suwon and Osan Air Bases and storage tanks at Pyongtaek.
- Operator: Deahan Oil Pipeline Corporation (DOPCO)
- Current capacity: 15,000 barrels per day
- Proposed capacity:
- Length: 76 kilometers / 47 miles
- Status: Operating
- Start Year: 1970
The Trans Korea Pipeline (TKP) is a north-south petroleum pipeline in the Republic of Korea. Since 1970 the pipeline was used to transport petroleum products for United States Forces Korea (USFK) and South Korea's oil refiners. The USFK originally owned the TKP and in 1992 it was transferred to the Korean Ministry of National Defense.
In 1999, the pipeline operation was consigned to the Deahan Oil Pipeline Corporation (DOPCO). The original pipe was 458 km from the southern port city of Pohang to Euijeongbu near the Demilitarized Zone. In accordance with an agreement with the USFK, South Korea's Defense Ministry decided to dismantle 79% of the pipeline (358 km). In 2014 it was reported that the USFK was being supplied by a remaining 76-km section of the pipeline.
In 2004 an agreement was reached where the USFK will obtain fuel from the commercial South-North Pipeline (SNP), using only portions of the TKP from the commercial terminal at Songnam to Suwon and Osan Air Bases and storage tanks at Pyongtaek.
Spills and environmental contamination
According to a land survey of the areas surrounding the portions of the pipeline planned to be dismantled and conducted between September 2006 and June 2008, 10 out of 23 sites (72,004 square meters out of 642,191 square meters) were severely contaminated with pollution exceeding Ministry of Environment standards. The cost at cleaning up the sites was estimated at 100 billion won (US$96.4 million). The survey was only released after Hankyoreh and the Green Korea, an environmental organization, requested its release from the Defense Ministry and local governments. The agreement between USFK and the Korean government stipulates that the latter is responsible for the associated pipeline clean-up costs.
In May 2014, the South Korean Supreme Court upheld a lower court decision preventing the South Korean government from recuperating the 50 billion won in costs it spent cleaning up contamination from two former pipeline managers at state-run Daehan Oil Pipeline Corp. and SK Holdings.
Articles and resources
- Trans Korea Pipeline, Wikipedia, accessed September 2017
- Total Energy Solutions: Fact Book FY 2002, Twenty-Fifth Edition, Defense Energy Support Center, 2002
- S. Korea to remove underwater USFK oil pipeline, The Korea Times, May 12, 2014
- None held responsible for oil pipeline leakage, The Korea Times, 27 May 2014
- Trans Korea Pipeline wreaks havoc on the environment, The Hankyoreh, 14 Aug. 2008
Related GEM.wiki articles
Wikipedia also has an article on Trans Korea Pipeline (Trans Korea Pipeline). This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License].