Adra Purulia power station

From Global Energy Monitor

Adra Purulia power station is a 1,320 megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station proposed by NTPC and Indian Railways for West Bengal, India.


The plant is proposed for Adra in Purulia district, West Bengal. The map below shows the location of Adra but not the exact location of the project.

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According to Indian Railways, the plant was proposed to make available "traction power supply at most economical rate". The Indian Railways consume about 17 billion units of electricity every year, of which 14.5 billion units are used for traction purposes. From the present level of 3,500 MW of peak requirement, it is estimated that the demand for electricity over the next 10 years will be nearly 6,000 MW.[1]

A pre-feasibility study on the project done by NTPC stated that a 1,320MW power station would require approximately 7.42 million tonnes per annum of coal. It stated that coal would be supplied from unspecified coal mines and transported to the power station site by rail. It also flagged that the proposed power station would require 55 cusecs of water but that the nearby Dwarakeswar River "is nonperennial and is almost dry." According to NTPC, water allocations from the Panchet dam 40 kilometres away on the Damodar River and the Maithon dam reservoir about 55 kilometres away are determined by the Damodar Valley River Regulation Committee (DVRRC). NTPC noted that "as discussed with officials of DVC, the water cannot be made available from these reservoirs as the allocations from these have already been exhausted. Hence, availability of water needs to be established by Railways after discussion with DVRRC for making the project feasible."[2]

In April 2013 it was reported that work on the 2X660 MW thermal power plant would likely start soon, as "necessary clearances have been received" and the West Bengal Wasteland Development Corporation Ltd "will start clearing the land in Manpura for the plant shortly." The land belongs to the Indian Railways and was leased out to the state forest department with a clause that it would be taken back when required. According to the article, the Ministry of Power has recommended coal allotment to the Ministry of Coal for the power station, and Damodar Valley Corporation has confirmed that it will supply the water required.[3]

In September 2013 it was reported that the project was stalled as the Railway Board was still trying to secure a coal supply for the plant, estimated at 7 million tonnes of coal annually. State power department sources said the project, originally planned for completion in 2014, was unlikely to be completed before 2017.[4]

In January 2015 NTPC said the project was currently "not being pursued by either the Centre or the state."[5]

Project Details

Sponsor: NTPC and Indian Railways
Location: Adra village, Purulia district, West Bengal
Coordinates: 23.5, 86.67 (approximate)
Status: Cancelled
Capacity: 1,320 MW (2 x 660 MW)
Type: Supercritical
Projected in service:
Coal Type:
Coal Source:
Estimated annual CO2:
Source of financing:
Permits and applications: Terms of Reference, India MoEF, September 8, 2010

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