Çatalağzı power station

From Global Energy Monitor

Çatalağzı power station (ÇATES) is a 314-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power plant in Kilimli, Zonguldak province, Turkey.[1] CATES-A, which contained 6 units with a total capacity of 120 MW was retired in 1988. CATES-B, with a capacity of 314 MW, is still operating. An additional 660MW unit and port have been proposed. As of August 2018 the EIA report of the proposed unit is still being developed.[2]

Location

The undated satellite photo below shows the retired CATES-A to the southwest and the operating CATES-B to the northeast, near Kilimli in Zonguldak province.

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Background

CATES-A was built in 1948 and comprises 6 units, each 20 MW in size, which were retired in 1988.[3] CATES-B with 314 MW capacity was commissioned in 1989 (Unit 1) and 1991 (Unit 2).[4]

On 22 December 2014, CATES-B was privatized and taken over by Bereket Enerji.[5] The Turkish government opened a bidding process to find a company to take over the power plant. Bereket's subsidiary Elsan Elektrik submitted a US$350 million bid, which only won after the leading bidder, Demir Madencilik, withdrew its US$351 million bid.[6] Elsan Elektrik created a new corporate entity called Çates Elektrik Üretim AŞ to manage the power station's operations.[7]

In January 2017, protesters stopped the EIA assessment meeting for a new 660 MW unit. However, in August 2018 an EIA assessment meeting was held to consider the expansion, which would burn imported coal[8] and still, no official update was made.[2]

Environmental impact

In February 2019 the Right to Clean Air Platform-Turkey, a coalition of 17 professional organizations and NGOs, successfully campaigned to stop the Turkish Parliament from delaying proper air pollution filtration system and infrastructure requirements for old privatised coal plants until 2021, including ÇATES.[9] The delay would have allowed ÇATES to continue to operate without a modern dust, desulphurization and denitrification system.[10] [11] In November 2019 the Turkish Parliament approved the bill.[12] However on Dec. 2, 2019 President and Justice and Development Party (AKP) Chair Recep Tayyip Erdoğan vetoed the bill and said this veto was motivated by "environmental sensitivity".[13]

As a result, CATES and the other privatised coal power plants that have not completed the required infrastructure including filtration system must complete these requirements beginning Jan. 1, 2020 or these plants will face closure and/or fines.[14] In January 2020 the plant was one of five plants closed by the government under Environmental Law 2872 for failing to install a more effective air filtration system. The other closed plants were Afşin-Elbistan A, Kütahya Tunçbilek, Sivas Kangal and Kütahya Seyitömer.[15] As of May 2020 the plant was still waiting for permission for the government to resume operating.[16] In May 2020 Greenpeace applied to the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization to keep CATES closed and to shut down nine other plants not in compliance with Environmental Law 2872 due to the Covid-19 pandemic and the correlation between fine particulate pollution and higher mortality rates from Covid-19.[17][18][17] In June 2020 the plant's two units were declared in compliance with the new filter requirement and were cleared to resume operating with a one-year temporary license.[19]

Project Details of CATES-B

  • Sponsor: Çates Elektrik Üretim AŞ
  • Parent company: Bereket Enerji
  • Location: Kilimli, Çatalağzı, Zonguldak province, Turkey
  • Coordinates: 41.517402, 31.900198 (exact)
  • Status: Operating
  • Gross capacity: 314 MW (Units 1 & 2: 157 MW)
  • Type: Subcritical
  • Start year: 1989 (Unit 1), 1991 (Unit 2)
  • Coal type: anthracite (local hard coal)[3]
  • Coal source: 80% domestic, 20% imported
  • Source of financing:

Project Details for proposed expansion

  • Sponsor:
  • Parent company: Bereket Enerji
  • Location: Kilimli, Çatalağzı, Zonguldak province, Turkey
  • Coordinates: 41.517402, 31.900198 (exact)
  • Status: Pre-permit development
  • Detailed Status: EIA submitted January 2017
  • Gross capacity: 660 MW[20]
  • Type:
  • Projected in service:
  • Coal type:
  • Coal source: Imported
  • Source of financing:
  • WRI ID: WRI1018718
  • EBC ID: TR-13

Articles and resources

References

  1. "Çatalağzı Lignite Power Plant", Bereket Enerji website, accessed Mar 2018.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Zonguldak ili Kilimli ilçesindeki duyuru," Zonguldak Çevre ve Şehircilik İl Müdürlüğü website, 26 July 2018.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Catalagzi Coal Power Plant Turkey," Global Energy Observatory, accessed March 2017
  4. "Çatalağzı Termik Santrali," Wikipedia Turkey, accessed March 2018.
  5. Bereket Enerji, Çatalağzı Santrali`ni de devraldı, Enerji Günlüğü, 23 December 2014.
  6. ÇATES from its foundation to the present, Pusula, Jan. 2, 2020
  7. Bereket Enerji, Çatalağzı Santrali`ni de devraldı Kaynak: Bereket Enerji, Çatalağzı Santrali`ni de devraldı, Enerji Gunlugu, Dec. 23, 2014
  8. EIA report of CATES additional capacity, Çevresel Etki Değerlendirmesi, İzin Ve Denetim Genel Müdürlüğü website, Dec. 26, 2016
  9. Step forward for health protection in Turkey: Proposal to extend the pollution exemptions given to privatised coal power plants withdrawn, Health And Environment Alliance, Feb. 15, 2019
  10. Communication with HEAL, December 2019
  11. Turkish Parliament will vote about polluting coal power plants next week, Health And Environment Alliance, Feb. 1, 2019.
  12. 50’inci madde kabul edildi, Yeşil Ekonomi, 22 Nov. 2019
  13. Erdoğan Vetoes Bill Postponing Installation of Filters to Coal-Fired Plants, Bianet, 02 December 2019.
  14. TBMM Plan Ve Bütçe Komisyonu, Santrallere Filtre Düzenlemesini Yeniden Görüştü, Meclis Haber, 4 December 2019.
  15. 5 thermal power plants that did not install filters and did not take flue gas treatment measures were completely closed, BBC, Jan. 2, 2020
  16. ÇATES’te zor günler. İşten çıkartılan var mı?, Pusula Gazetesi, May 5, 2020
  17. 17.0 17.1 Koronavirüs döneminde filtresiz termik santraller kapatılmalı, Cumhuriyet, May 22, 2020
  18. Isabelle Garretsen, How air pollution exacerbates Covid-19 BBC, Apr. 27, 2020
  19. Son dakika... Bakan Kurum'dan termik santral açıklaması, Hurriyet, Jun. 8, 2020
  20. "Bereket ÇATES'i 660 MW'lık ek ünite ile büyütecek" Enerji Günlüğü, 17 Jan 2018

Related GEM.wiki articles

External resources