ArcelorMittal Temirtau steel plant

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ArcelorMittal Temirtau steel plant (АрселорМиттал Темиртау), also known as Karaganda Steel Works, is a 6000 TTPA blast furnace-basic oxygen furnace (BF-BOF) plant operating in Temirtau, Kazakhstan. ArcelorMittal Temirtau steel plant operates a blast furnace (BF), a basic oxygen furnace (BOF), a sinter plant, and a coking plant.[1]

Location

The map below shows the location of the plant in Temirtau, Kazakhstan.

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Background

The ArcelorMittal Temirtau complex includes eight coal mines and one of the world's largest integrated steel plants.[2]

Environmental Record

Public Health Impact

Temirtau is one of the most polluted cities in Kazakhstan.[2] Temirtau is the second most polluted city in Kazakhstan. The closest house to the ArcelorMittal Temirtau complexis 500 meters away.[3]

In 2012, Ayman Mussina, MD, Professor, Chief Scientific Secretary of the National Center for Occupational Health, commented on the youth population in Temirtau and the nearby village of Chkalovo:

"The index of physical development of the boys is behind age norms. The sexual development level of one third of surveyed girls is below normal. The study of the brain development of adolescents shows the signs of stress. In adults – symptoms of chronic fatigue and depression were observed. Accelerated pace of aging, especially in women."[3]

Worker Safety Record

More than one hundred miners have died in accidents at the ArcelorMittal Temirtau mining complex between 2004-2010.[2]

Black Snow

In January 2018, multiple sources reported the event of "black snow" falling on Temirtau.[4][5][6][7] Residents of Termitau and the Karaganda region collected signatures to petition Aliya Nazarbayeva, the youngest daughter of President Nursultan Nazarbayev and the head of the Association of Ecological Organisations of Kazakhstan to investigate and fine ArcelorMittal Temirtau.[5] In December 2017, ArcelorMittal Termitau acknowledged the possible relationship between pollution from the plant and the black snow, stating that "emissions do not dissipate and this most likely caused the change of the snow's colour".[5] However, ArcelorMittal Temirtau later stated that "the metallurgical plant is only one of many factors that affect the environment of the region."[7] ArcelorMittal Temirtau also blamed the the number of cars and houses heated by stoves as sources of pollution.[7]

In June 2018, ArcelorMittal Temirtau was fined more than 14.5 million tenge (36,000 USD) for excess pollution, although it is unclear that this resulted directly from the "black snow" event.[8] In July 2018, a major newspaper of Kazakhstan, the Kazakh Telegraph Agency (KazTAG), reported that the ecology department of the Karaganda region conducted an unplanned check of ArcelorMittal Temirtau and "revealed numerous violations of nature protection requirements."[9] As a result, the ecology department of the Karaganda region asked the courts to charge ArcelorMittal Temirtau 1.3 billion tenge (3.2 million USD) in environmental fines.[9]

Environmental Fines and Investments

From 1997-2006, ArcelorMittal completed a project, which included the implementation of three Environmental Action Plans, supported by a 250 million USD loan from the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) and International Finance Corporation (IFC). The CEE Bankwatch Network reports that there is no evidence that the completion of these projects improved the environmental situation at ArcelorMittal Temirtau.[2]

In 2007, the EBRD provided an additional 100 million USD loan to ArcelorMittal Temirtau to improve health and safety practices at their mining complex.[2]

In 2010, the Karaganda Regional Prosecutor's Office fined ArcelorMittal Temirtau for excess air pollution and for having no documentation of the environmental impacts of ArcelorMittal Temirtau's operations.[2]

In 2019, ArcelorMittal Temirtau was fined 350 USD for contamination of the Samarkand water reservoir and 2,300 USD for a smouldering fire on their rock waste dump. In 2019, ArcelorMittal Temirtau was also fined 54,000 USD and 631,000 USD for environmental problems associated with their coal operations.[10]

Plant Details

Articles and resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 ArcelorMittal Temirtau JSC (Main page, Russian), ArcelorMittal, Retrieved on: Jun. 22, 2020
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 ArcelorMittal Temirtau, Kazakhstan, CEE Bankwatch Network, Retrieved on: Jun. 22, 2020
  3. 3.0 3.1 Temirtau: town where colored snow falls, Arnika, Jul. 18, 2014, Retrieved on: Jun. 22, 2020
  4. 'Black snow' blankets Kazakhstan city believed to be polluted, Allen Cone, UPI, Jan. 11, 2018, Retrieved on: Jun. 22, 2020
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Black snow troubles pollution-weary Kazakhs in Temirtau, Abdujalil Abdurasulov, BBC News, Jan. 11, 2018, Retrieved on: Jun. 22, 2020
  6. Kazakhstan: Investigators drop blackmail probe against mining exec, Eurasianet, Feb. 1, 2019, Retrieved on: Jun. 22, 2020
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Stoves and cars could affect the color of snow in the city - ArcelorMittal Temirtau (Russian), Adela Vasilyeva, Today KZ, Sep. 1, 2018, Retrieved on: Jun. 22, 2018
  8. ArcelorMittal Temirtau has been fined for more than KZT14.5 million for emission of pollutants, Kazakh Telegraph Agency (KazTAG), Jun. 12, 2018, Retrieved on: Jun. 22, 2020
  9. 9.0 9.1 AMT may be fined over 1.3 bn tenge for environment pollution in Kyzylorda region, Kazakh Telegraph Agency (KazTAG), Jul. 19, 2018, Retrieved on: Jun. 22, 2020
  10. 10.0 10.1 ArcelorMittal Temirtau continues to implement its $198m environmental investment plan, ArcelorMittal, Retrieved on: Jun. 22, 2020
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 ArcelorMittal in Kazakhstan, ArcelorMittal, Retrieved on: Jun. 22, 2020
  12. 12.0 12.1 "Наша история (Our history)". Arcelormittal.kz. Retrieved Feb 3, 2022.
  13. 13.0 13.1 ""АрселорМиталл Темиртау" исполняется 60 лет". Metalinfo.ru. Feb 7, 2020. Retrieved Feb 3, 2022.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 Fact Book 2018, ArcelorMittal, 2019
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 Steel Department, ArcelorMittal, Retrieved on: Jun. 22, 2020
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 "Annual Report 2020" (PDF). Corporate-media.arcelormittal.ru. Retrieved Feb 3, 2022.
  17. "Новости. Достоверные данные из первых уст. (News)". Arcelormittal.kz. Oct 25, 2014. Retrieved Feb 3, 2022.
  18. Iron Ore Department (Orken LLP), ArcelorMittal, Retrieved on: Jun. 22, 2020
  19. Coal Department, ArcelorMittal, Retrieved on: Jun. 22, 2020

Other resources