Damietta Segas LNG Terminal

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

Damietta SEGAS LNG Terminal is a gas export terminal in Damiette, Egypt. SEGAS stands for Spanish Egyptian Gas Company.


Damietta Segas LNG Terminal is located 60 kilometers west of Port Said.[1]

Loading map...

Project Details

Project Details, Train 1

  • Operator: SEGAS SERVICES[2]
  • Owner: SEGAS[2]
  • Parent: Eni (50%), Egyptian Natural Gas Holding Company (EGAS - 40%), Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation (EGPC – 10%)[3]
  • Location: Damiette Port, Damiette, Egypt
  • Coordinates: 31.469, 31.7473 (exact)
  • Capacity: 5 mtpa[4][2]
  • Cost: US$1.4 billion (approximate)[5]
  • Financing: US$300 million loan from the European Investment Bank[5]
  • Status: Operating
  • Type: Export
  • Start Year: 2005[2], idled in 2012, restarted in 2021[6]

Project Details, Train 2

  • Owner: Eni (50%), Egyptian Natural Gas Holding Company (EGAS - 40%), Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation (EGPC – 10%)[3]
  • Location: Damiette Port, Damiette, Egypt
  • Coordinates: 31.469, 31.7473 (exact)
  • Capacity: 5 mtpa[7]
  • Status: Cancelled[8]
  • Type: Export[8]
  • Start Year:

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day


Damietta SEGAS is an LNG export terminal in Damiette, Egypt. It has one train.[9]

Declining domestic gas production and rising gas demand in Egypt led to the idling of Damietta Segas in 2012. The gas that had acted as feedstock for the plant was diverted to maintain gas supply to Cairo. It is currently unknown as to when (or whether) the plant may be restarted.[10]

In 2015 Egypt became a net LNG importer. Political upheaval caused power shortages and forced Egypt to save gas for is own use.[11] In 2017, the International Gas Union predicted new gas drilling in the Zohr gas field of the Mediterranean Sea, as well as Egypt's West Nile Delta, could restore Egypt's status as a net gas exporter by 2021.[12]

In May 2015, Damietta Segas LNG Terminal owners, Spain’s Union Fenosa Gas Company, signed a letter of intent with US Noble Energy, a 36 per cent owner of Israel’s Tamar gas field, to export 2.5 trillion cubic feet of gas over 15 years to Damietta Segas LNG.[13]

Forbes reported in November 2015 that if Egypt joins Cyrus and Israel in a venture to import gas to Egypt, the three countries have enough infrastructure to form a regional Eastern Mediterranean gas hub.[14]

According to the International Gas Union’s World LNG 2017 report, Egypt was the 18th largest LNG exporter by share between 2015 and 2016.[12]

According to the International Group of Liquefied Natural Gas Importers (GIIGNL) 2020 Annual Report, "In February 2020, Eni signed a series of agreements with the Arab Republic of Egypt, the Egyptian Gene- ral Petroleum Corporation, the Egyptian Natural Gas Holding Company and Naturgy for the restart of the Damietta liquefaction plant by June 2020, which has been idle since November 2012."[3]

It was reported in June 2020 that plans to revive the plant had fallen through due to adverse economic conditions for LNG project developers which the COVID-19 pandemic has amplified.[15]

Egypt's oil minister Tarak El-Molla announced in January 2021 that the terminal will reopen in February 2021 marking a revival of Egypt's LNG push, in particular to the European market. The plan involves shipping gas derived from Egypt's giant Zohr field as well as some imported from Israel.[16]

On February 23, 2021, the export terminal came back online after idling for eight years.[6] According to Bloomberg reporting, Egypt accounted for only about 1% of global LNG supply in 2019, but "the re-opening of the LNG terminal helps its plan to become an export hub on Europe's doorstep."[17]

Proposed Expansion Background

In 2005, construction of a second train was proposed, which would have added an additional 5.55 million tonnes per year of capacity. It was to be supplied from the Satis gas discovery in the offshore Nile Delta. However, the plan was postponed due limited gas reserves and increased domestic demand in Egypt. There have been no development updates since 2005, and the proposed expansion is presumed to be cancelled.[18][1]

Articles and resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 "SEGAS Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Complex, Damietta, Egypt". Hydrocarbons Technology. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 International Group of Liquefied Natural Gas Importers (May 24, 2022). "Annual Report 2022 Edition" (PDF). GIIGNL. Retrieved July 13, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 The LNG Industry: Annual Report 2020, page 38, International Group of Liquefied Natural Gas Importers, accessed April 29, 2020
  4. 2020 World LNG Report, page 102, International Gas Union, April 27, 2020
  5. 5.0 5.1 Damietta LNG Plant, European Investment Bank website, accessed Feb. 23, 2021
  6. 6.0 6.1 Adnan Bajic, Damietta LNG plant produces first cargo after 2012, Offshore Energy, Feb. 23, 2021
  7. ENI Inks Deal with Egypt for 2nd LNG Train in Damietta , RigZone, March 28, 2005
  8. 8.0 8.1 Damietta LNG (SEGAS LNG), Mechademy, accessed March 31, 2021
  9. SEGAS LNG Wikipedia, accessed April 2017
  10. "Egypt Overview". EIA. 2013-07-31. Retrieved 2014-04-30.
  11. Yaacov Benmeleh and Rakteem Katakey, "Shell to Mull Buying Israeli, Cyprus Gas for Egypt Plant," Bloomberg, August 20, 2017.
  12. 12.0 12.1 "2017 World LNG Report" International Gas Union, Accessed June 20, 2017.
  13. , "Egypt to import Israeli gas?," Al-Ahram Weekly, August 23, 2017.
  14. Simone Tagliapietra and Georg Zachmann, "Egypt Holds The Key To The Eastern Mediterranean's Gas Future," Forbes, November 29, 2015
  15. , "Economic slowdown impacts MENA LNG," LNG Industry, Jun. 9, 2020.
  16. Salma El Wardany, Egypt to Reopen LNG Plant In Push to Be Major European Supplier, Bloomberg, Jan. 27, 2021.
  17. Salma El Wardany and Anna Shiryaevskaya, Egyptian Plan to Supply Europe's LNG Gets Boost as Plant Reopens, Bloomberg, Feb. 17, 2021
  18. SEGAS LNG Wikipedia, accessed April 2017

Related GEM.wiki articles

External resources

External articles

Wikipedia also has an article on SEGAS LNG. This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the GFDL.