Cedar FLNG Terminal

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This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

Cedar FLNG Terminal is a proposed floating LNG terminal in British Columbia, Canada.


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Project Details

  • Owner: Cedar LNG Partners LP[1]
  • Parents: Haisla Nation (50%), Pembina Pipeline Corp (50%)[2]
  • Location: Kitimat, British Columbia, Canada
  • Coordinates: 54, -128.7 (approximate)
  • Capacity: 3 mtpa, 0.43 bcfd[3]
  • Status: Proposed, pre-FID (2023)[4]
  • Cost: C$3 billion (US$2.4 billion)[2]
  • Type: Export
  • Start Year: 2029[5]

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day


Cedar FLNG Terminal is a proposed LNG terminal in British Columbia, Canada.[6]

Backed by the Haisla Nation, the still-speculative Cedar FLNG project would build several floating LNG plants at Bish Cove on the northern Douglas Channel, close to Kitimaat Village. The project backers have submitted applications for three LNG terminals at this location: Cedar 1, Cedar 2, and Cedar 3. The NEB granted an export license for 6.4 million metric tons per year from Cedar 1, but deemed the export license applications for Cedar 2 and Cedar 3 incomplete. Project backers have not settled on a pipeline route to supply the project but say they have entered the “advanced stages of negotiating and drafting definitive agreements with the major gas producers and pipeline transmission companies.” If the project does not pan out, the Haisla will still have some stake in LNG development through their benefits agreement with the backers of Kitimat LNG, according to the 2018 report, "Update: Mapping BC’s LNG Proposals."[7]

In May of 2018, Cedar LNG Export Development Inc. filed three applications for LNG export licenses, suggesting that the project is still underway.[8]

A detailed project document published in December 2019 confirms the promoter's intentions to receive gas supplies from the under construction Coastal GasLink Pipeline: "Subject to the negotiation of certain agreements, Cedar intends to receive feed gas from the Coastal GasLink pipeline at a meter station within the vicinity of Kitimat. Natural gas will be delivered to the Cedar LNG Project Area by a 20-inch diameter, approximately 8 km long pipeline."[9]

In January 2020, the British Columbia (BC) environmental agency took over project oversight. The federal counterpart, the national Impact Assessment Agency of Canada (IAAC), stepped aside. The switch includes a strengthened native say in the project, from setting application requirements to establishing approval conditions. Federal officials maintain the right to participate in the case, and the national environment minister must approve the project. The increased native role in decision making obeys the IAAC’s mandate and BC's legislation that adopts principles of the United Nations Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP).[10]

In June 2021, the Canadian company Pembina Pipeline Corp. agreed to buy a 50% stake and to partner with the Haisla Nation on the proposed Cedar LNG project. Pembina will become the operator of the project, which has secured its LNG export license and is undergoing environmental assessments by the provincial and federal governments. A final investment decision (FID) on the facility is planned in 2023, and it's projected the floating terminal could begin operating in 2027.[2]

Following an application by the Haisla Nation and Pembina in April 2022 for a four-year Canadian export license extension, in September 2022 the Canada Energy Regulator approved the application and reset the license deadline for starting deliveries at the floating terminal to May 2030. With a formal public comment stage on the project conducted by the British Columbia Environmental Assessment Office concluded over the summer, and the promoters also acknowledging difficulties in advancing the project beyond the proposal stage, the projected start date would now appear to be delayed until 2029 at the earliest.[5]

Articles and resources


  1. Cedar LNG Project. Government of Canada. Accessed May 2022.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Julie Gordon, Pembina Pipeline to buy 50% stake in Canada's proposed Cedar LNG, Reuters, Jun. 8, 2021
  3. Cedar LNG Project – Canadian energy produced cleanly, responsibly and efficiently, Cedar LNG Project Update – Spring 2021
  4. The LNG Industry: GIIGNL Annual Report. GIIGNL. May 2022.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Gordon Jaremko, Cedar LNG Granted Extension to Build BC Terminal by Canada Regulators, Natural Gas Intelligence, Sep. 1, 2022
  6. Cedar LNG Terminal, Company, accessed April 2017
  7. "Update: Mapping BC's LNG Proposals", Sightline Institute, January 2018
  8. Brent Jang, Texas-based company seeks B.C. LNG export licence, The Globe and Mail, May 12, 2018
  9. Detailed Project Description: Cedar LNG Project Liquefaction and Export Terminal, Cedar LNG, Dec. 6, 2019
  10. Gordon Jaremko, BC's Native-Owned Cedar LNG to Include Bigger Role for Native Oversight, Natural Gas Intelligence, Jan. 28, 2020

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