Archer Daniels Midland Decatur Power Plant

From Global Energy Monitor

Archer Daniels Midland Decatur Power Plant is a 335.0-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station at an agricultural processing facility owned and operated by Archer Daniels Midland near Decatur, Illinois.


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Plant Data

CCS project

The plant was the site of a carbon capture and storage demonstration project. The project aimed to drill down to a 600-million-year-old layer of sandstone, where developers hoped to bury about 1 million metric tons of CO2. The project was estimated to cost US$84 million, with $66.7 million contributed by the Department of Energy. The project made the most progress of any other federally-sponsored coal sequestration project in the U.S. By 2009, the drillers had dug through 5,300 feet and had 2,700 feet remaining before they reached the sandstone layer.[2]

On June 30, 2013, major construction of CO2 compression, dehydration, and transport facilities was completed. On April 15, 2014, USEPA issued the UIC Class VI draft permit for the ADM Illinois ICCS project. The final Class VI well permit was issued on September 26, 2014. On June 23, 2014, the installation of the major equipment for the substation was completed and the substation was energized on November 24, 2014. Work commenced on the Class VI injection well on January 11, 2015.[3]

The ADM project received the U.S. EPA’s UIC Class VI injection well permit effective April 7, 2017, and started commercial operations accordingly. The project can achieve a total CO2 injection capacity of approximately 1 Mtpa.[3] The captured CO2 is transported to a nearby injection well for dedicated geological storage.[4]

Emissions Data

  • 2006 CO2 Emissions: 1,142,168 tons
  • 2006 SO2 Emissions:
  • 2006 SO2 Emissions per MWh:
  • 2006 NOx Emissions:
  • 2005 Mercury Emissions:

Articles and Resources


  1. "EIA 923 July 2020" EIA 923 July 2020.
  2. "Archer Daniels Midland project aims to bury carbon dioxide," LA Times, April 7, 2009.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Archer Daniels Midland Company," US Department of Energy, accessed Oct 2017
  4. "Illinois Industrial Carbon Capture and Storage," Global CCS Institute, updated 04/10/2017

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