Janschwalde coal mine

From Global Energy Monitor

The Jänschwalde coal mine is an open-cast mine operated by LEAG. It produces 9.1 million tonnes per annum, near Teichland, Forst, and Peitz in Brandenburg, Germany.[1][2]

The mine provides lignite to the Janschwalde power station.


The satellite photo below shows the area of the mine near Teichland, Forst, and Peitz in Brandenburg, Germany.

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The Jänschwalde open-cast mine is operated by Lausitz Energie Bergbau AG (LEAG) in the Lausitz lignite district in Brandenburg and was named after the Jänschwalde community in the Spree-Neisse district. It was opened in the period from 1974 to 1976 south of the town of Grötsch (near Heinersbrück ) and developed from the Grötsch area initially in a southerly direction, before turning to the north-east near Klinge.The nearby Jänschwalde power plant is largely powered by lignite supplied from this open pit.[3] The calorific value of lignite is 8,400 kJ/kg; it contains about 51% water, 1% sulfur and 12% ash.

On March 30, 2017, LEAG canceled plans to expand Jänschwalde.

On September 1, 2019, the open-cast mine was closed for the time being, as there was no confirmed FFH impact assessment. Coal has been allowed to be mined again since February 24th 2020.

In August 2020, Germany passed a coal phaseout act which aims to gradually reduce and eventually end the use of coal-powered energy in the country by 2038.[4] According to the Oeko-Institut, a nonprofit environmental research institute, the shutdown of the Jänschwalde open-cast mine is planned for 2023.[5] However, due to Russia's war in Ukraine, Germany is considering delaying the closure of some lignite power plants and is also considering bringing some recently closed lignite plants back online.[6]

Project Details

  • Operator: LEAG
  • Owners: Energetický a Průmyslový Holding (EPH; 50%) and PPF Investments (50%)[7]
  • Location: near Teichland, Forst, and Peitz in Brandenburg, Germany
  • GPS coordinates: 51.791944, 14.539722 (exact)
  • Mine Status: Operating
  • Production: 9.1 million tons per year (2021)[2]
  • Total Resource:
  • Total Reserves:
  • Coal Type: lignite
  • Mine Size: 80 km2
  • Mine Type: Surface
  • Start Year: 1974
  • Retirement Year: 2023 (expected)
  • Source of Financing:
  • Number of Employees: 2500

Articles and resources


  1. Germany's Three Lignite Mining Regions, Clean Energy Wire, 2018.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Business Fields: Mining", LEAG website, accessed June 2022.
  3. Jänschwalde opencast mine must be stopped, Lausitzer Rundschau, August 30, 2019
  4. "Germany: Law on Phasing-Out Coal-Powered Energy by 2038 Enters into Force", US Library of Congress website, August 31, 2020.
  5. Analysis of power plant closure plans for Germany’s Lusatian mining district, The Oeko-Institut, accessed June 2022.
  6. "Germany to demolish village for coal, despite phaseout plans", E&E News, April 13, 2022.
  7. Overview Company, LEAG website, accessed June 2022.

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External resources

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