Amaam coal mine

From Global Energy Monitor

Amaam coal mine (Амаамское месторождение) is a proposed surface coal mine 50 km south of the village of Alkatvaam, in the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug (District), Far East, Russia.


The map below shows the approximate location of an exploration camp on the coalfield.[1]

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Amaam coal mine is part of the Tigers Realm Coal Amaam coal project, along with the operational Amaam North Project F coal mine. The Amaam North Project F and Amaam deposits are located within separate structural blocks of the Bering Coal Basin.[2]

The project is developed by Northern Pacific Coal Company JSC, where an Australian-registered Tigers Realm Coal Limited holds 80%.[3]

As of 2018, Amaam coal mine was an ambitious project and remained in pre-development stage. Amaam requires significant investment in infrastructure in order to be developed.[4]

A preliminary Feasibility Study was released in April 2013 and subsequently Tigers Realm Coal has completed further drilling and exploration activities, updated the resource estimate and obtained two long-term (20 year) Extraction and Exploration Licences over parts of the deposit, whilst also extending the Exploration Licence.[4] There are three licenses for Amaam, “Zapadny”, mining until March 2033, “Nadezhny”, mining until July 2037, and "General", exploration until December 2019.[5]

According to Russia's 'Programme for Coal Industry Development up to 2035' (published in June 2020), the target capacity of the coal mine is 5-10 Mtpa.[6] However in its 2020 annual report, company stated 5Mtpa as the target capacity.[3]

In its 2022 mid-year update, Tigers Realm reported that it intended to 'actualize Amaam technical and economic development options' (page 18).[7]

In its 2023 mid-year update, Tigers Realm stated that "there were minimal activities undertaken at the project, there being no additions to the carrying value of non-current assets, their carrying value remaining at $Nil". The Group made asset write-down in prior periods related to the project and stated that as of June 2023, the Amaam Project development is not expected in the foreseeable future.[8] As of September 2023, the project is considered Shelved.

Mine Details

  • Owner: Northern Pacific Coal Company JSC[9][10]
  • Parent: Tigers Realm Coal Limited (80%)[10]
  • Location: Approximately 50km south of the village of Alkatvaam, Anadyrsky District, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia
  • GPS Coordinates: 62.721858, 178.929691 (approximate)
  • Status: Shelved
  • Production Capacity: 5 Mtpa[3][10]
  • Total Resource: 521 Mt[11]
  • Mineable Reserves: 25-40 million tonnes target[12]
  • Coal type: Bituminous (Met and Thermal)
  • Mine Type: Surface with potential for underground mining[2]
  • Start Year:
  • Source of Financing:


Indigenous Chukchi live in the area of the Amaam coal project and have been in conflict over the natural resources with coal companies.

In 2007 Northern Pacific Coal Mining, Severo-Tikhookeanskaya Ugolnaya Kompaniya / STUK in Russian which is a subsidiary of Tigers Realm Coal was granted a permit for the Beringovyi hard coal deposit. Initially, the permit was given under the condition that the company stays out of the territories of the indigenous obshchina (kinship-based community and cooperative), however the company chose to ignore this condition. The exploration works led to serious environmental damage by drilling, fuel spills and movement of heavy machinery in the summer period across the Amaam river. (In the summer months, the environment is particularly vulnerable due to the thawed ground).

In 2011, STUK hired the Chukokta Trading Company as a subcontractor. With the arrival of this company, the violations aggravated. In summer of 2011, right in the middle of the the salmon spawning season, Chukokta Trading Company hauled cargo from the Ushakov bay across the pristine tundra, the floodplains of the Amaam lagoon and the Amaam river all the way to the base using heavy transport equipment, inflicting irreparable damage to the river.

The indigenous people filed complaints and the coal company filed a counter suit and continued to operate. In February 2013 the arbitration court of Chukotka ruled in favour of the STUK and ordered that the obschchina had to pay the damages amounting to approximately 15,000 US Dollars. In November 2013, the head of the Anadyr municipal district of Chukotka adopted a decree revoking the rights of the community to the given territory.

In 2015 the earlier ruling was overturned, meaning that the Chukchi did not have to pay the coal company but no compensation was offered to the Chukchi for damage to their land.[13]

Articles and resources


  1. Лагерь Амаам, Wikimapia, accessed Mar. 2021.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Tigers Realm Coal, "Bering Coal Basin: Amaam and Amaam North, Chukotka, Far East Russia" Tigers Realm website, accessed 30 August 2019. Bering Coal Basin: Amaam and Amaam North, Chukotka, Far East Russia"], Tigers Realm Coal website, 17 April 2019.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Tigers Realm Coal. "2020 Annual Report". Retrieved October 2022. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |access-date= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. 4.0 4.1 Tigers Realm Coal, "2018 Annual Report", page 23, Tigers Realm Coal website, 17 April 2019.
  5. Tigers Realm Coal, "2018 Annual Report", page 12, Tigers Realm Coal website, 17 April 2019.
  6. "Программа Развития Угольной Промышленности до 2035 года". June 13, 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. "Appendix 4D and Interim Financial Report". tigersrealm.coal. August 18, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. "Tigers Realm Coal Limited Appendix 4D – Half year report For the six months ended 30 June 2023". 2023. {{cite web}}: line feed character in |title= at position 26 (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. "Северо-Тихоокеанская угольная компания, АО". Retrieved October 2022. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |access-date= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 "Tigers Realm 2022 Annual Report". 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  11. Tigers Realm Coal, "Amaam Coal Project", Tigers Realm Coal website, 17 April 2019.
  12. Tigers Realm Coal, "2018 Annual Report", page 6, Tigers Realm Coal website, 17 April 2019.
  13. International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs, "Russia: Chukchi community defends territorial rights against coal mining company", IWGIA website, 12 June 2015.

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