Bolu Göynük power station

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Bolu Göynük power station is an operating power station of at least 270-megawatts (MW) in Göynük, Bolu, Türkiye. It is also known as Aksa Göynük power station.


Table 1: Project-level location details

Plant name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Bolu Göynük power station Göynük, Göynük, Bolu, Türkiye 40.2514, 30.8129 (exact)

The map below shows the exact location of the power station.

Loading map...

Unit-level coordinates (WGS 84):

  • Unit 1, Unit 2: 40.2514, 30.8129

Project Details

Table 2: Unit-level details

Unit name Status Fuel(s) Capacity (MW) Technology Start year Retired year
Unit 1 operating coal - lignite 135 subcritical 2015
Unit 2 operating coal - lignite 135 subcritical 2015

Table 3: Unit-level ownership and operator details

Unit name Owner
Unit 1 Aksa Enerji Uretim AŞ [100.0%]
Unit 2 Aksa Enerji Uretim AŞ [100.0%]

Project-level coal details

  • Coal source(s): Bolu Göynük coal mine


The two-unit, 270-MW, $320-million Bolu Göynük power station was built by Aksa Enerji, Turkey’s biggest non-government power producer. Construction on the plant began in July 2012.[1][2]

In its 2012 activity report, Aksa Energy stated that it has an agreement with the General Directorate of Turkish Coal to source coal for the plant from a mine in the Bolu-Goynuk coalfield, and that the plant was going to be operational in 2014-2015.[3] The project was Turkey's first power plant with fluidized bed boiler technology and a wet flue gas treatment system.[4]

The first 135 MW unit of the station started operations in July 2015, and the second 135 MW unit in January 2016.[5]

In 2021, the plant received a "zero waste" certification from the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization.[5]

Aksa Enerji has stated in its 2020 activity report that local residents are prioritized for employment in the plant.[5]

In September 2021, Aksa Enerji announced that they would be building a 35 MW hybrid solar power station at the Bolu Göynük coal power plant site. The project will be implemented using an investment of 177.47 million TL ($10.63 million USD).[6] As of September 2022, the environmental impact assessment for the solar project had been submitted, and a meeting on the topic was slated for December 2022.[7]


In December 2012, a financing agreement for the project was closed. US$240 million in loans was provided by Garanti Bank and Isbankasi.[1][8] US$80 million in equity was provided by Aksa Group.[8]


In 2017, Önder Algedik published a “Coal and Climate Change 2017 report,” which discussed how coal plants, like the Bolu Göynük power plant, may cause “more irreparable damages” to Turkey in the future.[9]

Multiple Turkish cities and towns had made applications for information about coal plant projects and their environmental impact, including the Bolu Göynük plant.[10]

On December 24, 2019, the Munzur Environmental Culture and Solidarity Association posted to express concern over the production of coal plants in Turkey, including the Bolu Göynük plant. The concern was primarily over how “the country does not need the power plants to produce more” energy or electricity.[11]

In February 2019, the Air Pollution & Climate Secretariat (AirClim) published a report by Fredrik Lundberg, an energy policy specialist in Sweden. He urged for the stop of production of coal power plants, including the Bolu Göynük plant.[12]

Articles and Resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Aksa Builds $319 Million Coal-Fired Plant With Bank Loans" Bloomberg, July 13, 2012.
  2. Aksa Bolu Göynük Termik Santrali Temel Atma Töreni, Aksa Enerji press release, July 13, 2012.
  3. Aksa Energy, "Aksa Enerji 2012 Faaliyet Raporu", Aksa,page 43.
  4. "ENERJİ SANTRALLERİ", Aksa Enerji, accessed June 30, 2022.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Aksa Energy, "Aksa Enerji 2020 Faaliyet Raporu", Aksa
  6. "Aksa Enerji kömür santralinde hibrit GES kuracak", Yeşil Ekonomi, September 29, 2021.
  7. "Enerjinin merkezi Göynük olacak", Bolu Gundem, September 27, 2022.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Preview of Aksa Bolu Goynuk Thermal Power Plant (270MW) | Transaction | IJGlobal". Retrieved 2020-12-15.
  9. “Coal and Climate Change 2017 Report”, Önder Algedik, Translated by Google, December 9, 2017.
  10. “Response to 56 Applications to Obtain Information from MoEU”, Ecology Collective, Translated by Google, April 9, 2018.
  11. “Facebook Post”, Munzur Environmental Culture and Solidarity Association, Translated by Google, December 24, 2019.
  12. “Phasing out coal in Europe by 2025”, AirClim, Feburary 2019.

Additional data

To access additional data, including an interactive map of coal-fired power stations, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Plant Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.