Northern Italy Pipeline System
|This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
Northern Italy Pipeline System (NIPS) is a North American Treaty Organization (NATO) oil pipeline in Italy.
- Operator: North Atlantic Treaty Organization
- Current capacity:
- Length: 900 km / 559 miles
- Status: Operating
- Start Year:
The NATO Pipeline System (NPS) was set up during the Cold War to supply NATO forces with fuel and it continues to satisfy fuel requirements with the flexibility that today's security environment requires. The NPS links together storage depots, military air bases, civil airports, pumping stations, truck and rail loading stations, refineries and entry/discharge points. It is comprised of two multinational pipeline systems; North European Pipeline System and the Central Europe Pipeline System, and eight national pipeline systems. These include; the Greek Pipeline System (GRPS); the Icelandic Pipeline System (ICPS); the Northern Italy Pipeline System (NIPS); the Norwegian Pipeline System (NOPS); the Portuguese Pipeline System (POPS); the Turkish Pipeline System (TUPS), which comprises two separate pipeline systems known as the Western Turkey Pipeline System and the Eastern Turkey Pipeline System.
Italian press reports in 2019 indicated that two of the pipeline's three underwater segments in the Ligurian Sea near La Spezia were inoperative due to corrosion, while the third had required urgent repairs in 2014. The Italian Air Force has reportedly studied replacing the underwater section of pipeline with a new docking platform that would allow oil to travel above ground.
Articles and resources
- Defense Oil Management Ministry of Defense, accessed August 2018
- "Oleodotto NATO: Il Tracciato". Brescia Oggi. January 8, 2019.
- "Outsourcing e riorganizzazione del servizio Petroleum Oil Lubricants (p. 17)" (PDF). Centro Militare di Studi Strategici, Politecnico di Torino. December 2006.
- NATO Oil Pipeline North Atlantic Treaty Organization, accessed August 2018
- "L'oleodotto Nato fa acqua: scatta l'allerta". Brescia Oggi. January 8, 2019.