Texas LNG Terminal

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

Texas LNG Terminal is a proposed LNG terminal that would be located in the Port of Brownsville in Texas, United States.


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Project Details

  • Operator: Texas LNG Brownsville, LLC
  • Owner: Alder Midstream is majority owner, Samsung Engineering is minority equity owner[1]
  • Location: Brownsville, Texas, United States
  • Coordinates: 25.950835, -97.410844 (approximate)
  • Type: Export[2]
  • Trains: 2[2]
  • Capacity: 4 mtpa (2 mtpa per train)[2]
  • Status: Proposed
  • Start Year: 2022

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day


Texas LNG Terminal is a proposed LNG terminal in the Port of Brownsville, Texas, United States.[3] A final investment decision (FID) for the project is expected in 2018. If the project moves forward, LNG production is expected in 2022.[4]

The draft Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) was issued in October 2018, and the final EIS in March 2019. Based on the FEIS date and timelines of other approved LNG export projects, Texas LNG says it expects to receive its Final FERC Order authorizing construction and operation of its facility in the second half of 2019, in accordance with previously announced recent estimates.[5]

In December of 2019, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) issued a formal approval of the project. FERC also approved, with conditions, the Rio Grande LNG Terminal, the Rio Bravo Gas Pipeline, and the Annova LNG Brownsville Terminal, bringing the total number of FERC-approved project in 2019 to eleven. All three LNG project sponsors have applications pending before the U.S. Department of Energy seeking authorization to export gas to countries without Free Trade Agreements with the United States.[6] In February 2020, the U.S. Department of Energy issued approvals for the three terminals to ship LNG to nations that aren't part of free trade agreements, such as Japan, South Korea and India.[7]

In May 2020, Texas LNG received an air permit approval from the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) which allows construction and operation of the terminal. The company said that this would allow a FID to take place in 2021.[1]

In March 2021, Texas LNG said that the project remained on track for a FID later in the year or early in 2022, despite the company not having secured any firm long-term offtake contracts.[8]


Following the 2019 FERC approval, opponents filed new lawsuits against the three proposed LNG terminals and one proposed gas pipeline in Brownsville, Texas, the Annova LNG Brownsville Terminal, the Rio Grande LNG Terminal, the Texas LNG Terminal, and the Rio Bravo Gas Pipeline. The three suits were filed by local residents, the city of Port Isabel and the Sierra Club. Local shrimpers and fishermen filed a suit against Rio Grande LNG and the Rio Bravo Pipeline in the U.S. Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals, challenging the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers approval of a water permit for the plant and pipeline. The plaintiffs argue that the Corps failed to avoid or mitigate negative impacts to wetlands.[9]

In another filing, the city of Port Isabel, the Sierra Club and two grassroots organizations filed two lawsuits challenging the FERC’s approval of the Annanova LNG and Texas LNG projects. The suits were filed in the U.S. Court of Appeals for D.C. Circuit in Washington, D.C. The suits are asking that the federal permits be reviewed and overturned by a federal judge. The suits argue that FERC’s socioeconomic and environmental justice studies were flawed, as was FERC’s ruling that the LNG facilities are in the public interest. Those groups have a similar lawsuit filed against FERC’s approval of the Rio Grande LNG and Rio Bravo Pipeline. LNG opponents contend that the LNG facilities in Brownsville would create safety and environmental concerns, impact local fishermen, destroy wetlands, threaten wildlife, and hurt tourism. It would also create air pollution problems in the Rio Grande Valley, an impoverished area largely home to traditionally marginalized communities, disproportionately impacting the Latino community, a potential violation of federal law. Port Isabel, a Brownsville neighbor, is opposed to the LNG project and is also party in a separate lawsuit that is pending in Texas courts.[9]

Articles and resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 Texas Commission on Environmental Quality Approves Texas LNG's Air Permit, Texas LNG, May 6, 2020
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Texas LNG Project Overview, accessed July 17, 2019
  3. Port Of Brownsville LNG Export Terminal Project, 10 December 2015, accessed April 2017
  4. Texas LNG Project Overview, accessed June 20, 2017
  5. Texas LNG Project Overview, accessed July 17, 2019
  6. FERC Approves Four LNG Export Projects Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, November 21, 2019
  7. Four LNG projects along Texas coast land non-FTA export permits Houston Chronicle, Feb. 11, 2020
  8. Harry Weber, Annova LNG discontinuing US export project: operator, S&P Global, Mar. 22, 2021
  9. 9.0 9.1 Three lawsuits filed against Brownsville LNG projects Kallanish Energy, March 31, 2020

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