Amistad-Valvula de Playa gas pipeline

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

Amistad-Valvula de Playa gas pipeline, known locally as Gasoducto Amistad-Bajo Alto or Gasoducto Amistad, is an operating natural gas pipeline in Ecuador.[1]


The pipeline runs from the Amistad field in Guayaquil Bay to the coastal community of Bajo Alto, El Oro province, Ecuador.[2]

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The Amistad gas pipeline transports natural gas from Block 6 of the offshore Amistad gas field to supply two power plants (Bajo Alto and TermoGas Machala) in the Ecuadorian coastal community of Bajo Alto.[3]

While the pipeline continues to operate, it is underutilized due to insufficient production at the Amistad gas field. Demand from the two Bajo Alto power plants, along with a third plant (Vesubio) in Cuenca that regularly imports Amistad gas by tanker truck, totals 90 million cubic feet per day (MMSCFD), while the Amistad field currently produces only 35 MMSCFD.[3]

In October 2018, the Ecuadorian government held a tender soliciting bids for new production at the Amistad field, but the lone bidder was unable to meet the government's maximum drilling cost requirements of $15 million per well.[4][5] Even with increased production, the most optimistic projections of gas supply from Amistad at the time totaled only 50 to 55 MMSCFD.[3]

In December 2019, a new report estimated that the Amistad field was still capable of producing 90 MMSCFD, but development costs remain high, and Ecuador has begun studying natural gas imports from Peru as a means to compensate for the shortfall.[5][6]

Pipeline Details

  • Operator: Petroamazonas
  • Parent Company: EDC Ecuador
  • Current capacity: 1.19 billion cubic meters per year
  • Length: 69 kilometers / 42 miles
  • Diameter: 13 inches
  • Status: Operating
  • Start Year:

Articles and resources


  1. Annual Statistics Bulletin, OPEC, 2009, p.75
  2. 93 millones de ahorro por gas natural, El Comercio, July 31, 2012.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Por falta de gas natural analizan su importación en Ecuador". El Universo. August 13, 2018.
  4. "Ecuador pulls tenders of gas field, oil blocks". Argus Media. October 23, 2018.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Campo Amistad no atrajo a inversionistas". El Comercio. December 6, 2018.
  6. "El campo Amistad tiene potencial para producir el triple de gas". El Universo. February 3, 2020.

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