Kochi-Koottanad-Bangalore-Mangalore Gas Pipeline Phase I

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

The Kochi-Koottanad-Bangalore-Mangalore Gas Pipeline (KKBMPL) Phase I is an operating natural gas pipeline in India.[1][2] It connects to the Kochi-Koottanad-Bangalore-Mangalore Gas Pipeline Phase II which is a 1,063 km pipeline from Kochi, Kerala to Bangalore via Palakkad, with another branch taking it to Mangalore, Karnataka.[2]


The pipeline runs from Kochi port to the FACT fertilizer and chemical plant in Kochi, Kerala.[2][3]

Phase I

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Phase II

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Project Details

Project Details, Phase I

  • Operator: Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL)[2]
  • Parent Company: Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL)[2]
  • Capacity: 16 MMSCMD[3]
  • Length: 44 kilometers / 27.34 miles[3]
  • Status: Operating[4][2]
  • Start Year: 2019[4][2]

Project Details, Phase II

  • Operator: Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL)[2]
  • Parent Company: Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL)[2]
  • Capacity: 16 MMSCMD[3]
  • Length: 1060 kilometers / 658.65 miles[4][3]
  • Status: Construction[4][2]
  • Start Year: 2022[5][2]


The pipeline is owned and operated by Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL).[1] The Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (PNGRB) approved the pipeline in June 2012.[6] In December 2016 the PNGRB issued an extension that gave GAIL until February 2019 to build the pipeline.[7] The project aims at connecting the southern states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Karnataka to the national gas network.

The pipeline is being built in two phases. The first 44-km phase connects Kochi port to the FACT fertilizer and chemical plant in Kochi.[2][3] The second phase would go from there to Bangalore with another branch taking it to Mangalore.[2]

The 450km pipeline stretch between Kochi and Mangalore via Koottanad was successfully completed and commissioned on 23 November, 2020 and the 439 km pipeline segment between Koottanad and Bangalore is under construction.[2] The work on the Koottanad to Bangalore section was delayed due to the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown in the country and the construction works were resumed in April 2020. Work on the Bangalore to Krishnagiri section of the pipeline in Tamilnadu also commenced in May 2020.[4]


Farmers and landowners along the proposed route of the pipeline have expressed concern that it would negatively impact paddy cultivation. On January 30, 2017, farmers staged a 3-hour sit-in on the Palakkad-Ottappalam-Pattambi-Ponnani State highway, and attempted to prevent the offloading of construction equipment in Thanneerkkodu, near Koottanadu.[8] 20 protestors were arrested.[8]

Residents have also criticized the route of the pipeline, which goes through densely populated areas, and complained about the number of people who will be displaced, including an estimated 600 families in Kozhikode, Kerala.[9] “These proposed pipelines are 24 inches in width and the authorities say they will only have right over 10 meters surrounding the pipelines," said PP Cheriya Mohammed, a member of a a group called People's Council. Now there are areas marked for the laying of pipelines that goes between houses which are not even 5 meters apart. Isn’t this common sense? How can the authorities lay pipelines without demolishing these houses?”[9]

Articles and resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 Natural Gas, GAIL (India) Limited, accessed April 2018
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 "Gas pipeline from Kochi to Mangaluru: hurdles crossed, and why it matters". The Indian Express. 2021-01-11. Retrieved 2021-09-02.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Final Terms and Conditions for Acceptance of Central Government Authorization for Laying, Building, Operating, and Expanding Kochi-Koottanad-Bangalore-Mangalore Pipeline Network (PDF). PNGRB. 2012.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Kochi-Koottanad-Bangalore-Mangalore Pipeline Project, NS Energy, accessed Dec. 15, 2020
  5. Kochi Koottanad Bangalore Mangalore Natural Gas Pipeline (KKBMPL) Energy Sector India, accessed February 28, 2020
  6. Kochi-Bangalore gas pipeline project gets regulatory approval Mint, Jun. 12, 2012
  7. GAIL gets 2nd extension for Kochi-Mangalore pipeline India Times, Dec. 12, 2016
  8. 8.0 8.1 Tension at Koottanad over GAIL pipeline project, The Hindu, Jan. 31, 2017
  9. 9.0 9.1 People vs. GAIL: Why a gas project has this Kerala village at the verge of violence, The News Minute, Nov. 5, 2017

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