Talcahuano LNG Terminal
|This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
Talcahuano LNG Terminal, known locally as the Terminal Marítimo GNL Talcahuano, is a proposed LNG import terminal in the Bay of Concepción, Chile.
The proposed terminal would be located offshore in the Bay of Concepción, Chile, 4 kilometers from the Isla de los Reyes coastline.
- Owner: Inversiones GNL Talcahuano SpA
- Location: 4 km offshore from Isla de los Reyes, Bay of Concepción, Chile
- Coordinates: -36.718357, -73.102769 (approximate)
- Capacity: 8.5 mcm/d (3.1 bcm/y)
- Status: Proposed
- Type: Import
- Start Year: 2022
Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day
Talcahuano LNG Terminal is a proposed marine LNG facility that would allow the import, storage and regasification of LNG transported by carrier ships. Gas from the terminal would be dispatched through a flexible underwater gas pipeline into the existing Gasoducto del Pacífico pipeline, which is the hub of the Biobío Region's natural gas network, enabling distribution companies to deliver natural gas to their clients. The proposed terminal would have an approximate storage capacity of 100,000 m3 of LNG and a maximum regasification capacity of 8.5 million m3/day. The terminal's proposed location is about 4 kilometers offshore from the Isla de los Reyes coastline. The proposed design does not use a jetty connection to land. The LNG regasification process is to be carried out using vaporizer technology with a closed fresh water-glycol cycle, free from the use of seawater.
In 2017 the project won approval on a unanimous vote by the Chilean environmental agency SEA (Servicio de Evaluación Ambiental), with the provision that construction must begin within five years. The approval came despite strong opposition from local mussel fishermen, nine of whose representatives were arrested after being ejected from the hearing, and from Talcahuano's mayor, who promised to continue fighting the project, citing its uncertain impact on the environment and the local tourist industry.
Chilean pipeline operator Gasoducto del Pacífico granted a connection feasibility certificate to the Talcahuano terminal in 2011, allowing gas from the proposed terminal to be distributed via the existing Gasoducto del Pacífico pipeline network. However, in 2017 the general manager of Innergy, a company that promotes sales of Argentine gas through the same pipeline, expressed doubts about the validity of the 2011 certificate, a position that was apparently backed by Gasoducto del Pacífico, leaving the Talcahuano terminal project in limbo.
In 2019, lawyers for the Talcahuano terminal filed an appeal for legal protection against Gasoducto del Pacífico, claiming that Innergy and Gasoducto del Pacífico were improperly disregarding the 2011 certificate and effectively colluding to prevent Terminal Marítimo GNL Talcahuano from connecting to the Pacífico pipeline. An appeals court denied the appeal, but in August 2020 this decision was overturned by Chile's Supreme Court, paving the way for the terminal project to proceed.
Following the August Supreme Court decision and a September 2020 ruling by the Environmental Court of Valdivia that rejected several objections to the project on environmental grounds, officials of GNL Talcahuano announced that construction of the terminal would begin in March 2021, with a projected cost of US$160 million and commercial start-up date in the second half of 2022.
Articles and resources
- Terminal Marítimo GNL Talcahuano GNLT, accessed April 2021
- Investment Projects LNG Latin America, accessed March 31, 2021
- "Terminal gasífero GNL Talcahuano iniciaría obras en marzo de 2021". Fundación Terram. September 9, 2020.
- "Las obras de la terminal GNL Talcahuano se iniciarán en marzo de 2021". Logi News. September 10, 2020.
- "Aprueban proyecto GNL Talcahuano con votación unánime". Revista Electricidad. July 25, 2017.
- Javier Ochoa,Gasoducto del Pacífico mantiene en vilo a proyecto GNL Talcahuano Diario Concepcion, June 4, 2019
- "Corte Suprema de Chile obliga a Gasoducto del Pacífico a dar respuesta fundada a GNL Talcahuano para no aceptar conexión". GNL Global. August 10, 2020.
- "Tribunal Ambiental de Valdivia rechaza tres reclamaciones contra GNL Talcahuano". Tercer Tribunal Ambiental de Chile. September 5, 2020.