Tigyit power station

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Tigyit power station is an operating power station of at least 120-megawatts (MW) in Piinlaung Township, Taunggyi, Shan, Myanmar. It is also known as Tikyit, Tayyit, or Takyit power station.


Table 1: Project-level location details

Plant name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Tigyit power station Piinlaung Township, Taunggyi, Shan, Myanmar 20.431292, 96.703524 (exact)

The map below shows the exact location of the power station.

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Unit-level coordinates (WGS 84):

  • Unit 1, Unit 2: 20.431292, 96.703524

Project Details

Table 2: Unit-level details

Unit name Status Fuel(s) Capacity (MW) Technology Start year Retired year
Unit 1 operating coal - unknown 60 subcritical 2004
Unit 2 operating coal - unknown 60 subcritical 2005

Table 3: Unit-level ownership and operator details

Unit name Owner
Unit 1 Wuxi Huagaung Electric Power [100.0%]
Unit 2 Wuxi Huagaung Electric Power [100.0%]

Project-level captive use details

  • Captive industry use (heat or power): iron & steel
  • Captive industry: Power


The Tigyit power station (also known as the Tikyit, Tayyit, or Takyit power plant) is the only non-captive operating coal-fired power station in Myanmar. The Pa’O Youth Organization reported that "in September 2001 the regime’s Vice-Senior General Maung Aye arrived and chose the place for the power plant, instructing local military to confiscate over 100 acres of local farm lands. No compensation was provided. China National Heavy Machinery Corporation and Eden Group of Myanmar built the plant under the supervision of the Energy Ministry. Construction began in September 2002 and was completed in April 2005." Operations began in 2005, under the management of China National Heavy Machinery Corporation, with local companies Eden Group and Shan Yoma Nagar. [1]

The plant has two 60 megawatt generating units and "produces 600 gigawatt hours (Gwh) electricity annually, using 640,000 tons of coal per year from the Tigyit coal mine just one and a half miles away. The electricity is transmitted to a substation in Kalaw. According to Mizzima News, 65 MW of the electricity is slated for transmission to the Pinpet iron factory ... The plant also exports electricity to the nearby Nagar cement plant."[1]

The plant was temporarily closed in 2014 when it ignored a waste management request issued by the Ministry of Electricity and Energy. The request was issued after the ministry received reports about the impact of waste from the plant on the surrounding environment. In 2015, the plant was granted a 22-year license to recommence operations after it pledged to upgrade the plant and conduct the necessary waste management procedures.[2]

In April 2016, it was reported that China’s Wuxi Huagaung Electric Power Engineering was upgrading the Tigyit power station. A tender to operate the coal-fired power plant under build-operate-transfer terms was issued in 2015 and Wuxi Huagaung was selected as the winner.[3]

Operation at the plant restarted in 2017. In August 2019, the central government voted to extend the operation period of the plant for three more years (until 2022). Locals protested the decision, saying the plant had exceeded the land use limits placed on its mining and operation, and built up piles of coal waste polluting local water and agricultural lands.[4][5]

In response to local reports of the plant exceeding land use specifications, severely polluting the local environment, and jeopardizing health and livelihoods, members of the Myanmar parliament introduced a measure to shutter the plant. In May 2020, Myanmar’s government rejected the proposal.[6]

The Myanmar Alliance for Transparency and Accountability (MATA) followed up by released a statement in response, condemning parliamentary comments and accusing the government of ignoring existing laws and regulations on the matter. The group cited wastewater and ash from the plant as degrading air and water, and thereby impacting the health and livelihoods of local people in the area — consequences which it said that the government was allowing to continue.[7]

In July 2021, Mongabay published a detailed article about the impacts of the power station titled "Ethnic communities in Myanmar opposing a coal plant see their fight get harder."[8][9]

China is behind the power station, which was "constructed in co-operation with military-linked businessmen on land expropriated from indigenous communities." The power station is contested by local people, as well as environmentalists, due to alleged pollution and health problems it causes.[10]

Ownership background

According to a 2021 article in the South China Morning Post, the Tigyit coal-fired power station, Myanmar’s largest, is run by a joint venture between the China National Heavy Machinery Corporation and a group of Myanmar businessmen affiliated with the generals behind the February 1, 2021 coup d'état.[11]

Corruption allegations

In April 2022, the president of the Eden Group conglomerate and his son were arrested after allegedly being involved in corruption while running the Tigyit power station from 2018 to 2021. They faced up to 15 years in prison for 25.3 billion kyat ($13.6 million USD) of losses from the power station.[12]

Articles and Resources


Additional data

To access additional data, including an interactive map of coal-fired power stations, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Plant Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.