Caledonia Clean Energy Project

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Caledonia Clean Energy Project is a cancelled power station in Grangemouth, Firth of Forth, Scotland, United Kingdom. It is also known as Grangemouth, Captain Clean Energy Project.


Table 1: Project-level location details

Plant name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Caledonia Clean Energy Project Grangemouth, Firth of Forth, Scotland, United Kingdom 56.012083, -3.697175 (approximate)

The map below shows the approximate location of the power station.

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Project Details

Table 2: Unit-level details

Unit name Status Fuel(s) Capacity (MW) Technology Start year Retired year
Unit 1 cancelled coal - bituminous 570 integrated gasification combined cycle 2017

Table 3: Unit-level ownership and operator details

Unit name Owner
Unit 1 Summit Power Group [100.0%]


  • Source of financing: UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (UK's carbon capture and storage commercialization program), possibly the Ex-Im Bank of China


The project of unspecified size was proposed by Summit Power Group in a bid for funding as a demonstration Carbon Capture and Storage project.

In March 2012 the Summit Power Group from the US announced that it had entered into an agreement with National Grid and Petrofac to seek funding from the UK government’s Carbon Capture & Storage Delivery Competition. The company announced few details of the project other than that it was proposing to build a "commercial-scale" coal-fired plant to produce electricity and hydrogen for commercial customers with the captured carbon dioxide "transported via pipeline to St. Fergus by National Grid Carbon and then transferred offshore for geological sequestration deep under the North Sea by Petrofac subsidiary, CO2DeepStore."[1]

The project is one of four projects that had been short listed for the UK Governments GBP 1 billion CCS competition. In March 2013 Captain Clean Energy Project was not chosen as one of the final 2 and has been placed on the reserve list. The project may be called to participate in the next stage of the competition if one or both of the preferred bidders fails. The project also applied for a NER300 grant but was unsuccessful in being awarded any money. [2]

At a July 2014 meeting with UK Secretary of State Ed Davey in Beijing, the Ex-Im Bank of China said it would provide project debt for Captain Clean, according to a November 2014 report by the group EG3. No details are given.[3]

In March 2015 the UK and Scottish Governments gave £4.2 million in-principle funding for research and feasibility studies on the project. According to the CCS Association: "Even if these investigations are successful, the Grangemouth project will not be operational until 2021 at the earliest."[4]

In May 2016 Summit Power said its technical assessments of the project were planned to be "largely complete by Q3 2016" and that "commercial analysis ongoing – new approaches required by industry and government."[5]

According to the Global CCS Institute, interim feasibility findings have been presented to the UK and Scottish Governments, with the final report expected in mid-2017, following definition of UK CCS policy.[6]

Project to be fueled by natural gas

According to an October 2017 press release by the Carbon Capture and Storage Association, the Caledonia Clean Energy Project will be fueled by natural gas, not coal: "Summit Power is developing the Caledonia Clean Energy Project (CCEP), an electricity generating station of up to 1GW located near Grangemouth, central Scotland. The project would use a natural gas feedstock with integrated carbon capture, and has the potential to also co-produce clean hydrogen for modern heat and transport applications."[7]

Citzens Groups Campaigning on the project

Articles and Resources


  1. Summit Power Group, "Summit Power, National Grid and Petrofac Team Up on DECC Carbon-Capture Programme in UK", Media Release, March 20, 2012.
  2. "Captain Clean Energy Project (formerly Caledonia Energy Project," Global CCS Institute, accessed July 2014
  3. Chris Littlecott, "Export Credit Agencies: Carbon capture and storage, coal and policy implications," E3G report, 18 November 2014
  4. "UK awards £4.2m for CCS research at Grangemouth," Carbon Capture Journal, Mar 27 2015
  5. Alan Simpson, [ "Caledonia Clean Energy Project: Developing our Energy Future, All Energy Presentation, May 2016
  6. "Caledonia Clean Energy Project," Global CCS Institute 15 September 2016
  7. "Clean Air, Clean Industry, Clean Growth: How Carbon Capture Will Boost the UK Economy," Carbon Capture and Storage Association Press Release (PDF), Oct 5, 2017

Additional data

To access additional data, including an interactive map of coal-fired power stations, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Plant Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.