Turów power station
|This article is part of the CoalSwarm coverage of Poland and coal.|
The Turów power station is a 1,948-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station in Bogatynia, Poland operated by state-owned Polska Grupa Energetyczna.
The plant's retired units 7-10 were replaced by a new Unit 7 commissioned in May 2021.
The satellite photo below shows the power station in Bogatynia.
Background on existing station
The plant consisted of ten 200 MW units, commissioned from 1962 to 1971. PGE undertook a US$1.6 billion modernization of units 1-6 of the plant in the early 1990s. Units 7-10 have been phased out. Unit 7 was retired in 2003. In 2010, Unit 8 was retired. Units 9 and 10 were decommissioned in 2012-2013. PGE has repowered Units 5 and 6 to co-incinerate biomass, and plans for co-firing of biomass in boilers 1, 2, 3, and 4. Units 1, 2, and 3 have been upgraded from 200 MW to 235 MW each. The plant's remaining six units had a combined capacity of 1,305 MW as of 2014. As of 2022, the original units are believed to have the following capacity:
- Unit 1: 235 MW
- Unit 2: 235 MW
- Unit 3: 235 MW
- Unit 4: 261 MW
- Unit 5: 261 MW
- Unit 6: 261 MW
New Unit 7R
In June 2013, PGE announced a tender for the construction of a new unit at Turów power plant. The new block was expected to replace the three oldest energy blocks, 8,9 and 10, which were being decommissioned. Completion of the construction and commission of the new unit were scheduled for 2018. PGE described the new unit as 460 MW in a 2012 presentation, but later described it as 450 MW in size.
In March 2014, PGE picked a consortium led by Hitachi Power Europe and comprising MHPS Europe, Tecnicas Reunidas and Budimex to build the new coal-fired unit at a price of $1.07 billion. Budimex said that work would take 56 months from the start of construction.
In July 2014, PGE signed a contract with Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems to build a 450-MW lignite-fueled plant at Turów using ultra-supercritical technology. The construction was planned to start in 2015 and was expected to be completed within four years.
Construction began in December 2014.
In November 2020, PGE said the new unit was undergoing synchronization, and was now planned for operation on April 30, 2021.
In May 2021, PGE commissioned the new 450 to 496 MW unit, depending on accounts, at the plant.
More than PLN 4.3 billion were allocated for the construction of the New Unit 7. At the time of commissioning, prices were at a record high of more than 53 euros per ton of CO2. According to advocates, "The annual carbon footprint of the new unit is comparable to the carbon footprint of nine million air travelers between Warsaw and Athens (back and forth) or the annual mileage of two and a half million passenger cars." In addition, immediately after being commissioned, the unit failed to operate at full power and had to be turned off: the first unit closure happened just 15 days after its formal opening. In addition, in June 2021, the unit was shut down for more than a month, only to be shut down again in October 2021. The unit provides both heat and power.
Other proposed coal projects
In 2012, PGE Group said it was considering building lignite mines and power plants in the Lubuskie region, Western Poland, in a long term perspective, as the deposits of its current mine in Turow would likely be depleted within 30 years. PGE held permits to explore lignite deposits in the region.
Additional information is available at the Turów coal mine wiki page.
Project Details of Unit 7R
- Sponsor: PGE
- Parent company:
- Developer: Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems Europe, Tecnicas Reunidas, and Budimex
- Location: Bogatynia, Gmina Bogatynia, Zgorzelec county, Dolnośląskie, Poland
- Coordinates: 50.94861,14.91305 (exact)
- Status: Operating
- Capacity: 460 to 496 MW
- Type: Ultra-Supercritical
- Start date: 2021
- Coal Type: Lignite
- Coal Source: Turów coal mine
- Source of financing: NIB Bank
Articles and resources
- "Dodgy Deal: Turów coal power plant," Banktrack report, last updated Mar 20, 2014
- "Coal Exit Tracker," Europe Beyond Coal, accessed February 2022
- "Coal-Fired Plants Financed by International Public Investment Institutions Since 1994", Appendix to Foreclosing the Future: Coal, Climate and International Public Finance: Investment in coal-fired power plants hinders the fight against global warming, Environmental Defense, April 2009.
- "Budujemy wartośd i bezpieczną przyszłośd: Strategia Grupy PGE na lata 2012 - 2035," PGE, 2012
- "PGE signs new contract for 450 MW Turow thermal project (Poland)," Energy News, July 21, 2014
- "Power in Europe," Platts report, Issue 675, April 28, 2014 (subscription only).
- "Energy security – new investment projects [Poland under construction,"] premiere.gov.pl, Dec. 4, 2014
- "Gigantyczny element nowego bloku już w Elektrowni Turów," powiatzgorzelecki, July 17, 2017
- "Poland's PGE positions for renewables growth, reiterates need for coal spinoff," S&P, May 27, 2020
- "Management Board’s report on activities of the PGE Capital Group for the 3-month and 9-month period: ended September 30, 2020," PGE, November 17, 2020
- "Blok w Elektrowni Turów oddany do eksploatacji," Zgorzelec, May 14, 2021
- "The power plant," Stop Turow, accessed February 2022
- "Power Unit 7 in Turów. Will there be further shutdowns?," Stop Turow, accessed January 2022
- "Turów: Trójstyk granic – węglowe wyzwanie przekuć w rozwój regionu," July 26, 2021
- "PGE likely to turn to lignite business," The Warsaw Voice, Feb. 6, 2012.