Aquila Coal Mine

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Aquila Coal Mine is an operating coal mine in Bundoora, Queensland, Australia.


Table 1: Project-level location details

Mine Name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Aquila Coal Mine Bundoora, Queensland, Australia -22.9816055, 148.5373229 (exact)

The map below shows the exact location of the coal mine:

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Project Details

Table 2: Project status

Status Status Detail Opening Year Closing Year
Operating 2005

Table 3: Operation details

Note: The asterisk (*) signifies that the value is a GEM estimated figure.
Capacity (Mtpa) Production (Mtpa) Year of Production Mine Type Mining Method Mine Size (km2) Mine Depth (m) Workforce Size
3.446[1] 2022[1] Underground Longwall[1] 175 573*

Table 4: Coal resources and destination

Total Reserves (Mt) Year of Total Reserves Recorded Total Resources (Mt) Coalfield Coal Type Coal Grade Primary Consumer/ Destination
29.6[1] 2022[1] 42.2 Bowen Bituminous Met

Table 5: Ownership and parent company

Owner Parent Company Headquarters
Capcoal[2][3][4] Anglo American [70%]; Mitsui Holdings [30%] Australia, UK, Japan

Note: The above section was automatically generated and is based on data from the GEM April 2024 Global Coal Mine Tracker dataset.


The Aquila mine is an underground mine, operated by Anglo American, as part of the Capcoal Mining Complex, located 16.5 kilometers southwest from Middlemount, Queensland, Australia.

The mine closed in 2009, but reopened with an expansion in February 2022.[5] The Aquila mine began operating as a bord and pillar operation in the Capcoal Mining Complex 2005. In March 2009, the mine shut down due to the global financial crisis. Operations recommenced in August 2010, but the mine was once again placed under care and maintenance in July 2013.[6]

In July 2019, Anglo American decided to prepare the mine for production again. However, this time the mine would feature a longwall extraction system with two longwalls which would allow it to operate without the downtime that is usually required for longwall moves.[5] Both longwalls are fully remote-capable, and will be sequentially operated from our site-based remote operations center on the surface of the Aquila mine, making it one of the most “technologically advanced underground mines in the world”, says Anglo American’s CEO of Metallurgical Coal business, Tyler Mitchelson.[7] Development work began in September 2019, and production started in February 2022, with the total capital cost being $323 million.[8][5]

By bringing the Aquila mine out of care and maintenance and into production, the Capcoal Mining Complex’s operation will be extended another 5 years, until 2028.[8]

  • Operator: Mastermyne Ltd.[9]
  • Owners: Anglo American plc (70%) and Mitsui & co. (30%)[10]
  • Location: Bundoora, Queensland, Australia
  • GPS Coordinates: -22.9816055, 148.5373229 (exact)
  • Status: Operating
  • Production: 3.4 mtpa for the entire Capcoal Mining Complex (2022)[11]
  • Total Resource: 42.2 mt (2022)[12]
  • Mineable Reserves: 44.5 (2022)[12]
  • Coal Type: Coking coal (Metallurgical)[12]
  • Mine Size:
  • Mine Depth: 70-280 m (170 m average)[13]
  • Mine Type: Underground[10]
  • Workforce Size: 600[5]
  • Start Years: 2005, 2022[6]
  • Source of Financing:

Articles and Resources

Additional data

To access additional data, including an interactive map of world coal mines, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Mine Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 (PDF) Archived from the original (PDF) on 02 August 2023. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |archive-date= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. (PDF) Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 January 2024. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. Archived from the original on 25 January 2024. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Anglo American Starts Up New Aquila Metallurgical Coal Mine", Anglo American website, February 9, 2022
  6. 6.0 6.1 "AQUILA LONGWALL PROJECT", Anglo American website, May 2014
  7. Daniel Gleeson, "Anglo approves development of ‘technologically advanced’ Aquila coal mine" International Mining, July 25, 2019
  8. 8.0 8.1 Lou Caruana,"Aquila longwall on track to start in 2022" Australia's Mining Monthly, December 2, 2019
  9. "Aquila Mine (Secondary Support & Outbye Services" Mastermyne website, accessed April 8, 2020
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Aquila Mine (Capcoal Operation)", Mining Data Solutions website, accessed April 8, 2020
  11. Integrated Annual Report 2022, Anglo American, accessed March 2023.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Ore Reserves and Mineral Resources Report 2022, Anglo American, accessed March 2023.
  13. Aquila Project, Anglo American Company Website, accessed November 2020