Alpu power station

From Global Energy Monitor

Alpu power station, also known as Eskişehir Alpu power station or Eskişehir Alpu Termik Santrali, is a proposed 1,080-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power plant in Eskişehir province, Turkey.

Location

The maps below shows the location of project site in Alpu district, Eskişehir province, according to the EIA.[1]

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Background on Plant

In May 2013, a study by Turkey's General Directorate of Mining Affairs (Maden İşletmeleri Genel Müdürlüğü, or MİGEM) concluded that the Alpu district of Eskişehir province holds over 900 million tons of coal reserves. MİGEM announced plans to find a developer for a 300 MW coal-fired power plant in Alpu district.[2][3][4] It was planned for operation in 2019,[5] with plans to expand up to 6000 MW.[6] A tender to build the plant was scheduled for June 2019 but was cancelled, the seventh time a tender for the plant has been cancelled.[7]

Privatization

Privatization tendering of the power station and Eskişehir Alpu Coal fields was due to be completed in January 2018[8] but has been postponed for the third time and is now due 15 August.[9] According to Selahattin Anaç, the former general manager of TKI, it is unclear whether the exploratory drilling data is to international standards. He also said that to work 3 or 4 seams to produce homogeneous coal would be costly.[10] A tender scheduled for August 2018 was delayed until October 2018, and that tender has now been delayed to February 2019.[11] A tender scheduled for June 2019 was cancelled because there were no bidders.[12]

In May 2020 the Council of State ruled against privatizing the Büyük Ova Conservation Area in the Eskişehir Alpu Plain, overturning a September 2017 decision by the Privatization High Council (ÖYK).[13][14]

Capacity and cost

It was initially reported that the installed capacity of the power plant will be 1,080 MW (3 x 360 MW) and that the total investment cost of the project is expected to be approximately US$1.8 billion.[15] Future expansion up to 7GW is said to be possible, however the very wet local coal could result in extra operational and maintenance costs and pollution.[16]

The Chamber of Electrical Engineers states that, due to a 15 year government purchase guarantee, the total cost of electricity from the plant could amount to 5.8 million US dollars (21.8 million lira) and that that would be a bad deal compared to renewable energy.[17]

The Environmental Impact Statement released in March 2018 described the plant as comprising two units, each 550 MWe gross and 506 MWe net, with 8% of the plant's gross output used for internal consumption. Total investment cost was estimated at US$ 1.637/kW, or US$1.8 billion total.[18]

Opposition

Months of protests in 2017 and 2018 included statues in gas masks, rap music, and a convoy of hundreds of tractors.[19] The mayor spoke out against the plant,[20] and in January 2018 the MP for the main opposition party joined a human chain formed in protest.[21] In the spring of 2018 protestors took to the Porsuk River[22] and in the election campaign the main opposition leader Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu [23] and local candidate Nuray Akçasoy[24] spoke out against the plant.

Health Impact

Greenpeace estimates that the plant would lead to 3,200 early deaths.[25] In October 2020 the Right To Clean Air Platform (Temiz Hava Hakkı Platformu) released a study estimating that the plant would affect the health of 11 million people in 24 provinces and cause 3,200 premature deaths. The study also found that agriculture on 125,000 acres of farmland near the plant will be negatively impacted and that mercury from the plant will enter the food chain through nearby waterways.[26]

Environmental Impact

The Alpu EIA was approved in March 2018 but is being contested in court.[27] In May 2018 the Chamber of Geological Engineers released a detailed report criticizing the EIA on multiple grounds including not properly considering the risk of earthquakes and landslides, not enough analysis of the impact on water, and not including environmental impact in the cost-benefit analysis.[28] In May 2019 Odunpazari District President Ertugrul Balkan stated that the plant would destroy local agriculture and animal husbandry by damaging the soil and groundwater.[29] The Alpu plain has been declared an agricultural site by the government and construction and operation of the plant would disrupt and contaminate water supplies needed for farming.[30]

Project Details

  • Sponsor: TKİ (Turkish Coal Enterprise)/EÜAŞ (Elektrik Üretim A.Ş.)
  • Parent company:
  • Location: Alpu district, Eskişehir province, Turkey
  • Coordinates: 39.897, 30.862 (exact)[1]
  • Status: Pre-permit development
  • Detailed status: EIA approved but being contested in court
  • Gross capacity: 1,080 MW gross (3 x 360 MW)[31]
  • Type: Ultra-supercritical[1]
  • Projected in service:
  • Coal type: Lignite (2.107 kcal/kg[1])
  • Coal source: Eskişehir Alpu lignite mine, Turkey
  • CO2 Emissions per year: 8 million tons[32]
  • Source of financing:

Articles and resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Alpu EIA, ELEKTRİK ÜRETİM A.Ş., March 2018, p. 1
  2. Alpu'da 1 Milyar Ton Kömür Rezervi Bulundu, Gazete A24, May 8, 2013.
  3. Eskişehir'e İkinci Termik Santral Yolda, 2 Eylül, June 12, 2013.
  4. Eskişehir Alpu, Kara Atlas, accessed Mar. 2014.
  5. 2015-2019 Strategic Plan, enerji.gov.tr, 2015
  6. "MADEN tüm maden haberleri... Yeni rezevler, Türkiye'yi kömürden vazgeçirmiyor," enerjiajansi.net, Dec 22, 2014.
  7. Alpu’nun verimli arazilerine kurulmak istenen termik santral ihalesine iptal, Diken, Jun. 28, 2019
  8. Elektrik Üretim AŞ`ye Ait Taşınmazların (Kömür Rezerv Alanı ile Bu Rezerve Dayalı Santralin ve Diğer Varlıkların Yapılacağı Alanların) Özelleştirme İhale İlanı,Privatization Administration, September 2017
  9. Alpu Termik Santrali ihalesi 3. kez ertelendi, yeşilgazete, 24 April 2018
  10. "Anaç: EÜAŞ ve TKİ sistem içinde kalmalı", Enerji Günlüğü, 5 May 2018
  11. Eskişehir coal-fired thermal power plant tender was postponed once again, Eskişehir Anadolu Gazetesi], Oct. 16, 2018
  12. Eskişehir'de termik santral ihalesi iptal edildi, Haber Sol, Jun. 29, 2019
  13. Alpu Ovası termik santral projesi Danıştay'a takıldı, Alpu termik belasından kurtuldu, Evrensel, May 5, 2020
  14. Eskişehir’e yapımı planlanan ‘zehir santrali’ne iptal kararı çıktı, ilerihaber.org, May 6, 2020
  15. Haluk Direskeneli, Turkey: Eskişehir Alpu Coal Fields And 1080 New Thermal Power Plant – Analysis, Eurasia Review, October 2017
  16. Eskişehir Alpu Coal Fields and 1080 MWe New Thermal Power Plant Project, TESPAM, October 2017
  17. "Alım garantili SPE'nin faturası ağır" ," Gerçek Gündem, Feb 6, 2018
  18. Alpu EIA, ELEKTRİK ÜRETİM A.Ş., March 2018, p. 20
  19. Turkey’s coal dependency triggers creative protest in Eskişehir, Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung, January 2018
  20. Büyükerşen: Termik santral Eskişehir için bir cinayettir, evrensel, December 2017
  21. Eskişehir’de kömürlü termik santrale karşı zincir oluşturuldu, Hürriyet, January 2018
  22. Eskişehir'de termik santral protestosu, Anadolu Gazetesi, 5 May 2018
  23. KILIÇDAROĞLU’NDAN TERMİK SANTRAL TEPKİSİ, ESGündem, 27 May 2018
  24. Nuray Akçasoy'dan çarpıcı termik santral açıklaması!, Anadolu Gazetesi, 5 June 2018
  25. Rapora göre 3 bin 200 ‘erken ölüm’e davetiye: Eskişehirliler ‘Kömürü ES geç’ Diken, , 5 May 2018
  26. Alpu Kömürlü Termik Santralı için çarpıcı rapor: 24 ilde 11 milyon insanın sağlığına mal olacak, Birgun, Oct. 27, 2020
  27. Eskişehir kömürlü termik santrali yargıya taşıdı, Turizm Haberleri, 28 March 2018
  28. ESKİŞEHİR ALPU TERMİK SANTRAL PROJESİ NİHAİ ÇED RAPORUNUN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ RAPORU, TMMOB JEOLOJİ MÜHENDİSLERİ ODASI, 2018
  29. Alpu Termik Santrali, Eskişehir için büyük tehlike!, Anadolu Gazetesi, May 27, 2019
  30. Alpu termik santral ihalesi yedinci denemeden sonra iptal edildi, Yesil Gazete, Jun. 29, 201
  31. Communication with CAN Europe, September 2019
  32. Eskişehir Alpu Ovası’nda “çevre” cinayeti,BirGün, Dec 21 2017

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External resources