Clover power station

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Clover power station is an operating power station of at least 848-megawatts (MW) in Clover, Halifax, Virginia, United States.


Table 1: Project-level location details

Plant name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Clover power station Clover, Halifax, Virginia, United States 36.869533, -78.704414 (exact)

The map below shows the exact location of the power station.

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Unit-level coordinates (WGS 84):

  • Unit 1, Unit 2: 36.869533, -78.704414

Project Details

Table 2: Unit-level details

Unit name Status Fuel(s) Capacity (MW) Technology Start year Retired year
Unit 1 operating coal - bituminous 424 subcritical 1995
Unit 2 operating coal - bituminous 424 subcritical 1996

Table 3: Unit-level ownership and operator details

Unit name Owner
Unit 1 Virginia Electric and Power Co [50.0%], Old Dominion Electric Cooperative [50.0%]
Unit 2 Virginia Electric and Power Co [50.0%], Old Dominion Electric Cooperative [50.0%]

Project-level coal details

  • Coal source(s): Clintwood Elkhorn 2 (Clintwood), Apex 1 Mine (Clintwood)

Retirement discussions

Clover's two coal-fired units 1 and 2 were proposed for retirement in 2025 by plant owner Dominion in 2018.[1]

The 2020 Virginia Clean Economy Act set a 2024 deadline for the closure of most of the state’s coal units, although it allowed Virginia City and the Clover Power Station jointly owned by Dominion and Old Dominion Electric Cooperative to stay open until 2045. [2] Although Dominion projected a 2025 retirement date for the plant in long-range planning, no firm commitments have been made, and the facility’s shared ownership means both Dominion and ODEC must agree to any closure plan.[3]

In their 2023 Integrated Resource Plan (IRP), Dominion no longer included a projected retirement date for Clover power station.[4][5] A Dominion representative reportedly said of the updated IRP, "To reliably serve our customers and keep the lights on 24/7, we’ll need to preserve most of our existing power stations until at least the late 2030s, including Clover."[6]

Emissions Data

  • 2006 CO2 Emissions: 7,668,938 tons
  • 2006 SO2 Emissions: 1,854 tons
  • 2006 SO2 Emissions per MWh:
  • 2006 NOx Emissions: 10,035 tons
  • 2005 Mercury Emissions: 17 lb.
State Facility ID# Unit Year Op. hrs Months SO2 Tons NOx Rate(lb/mmBtu) NOx Tons CO2 Tons Heat Input(mmBtu)
VA Clover 7213 1 2010 8380 12 1,223.4 0.28 4,689.9 3,348,322.5 32,634,770
VA Clover 7213 2 2010 8405 12 1,122.5 0.30 5,144.7 3,486,470.5 33,981,205
Facility Total 2010 2,345.9 9,834.6 6,834,793


Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from Clover power station

In 2010, Abt Associates issued a study commissioned by the Clean Air Task Force, a nonprofit research and advocacy organization, quantifying the deaths and other health effects attributable to fine particle pollution from coal-fired power plants.[7] Fine particle pollution consists of a complex mixture of soot, heavy metals, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides. Among these particles, the most dangerous are those less than 2.5 microns in diameter, which are so tiny that they can evade the lung's natural defenses, enter the bloodstream, and be transported to vital organs. Impacts are especially severe among the elderly, children, and those with respiratory disease. The study found that over 13,000 deaths and tens of thousands of cases of chronic bronchitis, acute bronchitis, asthma, congestive heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, dysrhythmia, ischemic heart disease, chronic lung disease, and pneumonia each year are attributable to fine particle pollution from U.S. coal plant emissions. These deaths and illnesses are major examples of coal's external costs, i.e. uncompensated harms inflicted upon the public at large. Low-income and minority populations are disproportionately impacted as well, due to the tendency of companies to avoid locating power plants upwind of affluent communities. To monetize the health impact of fine particle pollution from each coal plant, Abt assigned a value of $7,300,000 to each 2010 mortality, based on a range of government and private studies. Valuations of illnesses ranged from $52 for an asthma episode to $440,000 for a case of chronic bronchitis.[8]

Table 1: Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from Clover power station

Type of Impact Annual Incidence Valuation
Deaths 12 $91,000,000
Heart attacks 19 $2,100,000
Asthma attacks 210 $11,000
Hospital admissions 9 $220,000
Chronic bronchitis 8 $3,400,000
Asthma ER visits 10 $4,000

Source: "Find Your Risk from Power Plant Pollution," Clean Air Task Force interactive table, accessed February 2011

Citizen groups

Articles and Resources


  1. Dominion 2018 Integrated Resource Plan, Dominion, Filed May 1, 2018
  2. "Virginia passes 100% clean power mandate", April 13, 2020
  3. "Coal fuels less and less Virginia electricity. But when should utilities pull the plug on plants?," Energy News Network, July 30, 2021
  4. "2023 Integrated Resource Plan," Dominion Virginia, May 2023
  5. "Dominion Virginia’s Improbable IRP," Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis, November 2023
  6. "Dominion updates plan to extend life of Clover plant," The News & Record, May 11, 2023
  7. "The Toll from Coal: An Updated Assessment of Death and Disease from America's Dirtiest Energy Source," Clean Air Task Force, September 2010.
  8. "Technical Support Document for the Powerplant Impact Estimator Software Tool," Prepared for the Clean Air Task Force by Abt Associates, July 2010

Additional data

To access additional data, including an interactive map of coal-fired power stations, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Plant Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.