Raikheda power station

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Raikheda power station is an operating power station of at least 1370-megawatts (MW) in Raikheda, Tilda, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India with multiple units, some of which are not currently operating.


Table 1: Project-level location details

Plant name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Raikheda power station Raikheda, Tilda, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India 21.449918, 81.852474 (exact)

The map below shows the exact location of the power station.

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Unit-level coordinates (WGS 84):

  • Unit 1, Unit 2, Unit 3, Unit 4: 21.449918, 81.852474

Project Details

Table 2: Unit-level details

Unit name Status Fuel(s) Capacity (MW) Technology Start year Retired year
Unit 1 operating coal - bituminous 685 supercritical 2015
Unit 2 operating coal - bituminous 685 supercritical 2016
Unit 3 pre-permit[1] coal - unknown 800 ultra-supercritical
Unit 4 pre-permit[1] coal - unknown 800 ultra-supercritical

Table 3: Unit-level ownership and operator details

Unit name Owner
Unit 1 Raipur Energen [100.0%]
Unit 2 Raipur Energen [100.0%]
Unit 3 Raipur Energen [100.0%]
Unit 4 Raipur Energen [100.0%]

Project-level coal details

  • Permit(s): May 9, 2011 – Environmental Clearance, Terms of Reference: 2023-09-10[1]


In February 2010, it was reported that sponsor GMR Group would begin construction on the station in the following months,[2] with the two units commissioned within 45 months and 50 months respectively, around 2014.[3][4]

The first unit was synchronized in October 2014,[5] and commissioned in February 2016. Unit 2 was commissioned in March 2016.[6][7]

On 3 August 2019, Adani Power Limited took over control of the power plant from GMR Chhattisgarh Energy Ltd.[8][9]

Banks withhold funds

According to a June 2012 report, although the project had received all its approvals, banks were withholding funds from the project:[10]

"Also interesting is the case of GMR group’s Chhattisgarh energy project with two units of 685 mw each based on imported coal. As per the power ministry’s note to the finance ministry, this is one project where no clearances are pending. Still banks and financial institutions are to begin disbursement of debt funds for the project."

Proposed expansion: 2 x 800 MW

In the July 2023 minutes of the MOEF's meeting agenda, it was reported that Adani Power had applied for fresh Terms of Reference (ToR) for a proposed 2 x 800 MW expansion to the power station.[11]

The July 2023 Adani submission summarized the project as follows: "APL, Raipur owns and operates 1370 MW (2x685 MW) Coal based super critical thermal power plant situated at village Raikheda, Gaitara, Chicholi, Block - Tilda, District Raipur in Chhattisgarh. The anticipated demand for electricity in the country as well as Chhattisgarh State and the location of the project being close to coal fields, the company proposes to undertake expansion of the existing plant by addition of 2 units of 800 MW each translating to a capacity addition of 1600 MW. The total capacity of Raipur Thermal Power Plant after expansion will be 2970 MW."[12]

It its August 2023 Meeting Minutes, the MOEF's Expert Appraisal Committee recommended Terms of Reference (ToR) for the 2 x 800 MW expansion project.[13] The proposal received ToR in September 2023.[14]


Nearly a hundred farmers rallied in March 2009 to protest land acquisitions for the GMR Energy project. Protest leader Ganguram Baghel told reporters, "Today's rally is to remind the company to recall its agents from Raikheda who are making false promises to the farmers. We do not want the plant as it will only raise the pollution levels in Raikheda that already has over a dozen sponge iron units. We will oppose the project till our last breath because it is an issue concerning our survival. Hundreds of Raikheda residents and from adjoining villages have skin cancer due to industrial pollution and the number of patients is going up every month."[15]

Articles and Resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 (PDF) https://web.archive.org/web/20240125124716/https://parivesh.nic.in/certificates/Adani_Power_Ltd./5/6538386/specific_tor_IA_CG_THE_435583_2023_6538387_-signed.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 January 2024. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. "GMR Chhattisgarh Power Project," GMR Energy, accessed February 2012
  3. GMR Group, "GMR Chhattisgarh Power Project", GMR Group website, accessed November 2011.
  4. "Work to begin by March on GMR's Chhattisgarh project," ConstructionUpdate.com, February 2010
  5. "GMR operationalises first unit of Chhattisgarh supercritical thermal power plant," Live Mint, Oct 7, 2014
  6. "Monthly Report on Broad Status of Thermal Power Projects in the Country," India CEA, November 2015
  7. "Monthly Report on Broad Status of Thermal Power Projects in the Country," India CEA, July 2016
  8. "Adani Power completes acquisition of GMR Chhattisgarh Energy". livemint.com. Retrieved 2019-09-07.
  9. "Adani Continues to Grab Power Sector, Gets 2 More Thermal Power Plants". NewsClick. Retrieved 2019-09-07.
  10. KA Badarinath, "Banks holding back lending to power ventures," Financial Chronicle, June 13, 2012
  11. AGENDA FOR 44TH MEETING OF THE RE-CONSTITUTED EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (EAC) (THERMAL POWER PROJECTS) TO BE HELD ON 20TH JULY, 2023 Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India, July 20, 2023
  12. Proposal IA/CG/THE/435583/2023, Parivesh, posted July 7, 2023 (cover letter dated July 4, 2023)
  13. Minutes of 44TH MEETING OF Expert Appraisal Committee meeting Thermal Projects held from 20/07/2023 to 20/07/2023 Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India, Aug. 8, 2023
  14. "Terms of Reference," India Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, September 10, 2023
  15. "Chhattisgarh farmers protest Rs.55-bn power project," Circles.net, 9 March 2009

Additional data

To access additional data, including an interactive map of coal-fired power stations, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Plant Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.