Mitchell Steam Generating Plant (Georgia)
Mitchell Steam Electric Generating Plant was a 218.2-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station operated by Georgia Power near Albany, Georgia.
Image below shows the location of the Mitchell plant in process of removal.
- Owner: Georgia Power Company
- Parent Company: Southern Company
- Plant Nameplate Capacity: 218.2 MW (Megawatts)
- Units and In-Service Dates: Unit 1: 27.5 MW (1948), Unit 2: 27.5 MW (1948), Unit 3: 163.2 MW (1964)
- Location: 5200 Radium Springs Rd., Albany, GA 31705
- GPS Coordinates: 31.444556, -84.136722
- Technology: Subcritical
- Coal type: Sub Bituminous
- Coal Consumption:
- Coal Sources:
- Number of Employees:
- Unit Retirements: Units 1 and 2 retired in 2002, Unit 3 retired in 2016.
Conversions and retirements
On March 19, 2009, the Georgia Public Service Commission approved a request from Georgia Power to convert the coal-fired power plant to burn woody biomass. When the transition is completed, Mitchell will be the first biomass plant in the fleet of Georgia Power's parent Southern Company and "the largest biomass facility in the United States," according to Southern COO Tom Fanning.
In January 2014 Georgia Power said the company is canceling a 2008 proposal to convert Plant Mitchell Unit 3 from a coal-fired unit to biomass and plans to file a request with the Georgia Public Service Commission (PSC) to decertify the 155-MW unit. If the decertification is approved, it will be retired by April 16, 2015, which is the compliance date of the United States Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Mercury and Air Toxics Standards (MATS) Rule.
- 2006 CO2 Emissions: 679,638 tons
- 2006 SO2 Emissions:
- 2006 SO2 Emissions per MWh:
- 2006 NOx Emissions:
- 2005 Mercury Emissions:
Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from Mitchell Plant
In 2010, Abt Associates issued a study commissioned by the Clean Air Task Force, a nonprofit research and advocacy organization, quantifying the deaths and other health effects attributable to fine particle pollution from coal-fired power plants. Fine particle pollution consists of a complex mixture of soot, heavy metals, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides. Among these particles, the most dangerous are those less than 2.5 microns in diameter, which are so tiny that they can evade the lung's natural defenses, enter the bloodstream, and be transported to vital organs. Impacts are especially severe among the elderly, children, and those with respiratory disease. The study found that over 13,000 deaths and tens of thousands of cases of chronic bronchitis, acute bronchitis, asthma, congestive heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, dysrhythmia, ischemic heart disease, chronic lung disease, and pneumonia each year are attributable to fine particle pollution from U.S. coal plant emissions. These deaths and illnesses are major examples of coal's external costs, i.e. uncompensated harms inflicted upon the public at large. Low-income and minority populations are disproportionately impacted as well, due to the tendency of companies to avoid locating power plants upwind of affluent communities. To monetize the health impact of fine particle pollution from each coal plant, Abt assigned a value of $7,300,000 to each 2010 mortality, based on a range of government and private studies. Valuations of illnesses ranged from $52 for an asthma episode to $440,000 for a case of chronic bronchitis.
Table 1: Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from Mitchell Plant
|Type of Impact||Annual Incidence||Valuation|
|Asthma ER visits||10||$4,000|
Source: "Find Your Risk from Power Plant Pollution," Clean Air Task Force interactive table, accessed February 2011
House Bill 276, proposed by Margaret Oliver (D-Decatur), would put a 5-year moratorium on building new coal plants and eliminate the burning of Appalachian coal mined by mountaintop removal by mid-2016. The Appalachian Mountain Preservation Act would gradually prohibit Georgia coal consumers from using Central Appalachian mountaintop removal beginning in 2011. The bill is backed by environmental groups including Appalachian Voices but received strong opposition from POWER4Georgians, a coalition of 10 electric co-operatives seeking to build a $2 billion 850-megawatt supercritical coal plant in Washington County.
- Fall-line Alliance for Clean Environment
- Focus the Nation
- Friends of the Chattahoochee
- Sierra Club Georgia Chapter
- Co-op Conversations Georgia
- Cobb Alliance for Smart Energy
Articles and Resources
- "Preliminary Monthly Electric Generator Inventory" eia.gov, 860m March 2020
- Joseph Romm, Biomassive plans: Southern Company embraces the only affordable way to 'capture' emissions at a coal plant today, Grist, March 19, 2009.
- "Georgia Power to cancel conversion, file decertification for Plant Mitchell Unit 3," Power Engineering, Jan 10, 2014.
- "The Toll from Coal: An Updated Assessment of Death and Disease from America's Dirtiest Energy Source," Clean Air Task Force, September 2010.
- "Technical Support Document for the Powerplant Impact Estimator Software Tool," Prepared for the Clean Air Task Force by Abt Associates, July 2010
- "Georgia bill proposes moratorium on new coal plants," Reuters, February 4, 2009.
- Margaret Newkirk, "Bill would restrict coal power plants," Atlanta Journal-Constitution, February 4, 2009.
- Existing Electric Generating Units in the United States, 2005, Energy Information Administration, accessed Jan. 2009.
- Environmental Integrity Project, "Dirty Kilowatts: America’s Most Polluting Power Plants", July 2007.
- Facility Registry System, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, accessed Jan. 2009.
- Carbon Monitoring for Action database, accessed Feb. 2009.
Related GEM.wiki articles
- Existing U.S. Coal Plants
- Coal plant conversion projects
- Georgia and coal
- Southern Company
- United States and coal
- Global warming