South European Oil Pipeline
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South European Oil Pipeline, also known as Lavera–Karlsruhe pipeline, is an oil pipeline in France, Switzerland, and Germany.
The pipeline runs from Fos-sur-Mer in southern France to the MIRO refinery in Karlsruhe, Germany, traveling north through France's Rhône Valley via Valence, the Feyzin refinery, and the Saint-Quentin-Fallavier storage depot near Lyon, then northeast to the Gennes storage depot near Besançon. From Gennes, a branch pipeline heads east off the main line into Switzerland, terminating at the Cressier refinery near Neuchâtel.
- Operator: Société du pipeline sud-européen (Total SA (35.14%), ExxonMobil (22.00%), Société de Participations dans l'Industrie et le Transport du Pétrole (15.74%), Shell (13.02%), BP (12.10%), Phillips 66 (2.00%))
- Current capacity: 450,000 barrels per day
- Length: 1,831 kilometers
- Status: Operating
- Start Year: 1962
The South European Pipeline (also known as Lavera–Karlsruhe pipeline; French: Pipeline sud-européen) is a crude oil pipeline system in France, Switzerland, and Germany. It is built and operated by Société du pipeline sud-européen (SPSE). The system, which began service in 1962–1963, originally supplied crude oil to refineries in Berre, Feyzin and Reichstett, France, Cressier, Switzerland, and Karlsruhe, Germany.
The main 769 km-long, 34-in pipeline starts in Fos-sur-Mer (Lavera) on the Mediterranean Sea and runs north-northeast through France to Karlsruhe, Germany. It became operational in 1962–1963. The section of the pipeline north of Gennes, France is no longer operational.
Two additional parallel sections of pipeline became operational in 1971–1972: a 714-km long, 40-in pipeline running from Fos-sur-Mer to Strasbourg (Oberhoffen-sur-Moder); and a 260-km-long, 24-in pipeline running from Fos-sur-Mer to Lyon (Feyzin). These latter two pipelines are no longer active.
The pipeline's other active section is an 88-kilometer branch pipeline known as the Oléoduc du Jura Neuchâtelois, which leaves the main pipeline at Gennes, France and continues east to the Cressier refinery near Neuchâtel, Switzerland.
The system includes 12 pumping stations. The system's maximum capacity is 35 million metric tons per year, although the annual capacity actually used is approximately 23 million metric tons per year.
Articles and resources
- "About us – Our network – Management - Shareholders". SPSE (Société du Pipeline Sud Européen). Retrieved 2020-10-02.
- "SPSE Network". SPSE. Retrieved October 2, 2020.
- Beltran, Alan (2010). A Comparative History of National Oil Companies. Peter Lang. p. 33. ISBN 978-90-5201-575-0.
- "Oléoduc sud-européen". Wikipedia. Retrieved October 2, 2020.
- Masseron, Jean (1990). Petroleum economics (4 ed.). Editions TECHNIP. p. 219. ISBN 978-2-7108-0597-7.
- "Oléoduc du Jura Neuchâtelois: Installations techniques". SFPLJ - OJNSA. Retrieved 2020-10-02.
- "A European Dimension. The South European Pipeline". SPSE. Retrieved 2010-02-18.
- IEA (2007). Oil supply security: emergency response of IEA countries 2007. OECD. p. 127. ISBN 978-92-64-04003-8.
Related SourceWatch articles
Wikipedia also has an article on South European Pipeline. This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the GFDL.