Eight-Three Oil Pipeline Network

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.
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Eight-Three Oil Pipeline Network 东北输油管道八三工程 is an oil pipeline network in China with segments that are operating and retired.[1][2]

Location

Network details

Eight-Three Oil Pipeline Network 东北输油管道八三工程

  • Operator:
  • Owner:
  • Parent company: PipeChina
  • Capacity: 40 mtpa
  • Length: 2,471 kilometers
  • Status: Retired
  • Start year: 1971–1975


Construction on the network began in 1970.

Segment details

Qinhuangdao–Beijing Oil Pipeline 秦京输油管道 (秦皇岛-北京)

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  • Operator:
  • Owner:
  • Parent company: Chinese National Petroleum Company
  • Capacity: 6 mtpa
  • Length:
  • Diameter: 529 mm[3]
  • Status: Retired[3]
  • Start year: 1975
  • Cost:
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This segment was proposed in 1969 and began construction in 1974.

Changchun–Jilin Oil Pipeline 长吉输油管道 (长春-吉林)

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  • Operator:
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  • Parent company: Chinese National Petroleum Company
  • Capacity: 10 mtpa
  • Length: 166.3 kilometers
  • Diameter: 20 inches
  • Status: Operating
  • Start year: 2005
  • Cost: 500 million RMB[4]
  • Financing:
  • Associated infrastructure:

Daqing–Fushun Oil Pipeline 长吉输油管道 (长春-吉林)

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  • Parent company: Chinese National Petroleum Company
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  • Status: Retired
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Fushun–Liaoyang Oil Pipeline 抚辽输油管道支线(抚顺-辽阳)

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  • Parent company: Chinese National Petroleum Company
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  • Status: Retired
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Tieling–Qinhuangdao Oil Pipeline 铁秦输油管道 (铁岭-秦皇岛)

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  • Operator:
  • Owner:
  • Parent company: Chinese National Petroleum Company
  • Capacity: 18 mtpa
  • Length: 454 kilometers
  • Diameter: 720 millimeters
  • Status: Retired
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Tieling–Anshan Oil Pipeline 铁鞍输油管道 (铁岭-鞍山)

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  • Operator:
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  • Parent company: Chinese National Petroleum Company
  • Capacity: 12.4 mtpa
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  • Status: Retired (2014)
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Fushun–Anshan Oil Pipeline 抚鞍输油管道 (抚顺-鞍山)

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  • Parent company: Chinese National Petroleum Company
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  • Status: Retired
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Tieling–Fushun Oil Pipeline 铁抚输油管道 (铁岭-抚顺)

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  • Operator:
  • Owner:
  • Parent company: Chinese National Petroleum Company
  • Capacity: 11.5 mtpa
  • Length: 45.5 kilometers
  • Diameter: 711 millimeters, 720 millimeters
  • Status: Retired, Operating
  • Start year: 1971, 2015
  • Cost:
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The original pipeline began operating in 1971, and a replacement line became operational in 2015.[5]

Dalian Port–Xiaosonglan Oil Pipeline 新大线 (大连新港-小松岚)

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  • Operator:
  • Owner:
  • Parent company: Chinese National Petroleum Company
  • Capacity: 16 mtpa
  • Length: 14.86 kilometers
  • Diameter: 508 millimeters
  • Status: Operating
  • Start year:
  • Cost:
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Background

There were in total eight major pipelines and 23 branches in this network when it was built. The old pipelines gradually retired, the last of which doing so in 2017. Replacements or parallel lines have since been built and become operational, to serve the various refineries in northeast China.

The network's sources are Zhongyuan Oil Field, Shengli Oil Field, and Huabei Oil Field. In October 2020, ownership of the pipeline network was transferred from CNPC to PipeChina.[6]

The "August 3rd Project" (which gives the "Eight-Three" aspect of the name) in northeast China started with the construction of Daqing-Fushun Oil Pipeline (Qingfu Line), which ran from Daqing to Fushun. It began from Maoxing, Zhaoyuan County, Heilongjiang Province, passing through Nenjiang in Heilongjiang, Songyuan, Nong’an, Changchun, Gongzhuling, Lishu and Siping in Jilin Province and Changtu, Tieling in Liaoning province before finally reaching Fushun, an industrial city with concentrated refineries. The last station is located in Kangletun, Fushun and supplies oil to Fushun Petroleum No. 1, No. 2 and No. 3 plants through branch lines. Qingfu Line has a total length of 596.8 kilometers, including 558.6 kilometers of pipelines with a diameter of 720 mm. Construction started in September 1970, trial operation in August 1971, and official oil delivery on October 31. The total investment of the project is 293 million yuan, and the annual oil transportation capacity is 20 million tons. It is the first time in China to build a long-distance, large-diameter pipeline to transport crude oil.[7][8]

In 1972, the subsequent construction of the Tieling-Qinhuangdao Oil Pipeline started. In October 1973, the construction of the Daqing-Tieling Second line started. In October 1974, the construction of the pipeline from Tieling to Dalian started. During this period, short-distance pipelines were also built. They are: from Fushun to Anshan Refinery, from No. 2 Petroleum Plant to Liaoning Power Plant, from Dandong to Sinuiju, North Korea, and from Panjin to No. 5 Jinxi Petroleum Plant. By September 1975, 8 oil pipelines with a total of 2,471 kilometers were constructed in 5 years, forming 3 oil pipelines connecting Daqing to Fushun, Daqing to Qinhuangdao and Daqing to Dalian with Tieling Station as the hub Aorta, the northeast pipeline network is gradually formed.[7][8]

Articles and resources

References

  1. 能讯网 (6 March 2014). "秦京原油管道". InfoPetro. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  2. 能讯网 (6 March 2014). "华北油田原油外输管道". Infopetro. Archived from the original on 2020-11-01. Retrieved 2020-02-21.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Tianjin Province medium- and long-term development and layout planning of long-distance oil and gas pipelines (2021–2035)" (PDF). FZGG. Retrieved 2022-03-30.
  4. "吉林省重点工程长吉输油管道日前投产 _产经动态_财经纵横_新浪网". finance.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 2022-03-30.
  5. "东部原油管网能耗问题分析". webcache.googleusercontent.com. Retrieved 2022-03-30.
  6. 重磅:国家管网正式运营!, dy.163.com, Oct. 9, 2020
  7. 7.0 7.1 "83 Project". Baidu. Retrieved 2022-03-30.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "四十多年老"八三"管道旧貌换新颜!". www.sohu.com. Retrieved 2022-03-30.

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External resources

External articles