Jindal Tete Power Station

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the CoalSwarm coverage of Mozambique and coal
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The Jindal Tete Power Station is a proposed 150-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station and mine in Tete province, Mozambique.

Location

The map below shows the village of Chirodzi, the approximate location where the plant would be built.

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Background

Jindal Tete Power Station is sponsored by Indian company Jindal Steel and Power (JSPL) for Mozambique, between the districts of Songo and Changara. The station would produce electricity from coal in the central province of Tete. It has an estimated cost of US$3 billion. In October, 2011, the Mozambique government authorized Jindal to begin studies for the power station.[1]

The project has greatly scaled down in size. The agreement signed in 2011 between Mozambique's Ministry of Energy and JSPL called for a 2,640-megawatt (MW) plant, to be completed in 2015.[1] As of April 2014, Jindal Africa, a part of Indian multinational JSPL, described the project as comprising Phase I of 42 MW (2 x 21 MW) and Phase II of 140 MW (2 x 70 MW). According to the company, the first station would be for the operational consumption of the company's mine, and the second phase would be for Mozambique's power needs.[2]

In March 2015 it was reported that the project could consist of one 150 MW unit in the 1st phase, with approximately 10 MW being dedicated for operational consumption. Thereafter, a further 2nd phase consisting of one unit of 150 MW of power could be placed in situ, providing a total power output of around 290 MW.[3]

In March 2016, JSPL advertised in the Maputo newspaper Notícias for a consultant to serve as a project manager for a 150 MW coal plant at its Chirodzi coal mine. The company planned to use the majority of the electricity to power the Chirodzi mine and noted it would sell the excess to Electricidade de Moçambique (EDM) under a 25-year power purchase agreement.[4]

In 2018, Jindal Africa claimed it planned to start construction on a 2 x 75 MW coal plant near the Chirodzi mine by the end of the year.[5]

In early 2021, the Business Unit Head of JSPL Mozambique Minerails Limitada, part of the JSPL conglomerate, said "we have recently commissioned our [mining] expansion project - there are only some small aspects to be finished for completion. We need to reach the highest capacity in terms of production, and so we are also under discussion with the government of Mozambique to set up a 2x75 megawatt coal based thermal power plant in our mining license area."[6]

Although it is unclear how up to date the pages are, as of June 2021, the Jindal Power Ltd. (JPL) website still includes plans for a 2x150 MW project in Mozambique.[7] A separate Jindal Africa website still notes plans for two 21 MW units for operational consumption (captive) and two 70 MW units for power.[8] Although plans for the coal plant are not mentioned in JSPL's 2019 Annual Report,[9] nor its 2020 Annual Report,[10] JSPL's website notes the company is "in advance discussions with the government for setting up a coal based independent power plant."[11]

Coal mine

Jindal has also been granted a 25-year mining concession in the Moatize region covering 21,540 hectares of land, known as the Chirodzi mine.[1] JSPL plans for a 10 million tonnes per annum coal mining operation that will produce semi-hard grade coking coal for steel plants and thermal coal for power plants.[12] The mine opened in October 2013, and has estimated reserves of 1.2 billion tonnes of coal.[13] JSPL Mozambique Minerais Ltd. intends to increase coal production from the current 3.0 million to 4.5 million tonnes, with effect from this year, said the director-general of the company operating out of Chirodzi, in the district of Marara in the central Mozambican province of Tete.[14]

Opposition

In January 2012, about 500 protestors blocked a coal train line in the Tete province over housing disputes. Since around 980 families had been moved from the area, citizens were angry at the low-quality housing that they were given as a result of moving.[15]

On June 22, 2015, the Chatham House of the Royal Institute of International Affairs released a report that urged Mozambique to stop the Jindal power plant, citing environmental concerns.[16]

In July 2013, there was a demonstration by Jindal workers and the community against work conditions, abuse, and pollution.[17]

In January 2015, there was work stoppage by Jindal mine workers due to opposition against slave labor conditions. In May 2015, there was also a mine blockade by 500 families of four affected villages near the Jindal plant, in opposition to false promises, resettlement issues, and poor living conditions.[18]

Project Details

  • Sponsor: JSPL Mozambique Minerails Limitada
  • Parent company: Jindal Steel and Power
  • Location: Chirodzi village, Songo and Changara districts, Tete province, Mozambique
  • Coordinates: -15.8587284, 32.9928875 (approximate)
  • Status: Shelved
  • Capacity: 150 MW (Units 1&2: 75 MW)
  • Type:
  • Projected in service:
  • Coal Type:
  • Coal Source: Chirodzi coal mine in the Moatize region, Tete province, Mozambique
  • Source of financing:

Articles and resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Mozambique: Another Coal Power Station Planned for Tete," All Africa, October 4, 2011.
  2. "Mozambique," Jindal Africa website, accessed April 2014
  3. "Jindal Mozambique," Africa Outlook, March 27, 2015
  4. "Mozambique coal miners’ power station projects making ‘visible progress’" Engineering News, Mar 25, 2016
  5. "Jindal Mozambique," Africa Outlook, February 23, 2018
  6. "Mining in Mozambique," Africa Outlook, January 2021
  7. "2x150 MW Coal based Power Project at Mozambique, Africa," Jindal Power, accessed June 2, 2021
  8. "Mozambique," Jindal Africa, accessed June 2, 2021
  9. "Annual Report," Jindal Steel, 2019
  10. Annual Report, Jindal Steel, 2020
  11. [https://www.jindalsteelpower.com/africa.html "Global Operations - Africa," Jindal Steel & Power Ltd., accessed June 2, 2021
  12. "Facilities and Technologies: Other areas: Mozambique," Jindal Power website, accessed February 2014
  13. "Jindal Africa officially opens Chirodzi coal mine in Mozambique after export delays," CNBC Africa, October 18, 2013
  14. "JSPL Mozambique Minerais due to start mining coal in Mozambique in December," Startup Africa, March 3, 2020
  15. “Protest in Mozambique blocks coal train line”, “Mining.com, Andrew Topf”, January 12, 2012.
  16. “Mozambique to 2018”, “Chatham House”, June 22, 2015.
  17. “Mozambican Workers and Communities in Resistance”, “Review of African Political Economy”, March 18, 2016.
  18. “Mozambican Workers and Communities in Resistance”, “Review of African Political Economy”, March 18, 2016.

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External resources

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