Alcúdia power station

From Global Energy Monitor

Alcúdia power station (also known as Es Murterar) is a 260-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station in Raiguer, Illes Balears (Islas Baleares), the province of Mallorca, Spain.[1]

Location

The map below shows the location of the power station in Raiguer, Illes Balears (Islas Baleares), the province of Mallorca, Spain.

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Background

The Alcudia power plant began operating in 1981 and supplied the Balearic Islands with electricity for several decades. In 2014, all four units of the Alcudia plant were estimated to be between 52% to 104% over the local nitrous oxide limits.[1] In 2017, the parent company of the plant, Enel, invested €350 million in three of GESA-Endesa's coal-fired plants (including Alcudia) to retrofit them for environmental compliance. Prior to the retirement of its first two units, it was the most polluting entity in the Balearic Islands, emitting 27% of the area's carbon dioxide emissions.[2]

In 2018, the local government announced a climate plan which aimed of converting the Balearic Islands to 100% renewable energy by 2050.[3] Discussion of shutting the plant down to meet this plan quickly followed. In late 2018, a group of Alcudia workers hosted a protest against retiring the plant, arguing for the protection of the jobs of over 400 workers at the facility.[4]

In 2019, the government announced it would retire Alcudia's two older, 125 MW units by the beginning of 2020.[5] The two remaining units would operate at a reduced load of 1,500 hours (maximum) annually until August 2021, after which this would go down to 500 hours annually. The government announced the closure of these two units would follow once a second electricity cable connection from the mainland was completed, which is scheduled for before 2025. Thus, the Alcudia plant will likely be shut down by 2025; if not, 2027 seems to be the final shutdown date.[2]

GESA-Endesa announced it would be demolishing the retired two units in 2020, costing them 7.5 million Euros and taking three years to complete.[6]

In May 2021, Enel completed construction of the 15 MW Nou Biniatria solar photovoltaic plant in Mallorca, an addition to the Alcudia Power Station. The Nou Biniatria project cost around 14 million Euros. In line with the region's commitment to renewable energy, Enel will be developing another 73 MW of solar capacity at the plant as well.[7]

Project Details

  • Sponsor: GESA-Endesa
  • Parent company: Enel
  • Location: Raiguer, Illes Balears (Islas Baleares), the province of Mallorca, Spain
  • Coordinates: 39.8107, 3.0914 (exact)
  • Coal type: Lignite/bituminous
  • Coal source: Unknown
  • Gross generating capacity (operating): 260 MW
    • Unit 3: Coal-fired subcritical, 130 MW (start-up in 1997)
    • Unit 4: Coal-fired subcritical, 130 MW (start-up in 1997)
  • Gross generating capacity (retired): 250 MW
    • Unit 1: Coal-fired subcritical, 125 MW (start-up in 1981)
    • Unit 2: Coal-fired subcritical, 125 MW (start-up in 1982)

Articles and Resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Enel announces coal plants closures". World Coal. 2017-05-22. Retrieved 2021-07-01.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Partial closure of Alcudia power station formally authorised". Majorca Daily Bulletin. 2019-03-29. Retrieved 2021-07-01.
  3. Vaughan, Adam (2018-05-04). "Balearic Islands bank on their sun to kickstart power drive". the Guardian. Retrieved 2021-07-01.
  4. "Es Murterar power station workers to protest against closure". Majorca Daily Bulletin. 2018-11-08. Retrieved 2021-07-01.
  5. "Endesa must request closure of Es Murterar following the Balearic Govern's announcement". IIDMA. 2018-10-25. Retrieved 2021-07-01.
  6. "Partial demolition of Es Murterar to start this year". Majorca Daily Bulletin. 2020-04-17. Retrieved 2021-07-01.
  7. "Enel Green Power commissions the 15 MW Nou Biniatria solar photovoltaic plant in Mallorca". Enel Green Power. 2021-05-14. Retrieved 2021-07-01.