Crist Plant

From Global Energy Monitor

Crist Plant was a 1,135.1-megawatt (MW) coal and natural gas-fired power station owned and operated by Gulf Power near Pensacola, Florida.

In 2020 the coal plant was converted to run completely on natural gas and renamed the Gulf Clean Energy Center.


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Plant Data

  • Owner: Gulf Power Company
  • Parent Company: Nextera Energy
  • Plant Nameplate Capacity: 1,135.1 MW (Megawatts)
  • Units and In-Service Dates: Unit 4: 93.7 MW (1959), Unit 5: 93.7 MW (1961), Unit 6: 369.7 MW (1970), Unit 7: 578.0 MW (1973)
  • Location: 55 North Q St., Pensacola, FL 32520
  • GPS Coordinates: 30.565167, -87.225944
  • Technology: Subcritical
  • Coal type: Bituminous
  • Coal Consumption:
  • Coal Source: Sugar Camp Mine (Foresight)[1]
  • Number of Employees:
  • Unit Conversions: Units 6 and 7 were converted from coal-fired to gas-fired in 2020.[2]
  • Unit Retirements: Units 4 and 5 were retired from burning coal in 2020.[3]

Unit Retirements

According to an April 2020 article by S&P Global, units 4 and 5 will be retired before the end of 2025 and 2027, respectively. [4]

However, after Hurricane Sally damaged the plant's coal-handling equipment in September 2020, Gulf Power decided to retire its coal operations completely.[3]

Conversion to Natural Gas

According to the 10-year site plan of plant owners FPL and Gulf Power (2020-2029), Gulf Power is in the process of converting units 6 and 7 of the Crist Plant from coal to natural gas. The effort is already underway and is scheduled to be completed before the end of September 2020.[5]

Emissions Data

  • 2006 CO2 Emissions: 7,234,954 tons
  • 2006 SO2 Emissions: 35,614 tons
  • 2006 SO2 Emissions per MWh:
  • 2006 NOx Emissions: 6,739 tons
  • 2005 Mercury Emissions: 197 lb.

Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from Crist Plant

In 2010, Abt Associates issued a study commissioned by the Clean Air Task Force, a nonprofit research and advocacy organization, quantifying the deaths and other health effects attributable to fine particle pollution from coal-fired power plants.[6] The study found that over 13,000 deaths and tens of thousands of cases of chronic bronchitis, acute bronchitis, asthma-related episodes and asthma-related emergency room visits, congestive heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, dysrhythmia, ischemic heart disease, chronic lung disease, peneumonia each year are attributable to fine particle pollution from U.S. coal-fired power plants. Fine particle pollution is formed from a combination of soot, acid droplets, and heavy metals formed from sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, and soot. Among those particles, the most dangerous are the smallest (smaller than 2.5 microns), which are so tiny that they can evade the lung's natural defenses, enter the bloodstream, and be transported to vital organs. Impacts are especially severe among the elderly, children, and those with respiratory disease. Low-income and minority populations are disproportionately impacted as well, due to the tendency of companies to avoid locating power plants upwind of affluent communities.

The table below estimates the death and illness attributable to the Crist Plant. Abt assigned a value of $7,300,000 to each 2010 mortality, based on a range of government and private studies. Valuations of illnesses ranged from $52 for an asthma episode to $440,000 for a case of chronic bronchitis.[7]

Table 1: Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from the Crist Plant

Type of Impact Annual Incidence Valuation
Deaths 43 $310,000,000
Heart attacks 58 $6,300,000
Asthma attacks 720 $37,000
Hospital admissions 30 $710,000
Chronic bronchitis 26 $1,100,000
Asthma ER visits 44 $16,000

Source: "Find Your Risk from Power Plant Pollution," Clean Air Task Force interactive table, accessed February 2011

Citizen groups

Articles and Resources


  1. "EIA 923 July 2020" EIA 923 July 2020.
  2. "FPL shuts down its last coal-fired plant in Florida and converting another to natural gas". Power Engineering. 2021-01-13.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Little, Jim (2021-01-22). "Gulf Power's Plant Crist converts to natural gas, renamed Gulf Clean Energy Center". Pensacola News Journal. Retrieved 2021-06-24.
  4. "Resource plan adds solar, gas, batteries in place of coal at Gulf Power" S&P Global, April 16, 2020.
  5. "Ten Year Power Plant Site Plan 2020 – 2029,", page 22 and 91, accessed May 2020.
  6. "The Toll from Coal: An Updated Assessment of Death and Disease from America's Dirtiest Energy Source," Clean Air Task Force, September 2010.
  7. "Technical Support Document for the Powerplant Impact Estimator Software Tool," Prepared for the Clean Air Task Force by Abt Associates, July 2010

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