Dolphin Qatar-UAE Natural Gas Pipeline

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.
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Dolphin Qatar-UAE Natural Gas Pipeline, also known as Ras Laffan-UAE pipeline, is an operating natural gas pipeline in Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, and Oman.[1]

Location

The Pipeline begins in Qatar and runs offshore through the Persian Gulf to Taweelah in the United Arab Emirates. From there, the pipeline intersects with a number of small pipelines which move throughout U.A.E. and branch out into Oman.[2]

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Project Details

  • Operator: Dolphin Energy[3]
  • Parent Company: Mubadala Development Company (51%), Total (24.5%), Occidental Petroleum (24.5%)
  • Capacity: 3,200 million cubic feet per day
  • Diameter: 48 inches[4]
  • Length: 370 kilometers/ 230 miles
  • Status: Operating
  • Start Year: 2003

Background

Dolphin Energy, the constructor and operator of the project pipeline, is jointly owned by Mubadala Development Company (51%), Total of France (24.5%) and Occidental Petroleum of the United States (24.5%). The first phase involved the development of two platforms in Qatar’s North field, two multi-phase offshore sealines to the processing facilities and the gas treatment and compression plants at Ras Laffan. The second phase involved the construction of a 48in diameter, 260 mile (364km) subsea pipeline that carries gas to the UAE (cost $3.5bn). The second phase was completed in August 2006. The pipeline has a capacity of 2 billion cubic feet per day and potentially can carry upwards to 3.2 billion cubic feet per day.[5]

The Dolphin pipeline was the first pipeline laid as part of the Dolphin Natural Gas Project between Qatar and U.A.E. The second pipeline laid was the Al Ain - Fujairah pipeline, followed by the last the leg of the project, the Taweelah-Fujairah pipeline.[6]

The Dolphin Gas Project is one of the largest trans-border energy projects ever undertaken in the Middle East. The project brings natural gas from Qatar via pipeline to the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The $7bn project has brought together three Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) nations – UAE, Qatar and Oman – into an integrated regional energy network for the first time.[7]

In 2015, Dolphin Energy raised $863 million in debt from BNP Paribas, MUFG, and SMBC to expand the pipeline’s capacity by adding three new compressors to the six already in operation.

Articles and resources

References

  1. Dolphin Natural Gas Pipeline, A Barrel Full, accessed January 31, 2018
  2. Leigh Elston, South Korea seeks stronger ties with Oman to counter Strait closure, Interfax Global Energy, January 16, 2012
  3. "Operations | Dolphin Energy Limited". Dolphinenergy.com. Retrieved 2020-08-10.
  4. Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (2017). "52nd Edition: OPEC Annual Statistical Bulletin" (PDF). Opec.org. p. 136. Retrieved August 10, 2020.
  5. The Dolphin Gas Project, Hydrocarbons Technology, accessed February 2, 2018
  6. Dolphin Energy, Dolphin Energy, accessed February 2, 2018
  7. The Dolphin Gas Project, Hydrocarbons Technology, accessed February 2, 2018

Related SourceWatch articles

External resources

External articles

[[Category: Existing pipelines in the United Arab Emirates]