Ulaanbaatar Thermal Power Plant No. 4

From Global Energy Monitor

Ulaanbaatar Thermal Power Plant No. 4, also known as Power Plant Four, is a combined heating and power plant with 789 MW electrical capacity, located in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.

Location

The satellite photo below shows the plant in Bayangol District, Ulaanbaatar.

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Background

The first six units of the power station have capacities of 80 to 110 MW each, and were built between 1981 and 1989. The units supply 70 percent of the power and 60 percent of the heat for Ulaanbaatar. Germany’s KfW funded the refurbishment of four of the power station's six Russian-made turbines.[1][2]

In 2015, a new 125 MW unit was added with a $40 million loan from Japan’s Bank for International Cooperation.[3][4][5]

Expansion

The foundation for a new 210 MW addition began on June 14, 2012,[6] but was never completed.

Modernization & capacity increase

In accordance with an intergovernmental agreement between Mongolia and the Russian Federation, four turbo-generators at Ulaanbaatar Thermal Power Plant No. 4 were upgraded and connected to the Central Energy System for a total of US$93 million. As a result of the expansion, the installed capacity of the coal-fired thermal power plant reportedly increased by 89 MW to 789 MW.[7]

Opposition

In January 2017, an estimated 7,000 people wore air masks and gas masks underneath thick winter hats in subzero temperatures to protest the Ulaanbaatar power plant in Mongolia. They held black balloons and protest signs that said, “Wake up and smell the smog.” UNICEF even reported in 2016 that “Ulaanbaatar was one of the 10 most polluted cities in the world,” with children suffering lung issues.[8]

In June 2017, the CEE Bankwatch Network also released a report, urging Mongolia to rethink its energy sector in Ulaanbaatar. Citing high risks for pollution and respiration issues, Bankwatch urged civil societies to engage with national decision-makers to demand current energy and infrastructure policies be strategic environmental assessments.[9]

On January 10, 2019, more than 20,000 Mongolians stood in bone-chilling cold to rail against their government in Sukhbaatar square in the center of the capital. They protested against the horrendous air quality in Ulaanbaatar, since citizens are forced to burn coal for heat in villages. Citizens cite political corruption as a reason for the persistent lack of action by the government.[10]

Project Details

  • Sponsor: Thermal Power Plant-4 SSH Co.
  • Parent company:
  • Location: Bayangol District, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Coordinates: 47.8938, 106.8036 (exact)
  • Status: Operating
  • Gross Capacity: Units 1-7: 695 MW (3 x 80 MW, 3 x 110 MW, 1 x 125 MW)
  • Type: Subcritical
  • Start year: 1981-2015
  • Coal Type: Sub-bituminous
  • Coal Source:
  • Source of financing:

Project Details of proposed unit

  • Sponsor: Thermal Power Plant-4 SSH Co.
  • Parent company:
  • Location: Bayangol District, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Coordinates: 47.8938, 106.8036 (exact)
  • Status: Cancelled
  • Gross Capacity: 210 MW (Unit 8)
  • Type: Subcritical
  • Start year:
  • Coal Type: Sub-bituminous
  • Coal Source:
  • Source of financing:

Articles and resources

References

Related GEM.wiki articles

External resources