Grand River Energy Center

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Grand River Energy Center, also known as the GREC, is a 1,194.3-megawatt (MW) coal and gas-fired power station owned and operated by the Grand River Dam Authority (GRDA) near Chouteau, Oklahoma.

Location

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Plant Data

  • Owner: Grand River Dam Authority
  • Parent Company: State of Oklahoma
  • Gross generating capacity (operating): 1,194.3 MW
    • Unit 2: coal, 594.0 MW (start-up in 1985)[1]
    • Unit CT03: natural gas[1] combined cycle[1] 600 MW[1] (start-up in 2017)[1]
  • Gross generating capacity (retired): 540 MW
    • Unit 1: natural gas[1] steam turbine[1] 540.0 MW[1] (start-up in 2017, retired in 2020)[1]
    • Unit 1: coal[1] steam turbine[1] 540.0 MW[1] (start-up in 1981, retired in 2017)[1]
  • Location: Highway 412, Chouteau, Mayes County, OK 74337
  • GPS Coordinates: 36.189837, -95.288927
  • Technology: Subcritical
  • Coal type: Sub Bituminous
  • Coal Consumption:
  • Coal Source: Rawhide Mine (Peabody)[2]
  • Number of Employees:
  • Unit Conversions: Unit 1 converted to natural gas in 2017.[3]
  • Unit Retirements: Unit 1 retired in 2020.[1]

Coal to Natural Gas

GRDA started construction of a new 495MW combined cycle gas turbine unit at the site in January 2015 at an estimated cost of $296 million. The new gas unit is expected to start operations in March 2017, at which time unit 1 will retire. Unit two will be retrofitted to control emissions in accordance with EPA standards by 2016.[4]

In April 2017, the US DOE allowed Unit 1 of Grand River Energy Center to keep running until unit 3 was brought online "to ensure grid reliability", as unit 2 was offline for repairs.[5][6][7][8]

Due to delays in building Unit 3 and a fire which severely damaged and incapacitated Unit 2, GRDA officials did not take unit 1 offline until late 2018. In August 2019, GRDA voted to decommission the unit.[9]

Emissions Data

  • 2006 CO2 Emissions: 7,625,549 tons
  • 2006 SO2 Emissions: 16,801 tons
  • 2006 SO2 Emissions per MWh:
  • 2006 NOx Emissions: 14,783 tons
  • 2005 Mercury Emissions: 355 lb.

Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from Chouteau Plant

In 2010, Abt Associates issued a study commissioned by the Clean Air Task Force, a nonprofit research and advocacy organization, quantifying the deaths and other health effects attributable to fine particle pollution from coal-fired power plants.[10] Fine particle pollution consists of a complex mixture of soot, heavy metals, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides. Among these particles, the most dangerous are those less than 2.5 microns in diameter, which are so tiny that they can evade the lung's natural defenses, enter the bloodstream, and be transported to vital organs. Impacts are especially severe among the elderly, children, and those with respiratory disease. The study found that over 13,000 deaths and tens of thousands of cases of chronic bronchitis, acute bronchitis, asthma, congestive heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, dysrhythmia, ischemic heart disease, chronic lung disease, and pneumonia each year are attributable to fine particle pollution from U.S. coal plant emissions. These deaths and illnesses are major examples of coal's external costs, i.e. uncompensated harms inflicted upon the public at large. Low-income and minority populations are disproportionately impacted as well, due to the tendency of companies to avoid locating power plants upwind of affluent communities. To monetize the health impact of fine particle pollution from each coal plant, Abt assigned a value of $7,300,000 to each 2010 mortality, based on a range of government and private studies. Valuations of illnesses ranged from $52 for an asthma episode to $440,000 for a case of chronic bronchitis.[11]

Table 1: Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from Chouteau Plant

Type of Impact Annual Incidence Valuation
Deaths 64 $470,000,000
Heart attacks 97 $11,000,000
Asthma attacks 1,100 $57,000
Hospital admissions 46 $1,100,000
Chronic bronchitis 39 $17,000,000
Asthma ER visits 70 $26,000

Source: "Find Your Risk from Power Plant Pollution," Clean Air Task Force interactive table, accessed February 2011

Citizen groups

Articles and Resources

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 "Preliminary Monthly Electric Generator Inventory (based on Form EIA-860M as a supplement to Form EIA-860) - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)". www.eia.gov. Retrieved 2022-12-14.
  2. "EIA 923 2019" EIA 923 2019.
  3. "Preliminary Monthly Electric Generator Inventory" eia.gov, 860m March 2020
  4. "Grand River Energy Center, Oklahoma - Power Technology," Power Technology, January 2015
  5. "DOE Issues First-Ever Emergency Order to Keep Open a Unit That Is Noncompliant with MATS," Power, 04/20/2017
  6. "Order No. 202-17-1," US DOE, Apr 14, 2017
  7. "GRDA dedicates $500 million power generation plant," Tulsa World, Oct 27, 2017
  8. Form EIA-860 Data - Schedule 3, 'Generator Data' US EIA, 2018
  9. "GRDA board votes to decommission 41-year-old coal-fired unit," PowerEng, 8.16.19
  10. "The Toll from Coal: An Updated Assessment of Death and Disease from America's Dirtiest Energy Source," Clean Air Task Force, September 2010.
  11. "Technical Support Document for the Powerplant Impact Estimator Software Tool," Prepared for the Clean Air Task Force by Abt Associates, July 2010

Sources

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