Aqaba Jordan LNG Terminal

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.
Sub-articles:

Aqaba Jordan LNG Terminal is Floating Storage Regasification Unit (FSRU) in Aqaba, Jordan.

Location

The satellite photo below shows the location of the FSRU in Aqaba, Jordan.

Loading map...

Project Details

  • Parent: Aqaba Development Corporation
  • Location: Aqaba Port, Aqaba, Jordan
  • Coordinates: 29.3752527, 34.9635687 (exact)
  • Capacity: 3.8 mtpa[1]
  • Status: Operating
  • Type: Import
  • Start Year: 2015

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day

Background

Aqaba Jordan LNG Terminal is a Floating Storage Regasification Unit in Aqaba, Jordan.[2] The Aqaba Development Corporation began operating the facility in June 2015.[3]

In 2016 Aqaba LNG met 82% of Jordan’s electrical generation capacity.[4]

Middle East and LNG imports

Jordon is not the only country rich with gas reserves in the Middle East to import gas. Countries in one the most gas rich regions import LNG by tanker. They include Mina Al-Ahmadi LNG Terminal in Kuwait in 2009, Jebel Ali FLNG Terminal in Dubai in 2010, Hadera LNG Terminal in Israel in 2013, Jordan through Aqaba Jordan LNG Terminal in 2015, Ruwais LNG Terminal in Abu Dhabi in 2016. The city of Sharjah in the United Arab Emirates plan to import LNG in 2018. Bahrain plans to import LNG through its Bahrain Hidd FLNG Terminal in 2019. It was reported in 2017 that even Saudi Arabia is considering LNG imports.[5]

Jordan Israel Gas Relationship

Beginning in 2011 the US had applied pressure on Jordan to import gas from Israel. In 2015 a US State Department representative in a speech urged Israel and Jordon to resolve differences so both parties could sign a deal for Jordan to import gas from Israel.[4]

February 20, 2015 activists in Denver, London and South Africa rallied against the Israel/Jordan gas deal.[6] In January 2020 hundreds of pro-Palestinian Jordanians protested against the terminal and a deal to send US$10 billion in gas from Israel to Jordan on the grounds that it undermined Jordanian and Palestinian sovereignty.[7]

Aqaba Jordan and Egypt

By 2013, Egypt’s gas shortage had become severe enough to prompt building an LNG import facility on the Red Sea. At the same time, Navigant was assisting Jordan in building the Aqaba LNG import terminal to replace the now absent Egyptian gas supplies.[8]

Because of a demand shortfall in oil and natural gas production, Egypt has been importing crude and LNG from several countries.[9]

The country of Jordan signed a deal to allow Egypt to import additional LNG cargoes from international markets through the Aqaba Jordan LNG Terminal, to be delivered to Egypt using the now reversed pipeline across the Sinai.[9]

The LNG Industry reported in August 2017 that possibly two more Egyptian LNG import facilities are being considered.[8]

Articles and resources

References

  1. 2019 World Gas Report International Gas Union, accessed August 2019
  2. Aqaba Jordan LNG Terminal, A Barrel Full, accessed April 2017
  3. [1] BAM International, accessed August 2017
  4. 4.0 4.1 Hisham Bustani, "Importing Israeli gas: Jordan’s self-harming energy choice," Middle East Eye, September 30, 2016.
  5. Robin M. Mills, "The great gasification wave has passed," LiveMint, August 17, 2017.
  6. Juman Asmail , "The 15 billion dollar deal that will make or break Israel’s regional hegemony," Mondoweiss, February 23, 2015.
  7. Jordanians voice concerns over imports of Israeli gas, Al Jazeera, Jan. 30, 2020
  8. 8.0 8.1 Joseph Green, "A change of course," LNG Industry, February 9, 2017.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Egypt Today staff, "Jordan exports over half million cubic feet of LNG to Egypt," Egypt Today, August 3, 2017.

Related SourceWatch articles

External resources

External articles