Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram Thermal Power Plant

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Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram Thermal Power Plant is an operating power station of at least 600-megawatts (MW) in Rattanpura, Yamunanagar, Haryana, India with multiple units, some of which are not currently operating. It is also known as Yamunanagar power station; DCRTPP.


Table 1: Project-level location details

Plant name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram Thermal Power Plant Rattanpura, Yamunanagar, Yamunanagar, Haryana, India 30.1075175, 77.3267646 (exact)

The map below shows the exact location of the power station.

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Unit-level coordinates (WGS 84):

  • Unit 1, Unit 2: 30.1075175, 77.3267646
  • Unit 3: 30.10541, 77.32697

Project Details

Table 2: Unit-level details

Unit name Status Fuel(s) Capacity (MW) Technology Start year Retired year
Unit 1 operating coal - unknown 300 subcritical 2008
Unit 2 operating coal - unknown 300 subcritical 2008
Unit 3 pre-permit[1] coal - unknown 800[1] ultra-supercritical[1] 2029[2]

Table 3: Unit-level ownership and operator details

Unit name Owner
Unit 1 Haryana Power Generation Co Ltd (HPGCL) [100.0%]
Unit 2 Haryana Power Generation Co Ltd (HPGCL) [100.0%]
Unit 3 Haryana Power Generation Co Ltd (HPGCL) [100.0%]

Project-level coal details

  • Permit(s): Terms of Reference: 2023-03-24; Terms of Reference Amendment: 2023-09[3][4]


The Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram power project was commissioned in the first half of 2008. The power plant is one of the coal based power plants of Haryana Power Generation Company (HPGCL). It was jointly constructed by Reliance Energy Limited and Shanghai Electric (China) in a collaboration.[5]


In 2010, MOEF granted Terms of Reference for a 660 MW expansion.[6]

The HPGCL website also confirmed that the company was planning for the existing plant to be increased to 1,260 MW.[7]

As of 2016, the project was listed at 800 MW and was scheduled for the 13th Plan (2017-2022).[8] It was awaiting approval by the state government.[9]

The project did not appear to have been permitted and appeared to be cancelled.

However, in January 2023, it was reported that the Haryana government launched a tender for the EPC contract for the 800 MW expansion unit.[10]

The project was expected to cost around Rs 5,352 crore. The debt-equity ratio was expected to be 70:30 and facilitated by the Haryana government. P K Das of Haryana Power Utilities said that the national capital region of Haryana was witnessing vigorous manufacturing activity and expecting power demand increases. Das further mentioned that they were exploring ways to acquire a joint venture with a coal firm intended to set up a 2,500-3,000 MW pithead power plant in Odisha.[11]

Bids were expected to be submitted by the end of June 2023.[12] A tender document provided the following project status:[13]

  • "The land for main plant area has been acquired and is under possession of HPGCL."
  • "The land for rail infrastructure inside the plant boundary and raw water pipeline from existing Reservoir is under possession."
  • "Land for ash disposal pipe routing up to the existing ash pond is under possession."
  • "The process of obtaining Environment Clearance from Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEF&CC), Govt. of India. has been initiated under the guidance of M/s Mecon, Ranchi (a Govt. of India Enterprise)"
  • "The NOC for Chimney height shall be obtained from Airport Authority of India."
  • "Water drawl from Western Yamuna Canal for the project has been tied up with Irrigation Department, Govt. of Haryana."

Terms of Reference (ToR) for conducting an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) study were submitted in February and granted in March 2023.[14] The minutes of the Thermal Expert Appraisal Committee (EAC) from February 2023 noted several additional amendments to the ToR.[15]

In a June 2023 meeting, the Expert Appraisal Committee agreed to amendments of the project's ToR as proposed by Haryana Power Generation Corporation Limited (HPGCL).[16] The project's amended Terms of Reference were granted in September 2023.[17]

By September 2023, HPGCL had posted updated E-Tender details for the project, which stated that the bid submission deadline date was to be October 18, 2023.[18] In October 2023, the Union power ministry had reportedly given the Haryana government the "go-ahead" to develop the 800 MW expansion unit.[19] At the time of reporting, the new unit was expected to begin commercial operation within 48 months, or by October 2027.

Reporting in February 2024 announced that the EPC tender for Unit 3 had been awarded to Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL).[20] At the time, construction was expected to be completed within 57 months (by 2029).[21]


Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram Thermal Power Plant Project.

The project was first conceived in 1981-82 but it remained in suspended animation for more than two decades. The previous governments tried to implement the project, first through the private sector, then through the National Thermal Power Corporation, and thereafter attempts were also made to get it executed through foreign investments. But the project remained only on paper because governments were not serious about setting up this project. Former Indian prime minister, PV Narasimha Rao even laid the foundation stone of this project through remote control from Faridabad in March 1993. At that time, the project was planned to be executed by NTPC, but that too could not go beyond construction of a few residential and non-residential buildings. In year 2004 then chief minister of Haryana Om Prakash Chautala again laid the stone of this thermal plant but again the project remained on papers only. But in year 2005 the new chief minister of Haryana Bhupinder Singh Hooda gave nod to the project and the plant was finally developed in 2005-2008.[22]

Environmental impact

A November 2023 report by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) argued that the ongoing air pollution crisis in the New Delhi National Capital Region (NCR) had been made worse by the failure of nine out of 11 coal plants in the region to comply with air pollution standards. The Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram Thermal Power Plant reportedly exceeded standards for nitrogen oxides (NOx) and sulphur dioxide (SO2) during the 17-month reporting period from April 2022 to August 2023. After repeatedly postponing emissions compliance deadlines, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change set the power station's NOx compliance deadline for 2024 and its SO2 compliance deadline for 2026.[23][24]

Articles and Resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 (PDF) Archived from the original (PDF) on 09 April 2024. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |archive-date= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. "Work of third unit Yamunanagar Thermal Power Plant to commence soon, Khattar". Times of India. 2024-02-06.
  3. Parivesh {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. (PDF) Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 January 2024. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. Haryana Power Generation Company, "Future Projects," Haryana Power Generation Company website, accessed November 2011
  6. "Terms of Reference," MOEF, April 6, 2010
  7. Haryana Power Generation Company, "Future Projects," Haryana Power Generation Company website, accessed November 2011
  8. "Future Projects," HPGCL website, accessed December 2016
  9. "Nod awaited to increase power generation by 800 MW," Tribune India, June 10, 2016
  10. "Haryana invites global bids for 800 MW thermal power unit at Yamunanagar," Hindustan Times, January 18, 2023
  11. "Haryana Govt Invites Bids For 800 MW Thermal Power Plant," Business World, January 19, 2023
  12. "Tender Details". Retrieved May 2023. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |access-date= (help); External link in |website= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  13. "EPC PACKAGE TENDER SPECIFICATION: Volume I," HPGCL, December 26, 2022
  14. "HARYANA POWER GENERATION CORPORATION LIMITED". Retrieved May 2023. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |access-date= (help); External link in |website= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  15. "MINUTES OF THE 37TH MEETING OF THE RE-CONSTITUTED EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (EAC) ON ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA) ON 14th FEBRUARY, 2023" (PDF). February 2023. {{cite web}}: line feed character in |title= at position 67 (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  16. Minutes of Agenda of 43rd Meeting of the Expert Appraisal Committee, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, June 19, 2023
  17. Expansion of existing 2x300 MW coal based thermal unit by installing new 1x800 MW supercritical unit at Deen Bandhu Chhotu Ram Thermal Power Plant (DCRTPP), Yamuna Nagar, Haryana, Parivesh, MOEFCC, Accessed: Sept. 2023
  18. Tender Details, Haryana Power Generation Corporation Ltd, accessed: Sept. 2023
  19. Haryana: Decks cleared for 800 MW thermal power plant in Yamunanagar, Hindustan Times, Oct. 7, 2023
  20. Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram thermal power plant expansion, transforming power generation, The Daily Guardian, February 7, 2024
  21. Work of third unit Yamunanagar Thermal Power Plant to commence soon, Khattar, Times of India, February 6, 2024
  22. "News Report". Retrieved July 16, 2011.
  23. "Environmental Status of Coal-Based Thermal Power Plants in the National Capital Region," Centre for Science and Environment, November 24, 2023
  24. "11 coal-based power plants around Capital not complying with emission norms: Study," Energy Central, November 27, 2023

Additional data

To access additional data, including an interactive map of coal-fired power stations, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Plant Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.