Kangal power station
|This article is part of the CoalSwarm coverage of Turkey and coal.|
Kangal Power Station is a 457-megawatt (MW) coal-fired plant located in Hamal, Sivas, Turkey.
The undated satellite photo below shows the power station in Hamal.
The 3 x 150 MW subcritical coal plant was commissioned from 1989 to 2000. It was rehabbed in 2012. On its website (2017), co-owner Konya Şeker states that the installed capacity is now 536.66 MW.
In February 2019 the Right to Clean Air Platform, a coalition of 17 professional organizations and NGOs, successfully campaigned to stop the Turkish Parliament from delaying stronger air pollution requirements for old coal plants from 2019 until 2021. The delay would have allowed Kangal to continue to operate without a desulphurization system or modernised dust filters. The delay would have allowed Kangal to continue to operate without a modern dust, desulphurization and denitrification system.  In November 2019 the Turkish Parliament approved the bill. However on Dec. 2, 2019 President and Justice and Development Party (AKP) Chair Recep Tayyip Erdoğan vetoed the bill and said this veto was motivated by "environmental sensitivity".
As a result, Kangal and other privatised coal power plants that have not completed the required infrastructure including filtration system must complete these requirements beginning Jan. 1, 2020 or these plants will face closure and/or fines. In January 2020 Kangal was one of five plants closed by the government under Environmental Law 2872 for failing to install a more effective air filtration system. The other closed plants were Afşin-Elbistan A, Kütahya Seyitömer, Kütahya Tunçbilek, and Zonguldak Çatalağzı. In late January 2020 it was reported that one unit of Kangal had resumed operating after installing a new flue gas filtration system and being granted a "temporary activity certificate."
As of May 2020 Unit 1 of the plant was operating with a "temporary activity certificate" that will allow it to continue operating until January 2021 despite its failure to comply with filtration requirements under Environmental Law 2872. In May 2020 Greenpeace applied to the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization to shut down Kangal and eight other plants not in compliance with Environmental Law 2872 due to the Covid-19 pandemic and the correlation between fine particulate pollution and higher mortality rates from Covid-19. In June 2020 Unit 2 and Unit 3 were declared in compliance with the new filter requirement and were cleared to resume operating with a one-year temporary license.
- Sponsor: Kangal Termik Santral Elektrik Üretim A.Ş. (note that Çoban Yıldızı Elektrik Üretim A.Ş. is also a subsidiary of Konya Şeker)
- Parent company: Anadolu Birlik Holding
- Location: Hamal, Sivas, Turkey
- Coordinates: 39.0777, 37.2955 (exact)
- Status: Operating
- Gross capacity: 457 MW: Unit 1: 150 MW; Unit 2: 150 MW; Unit 3: 157 MW
- Type: Subcritical
- Start date: 1989 (Unit 1), 1990 (Unit 2), 2000 (Unit 3)
- Coal type: lignite
- Coal source: Sivas Kangal coal mine
- Source of financing: İş Bankası, Vakıfbank, Garanti, Ziraat, Yapı Kredi 
- WRI ID: WRI1018712
- EBC ID: TR-15
Articles and resources
- "Kangal Thermal Power Plant Rehabilitation" Internetional Strategic Research Organisation, accessed November 28, 2012.
- "Kangal Thermal Power Plant" Konya Şeker website, accessed December 6, 2017.
- Step forward for health protection in Turkey: Proposal to extend the pollution exemptions given to privatised coal power plants withdrawn, Health And Environment Alliance, Feb. 15, 2019
- Turkish Parliament will vote about polluting coal power plants next week, Health And Environment Alliance, Feb. 1, 2019
- Communication with HEAL, December 2019
- Turkish Parliament will vote about polluting coal power plants next week, Health And Environment Alliance, Feb. 1, 2019.
- 50’inci madde kabul edildi, Yeşil Ekonomi, 22 Nov. 2019
- Erdoğan Vetoes Bill Postponing Installation of Filters to Coal-Fired Plants, Bianet, 02 December 2019.
- TBMM Plan Ve Bütçe Komisyonu, Santrallere Filtre Düzenlemesini Yeniden Görüştü, Meclis Haber, 4 December 2019.
- 5 thermal power plants that did not install filters and did not take flue gas treatment measures were completely closed, BBC, Jan. 2, 2020
- Kangal Termik Santrali'nda üretim sürprizi, Haberturk, Jan. 28, 2020
- Koronavirüs döneminde filtresiz termik santraller kapatılmalı, Cumhuriyet, May 22, 2020
- Isabelle Garretsen, How air pollution exacerbates Covid-19 BBC, Apr. 27, 2020
- Son dakika... Bakan Kurum'dan termik santral açıklaması, Hurriyet, Jun. 8, 2020
- "Kangal Thermal Power Plant" Kangal Termik Santral website, accessed May 2018.
- Communication with CAN Europe
- "Coal & Climate Change - 2017," Önder Algedik, Aug 2017