Stade Dow power station

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Stade Dow power station is a 157-megawatt (MW) gas-fired power plant in the state of Niedersachsen, Germany.


The map below shows the location of the power station in Stade, the state of Niedersachsen, Germany.

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The power station is located at the site of the Dow chemical plant, owned by by Dow Chemical (USA). A combined cycle gas plant of 157 MW was commissioned at the site in 2015.[1]

A 920 MW coal plant at the site was also proposed previously.[2]

History of the coal plant proposal

Dow Deutschland Anlagengesellschaft mbH (Dow), the German branch of the US chemical group The Dow Chemical Company, was planning the construction and operation of a coal-fired power plant with a rated electrical output of up to 920 megawatts and a thermal output of up to 2100 megawatts at its chemical plant in Stade starting in 2008. The power plant was projected to have an electrical efficiency of approx. 45 percent. Steam extraction (combined heat and power generation) was projected to result in an overall efficiency of approximately 58 percent.[3]

The power plant was part of an "integrated energy concept" for the Stade chemical plant, which was intended to ensure the plant's long-term supply of electricity and steam. In addition to imported[4] hard coal, the power plant would also burn natural gas and biomass and use hydrogen as an energy source.[5]

The electricity not required for production was to be fed into the public grid. The information on how much this would have been varies between two-thirds[6] of the electricity produced and, at times, all of the total output.[7] Dow had looked for another partner to market the surplus electricity. In June 2009, the initially intended partner EnBW[8] withdrew from the project for economic reasons.[9] No new partner has been named since then.

Commissioning was planned for 2014.[10] The planning process began in June 2012.[11] After almost 10,000 citizens had submitted objections to the development plan by 25 March 2013, it was revised and made public again.[12]

In July 2014, the city council of Stade approved the construction of the power plant by amending the land use and development plan. Dow did not apply for any permits. A norm control action against the development plan filed in October 2015 by an alliance of BUND, NABU, Greenpeace and several citizens' initiatives failed in September 2017 before the Lüneburg Higher Administrative Court.[13]

In March 2018, a local resident filed a complaint against the verdict in alliance with Greenpeace and other environmental groups. The Federal Administrative Court in Leipzig then had to decide on an appeal.[14]

The recommendations for a coal phaseout in Germany by 2038 said no new coal projects should go online;[15] presumably, once the phaseout is legislated, the proposed coal plant will be cancelled. The phaseout was finalized by the German parliament on July 3, 2020.[16]


Dow's power plant project has been criticized by citizens' initiatives and environmental organisations. According to calculations by Deutsche Umwelthilfe, carbon dioxide emissions at the Stade chemical plant would increase considerably as a result of the new coal-fired power plant, whereas they could be massively reduced by the construction of an expanded gas-fired power plant. In addition, coal is no longer a competitive energy source, according to Dow; a coal-fired power plant is therefore neither justified to secure electricity supply nor to safeguard competitiveness.[17]

Gas Plant Details

  • Sponsor: Dow Deutschland Anlagengesellschaft mbH[1]
  • Parent company:
  • Location: Stade, the state of Niedersachsen, Germany
  • Coordinates: 53.6535, 9.4944 (exact)[18]
  • Gross generating capacity (operating): 157 MW

Project Details of proposed coal plant

  • Sponsor: Dow Deutschland Anlagengesellschaft mbH
  • Parent company: Dow Chemical
  • Developer:
  • Location: Stade, Lower Saxony, Germany
  • Coordinates: 53.636798, 9.507176 (exact)
  • Status: Cancelled
  • Capacity: 920 MW
  • Start date:
  • Type: Supercritical
  • Coal Type: Bituminous
  • Coal Source: Imported
  • Source of financing:

Articles and Resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Kraftwerksliste, ID BNA0918b Bundesnetzagentur (German Federal Network Agency), version from August 2019
  2. "Germany's hard coal-fired newbuild electricity projects uncertain" ICICHeren, August 17, 2012.
  3. "Antwort auf die mündliche Anfrage zum Bau des Steinkohlekraftwerks in Stade," Niedersachsen, May 31, 2013
  4. "Atomausstieg – Neue Steinkohlekraftwerke in Stade," HAZ, June 3, 2011
  5. "19379 Broschüre Energiekonzept Version 17b," Dow Chemical, January 2013
  6. "Warum das Kohlekraftwerksprojekt von Dow in Stade weder umwelt- noch klimaverträglich noch alternativlos ist, Deutsche Umwelthilfe, Feb 25, 2013
  7. "Antwort auf die mündliche Anfrage zum Bau des Steinkohlekraftwerks in Stade," Niedersachsen, May 31, 2013
  8. "PiE’s new power plant project tracker – April 2008", Power in Europe, Issue 523, April 7, 2008, page 22.
  9. "EnBW baut in Stade kein Kohle-Kraftwerk mit Dow,", Jun 12, 2009
  10. "Neue Steinkohlekraftwerke in Stade und Wilhelmshaven geplant," HAZ, Jun 3, 2011
  11. "Integriertes Energiekonzept," Dow in Deutschland, accessed May 2018
  12. "Runde zwei für das Kraftwerk - Stade," kreiszeitung-wochenblatt, Nov 19, 2013
  13. "Kohlekraftwerk in Stade darf gebaut werden," NDR, Sep 28, 2017
  14. "Juristischer Streit um Kohlekraftwerk Stade geht in nächste Runde," Presseportal, Mar 19, 2018
  15. "Germany to close all 84 of its coal-fired power plants, will rely primarily on renewable energy," LA Times, Jan 26, 2019
  16. Deutsche Welle (2020-07-03). "Germany approves coal phaseout by 2038". DW.COM. Retrieved 2020-07-07.
  17. "Warum das Kohlekraftwerksprojekt von Dow in Stade weder umwelt- noch klimaverträglich noch alternativlos ist,"] Deutsche Umwelthilfe, Feb 25, 2013
  18. Google Maps accessed January 2020
  19. FRESNA (FIAS Renewable Energy Systems & Network Analysis) version 4.1 (July 2019)