Cosan FSRU

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This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

Cosan FSRU, also known as Terminal de Regaseificação de São Paulo (TRSP), is an LNG terminal under construction in the state of São Paulo, Brazil.


The proposed terminal will be a floating storage and regasification unit (FSRU) moored in the Lago do Caneú, near Ilha dos Bagres in the city of Santos, São Paulo, Brazil.[1]

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Project Details

  • Terminal Operator: Terminal de Regaseificação de São Paulo, SA (TRSP SA)[2]
  • Terminal Owner: Compass Gás & Energia (Grupo Cosan)[2][3][4]
  • Terminal parent company: Compass Gás & Energia (Grupo Cosan)
  • Vessel Name: Höegh Giant[5]
  • Vessel Owner: Höegh LNG[3]
  • Location: Santos, São Paulo state, Brazil
  • Coordinates: -23.911938, -46.342196 (approximate)
  • Capacity: 3.78 Mtpa[4][6]
  • Status: Construction[4][7]
  • Type: Import
  • Start Year: 2023[4][5][8][9][10]
  • Financing:

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day


The Cosan LNG terminal will comprise a 14 MMcmd FSRU (floating supply and regasification unit) attached to a fixed terminal in a ship-to-ship configuration near the city of Santos, Brazil. An 8.5-kilometer pipeline will connect the terminal to Comgás's main distribution network at Cubatão, allowing for diversification of the region's gas supply.[6][11]

The project is being developed by Grupo Cosan, the majority owner of Brazil's largest gas distributor, São Paulo-based Comgás.[6][11] Comgás was originally listed as the owner of the project, but control was subsequently handed over to Terminal de Regaseificação de São Paulo, SA, a separate subsidiary of Grupo Cosan, to avoid regulatory conflicts.[2]

São Paulo's state Secretary of Infrastructure and the Environment approved the project in April 2019[1], and the terminal received its preliminary license in May 2019 from the state environmental authority CETESB (Companhia Ambiental do Estado de São Paulo).[2]

Construction of the Cosan terminal began in August 2021.[3][7] In December 2021 Höegh LNG Holdings signed a 10-year charter to dock its Höegh Gannet FSRU at the terminal.[3]

In May 2022, Cosan's CEO Luís Henrique Guimarães confirmed that the project was on track to begin commercial operations in the first half of 2023.[9]

In February 2023, Höegh LNG confirmed that its vessel Höegh Giant would be deployed to Brazil in the second quarter of 2023 to begin service at the Cosan terminal.[12] Höegh LNG has a 10-year contract to operate at the terminal.[13]

In a May 2023 teleconference with investors, Cosan acknowledged that the terminal's timeline had slipped due to challenges encountered while drilling to connect gas pipelines to the terminal; officials stated that start-up of commercial operations would be delayed until the second half of 2023, with subsequent ramp-up scheduled to continue into 2024.[8]


Environmentalists have warned of several potential dangers posed by the new terminal, including explosions, fires, and damage to mangrove swamps and local marine life.[14]

Articles and resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Aprovado EIA-Rima para terminal de GNL da Comgás". Abegás. May 2, 2019.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Terminais de GNL no Brasil (pp 25-26)" (PDF). EPE (Empresa de Pesquisa Energética). October 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Höegh LNG charters FSRU to Compass' Brazilian LNG terminal". Offshore Energy. December 28, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "2023 World LNG Report (p 155)". IGU. July 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Hoegh LNG to send FSRU to Brazil in second quarter". LNG Prime. February 23, 2023.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Terminais de Regaseificação de GNL no Brasil: Panorama dos Principais Projetos (pp 21-23)" (PDF). EPE (Empresa de Pesquisa Energética). August 30, 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Compass inicia construção do Terminal de Regaseificação de São Paulo". Canal Energia. August 4, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. 8.0 8.1 "1Q23 Teleconference Transcripst - Cosan Earnings Results". Cosan. May 16, 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Crise dos preços do GNL não prejudica terminal de São Paulo, diz Cosan". Agência epbr. May 16, 2022.
  10. "Novos supridores de gás já têm mais de 10 milhões de m³/dia contratados". EPBR. May 31, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Brazil prepares for a new phase of investments in LNG terminals". LNG Latin America & the Caribbean. Retrieved 2021-04-24.
  12. "Hoegh LNG to send FSRU to Brazil in second quarter". LNG Prime. February 23, 2023.
  13. "GIIGNL Annual Report 2023 (p 54)" (PDF). GIIGNL. July 13, 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  14. "Governo de SP aprova terminal da Comgás com potencial explosivo". Rede Brasil Atual. September 4, 2019.

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External resources

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