Gasoducto del Noreste Argentino Gas Pipeline
Gasoducto del Noreste Argentino Gas Pipeline, also known by its Spanish initials as the GNEA, or as the South American Gas Pipeline, is a natural gas pipeline in Argentina.
Starting from a junction with the Juana Azurduy Gas Pipeline in Campo Durán (Salta province), the GNEA pipeline was originally projected to run southeast through Salta and Formosa provinces to the city of Formosa, then turn south to parallel Argentina's national highway 11, passing through Resistencia in Chaco province, briefly jogging southwest between Reconquista and Vera (Santa Fé province), and finally resuming its southward trajectory to Santo Tomé in Santa Fé province.
Project Details: Southern Segment
- Operator: IEASA
- Parent Company: IEASA
- Capacity: 10 billion cubic meters per year
- Length: 431 miles / 694 km
- Status: Operating
- Start Year: 2019
Project Details: Northern Segment
- Operator: IEASA
- Parent Company: IEASA
- Proposed capacity: 10 billion cubic meters per year
- Length: 479 miles / 771 km
- Status: Shelved
- Start Year:
The Gasoducto del Noreste Argentino was originally designed to transport natural gas from Bolivia to northeastern Argentina. The project was announced in 2003, with construction scheduled to start in 2007, and the pipeline scheduled to go online in 2010.
The pipeline is operated and owned by IEASA (Integración Energética Sociedad Anónima, formerly known as Enarsa). In May 2017 it was reported that Enarsa would finish construction of the final 100 km of the pipeline by December 2017 or January 2018. At the same time Enarsa's President Hugo Balboa stated that the company could not guarantee operation of the pipeline in the future due to insufficient demand in the provinces of Formosa and Chaco, Argentina. According to the Union of South American Nations, construction on the pipeline was 90% complete as of September 2017.
Southern Segment (Santa Fé & Chaco provinces)
In September 2018 the Argentine government announced that the scope of the pipeline had been scaled back to include only the southern segment running from Santo Tomé (Santa Fe province) to the Bermejo River (Chaco province). Among the government's stated reasons for scaling back the project were financial irregularities that occurred during the administration of President Cristina Kirchner, and the possibility of supplying gas from Argentina's Vaca Muerta field, which would reduce the need to import gas from Bolivia.
In July 2019 it was reported that the pipeline's southern segment would begin operating in September 2019, after the Argentine government awarded TGN (Transportadora de Gas del Norte) rights to operate and maintain the completed sections of the pipeline in Santa Fé and Chaco provinces for a period of 10 years; the cost of building the pipeline was reported at US2.3 billion, nearly double early estimates.
The section of the main pipeline operated by TGN has a diameter of 24 inches (610 mm) and extends for 694 km through the two provinces, with 4- to 10-inch branches extending its scope to roughly 1000 km.
In October 2019, it was announced that the pipeline had begun supplying 3000 homes in San Cristóbal, Santa Fé province, with 25 additional communities in the province scheduled to be connected.
Northern segment (Formosa & Salta provinces)
In a February 2020 meeting with Formosa province governor Gildo Insfrán, Argentina's Secretary of Energy Sergio Lanziani emphasized the importance of completing remaining sections of the pipeline for the economic growth of Argentina's Northeast region. However, as of June 2020, there has been no further progress on the northern segment, and the project appears to be shelved.
Articles and resources
- Gasoducto del Noreste Argentino, Wikipedia, accessed February 2018
- FICHA DE PROYECTO:GASODUCTO DEL NORESTE ARGENTINO, UNASUR, Sep. 29, 2017
- "Mapa: Sistemas de Transporte de Gas Natural de la República Argentina" (PDF). Enargas.
- The Northeast Gas Pipeline will not be finished, Pagina 12, Sep. 11, 2018
- UPDATE 1-Work on Bolivia-Argentina gas line to start in July, Reuters, Jan. 25, 2008
- La construccion del Gasoducto llega a su fin, Telam, Jun. 5, 2017
- Para rescatar la fuerte inversión hundida, revitalizarán el gasoducto del Nordeste, El Cronista, Jul. 29, 2019
- "TGN comienza a operar el Gasoducto del Noreste Argentino". Revista Petroquímica, Petróleo, Gas, Quimica & Energía. September 5, 2019.
- "El Gasoducto del Noreste ya abastece a la localidad santafesina de San Cristóbal • EconoJournal". EconoJournal. October 1, 2019.
- "Lanziani junto a Insfrán: "Es necesario finalizar el Gasoducto del Noroeste Argentino"". Argentina.gob.ar. February 5, 2020.
Related SourceWatch articles
Wikipedia also has an article on Gasoducto del Noreste Argentino Gas Pipeline (GASENE). This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License].