Archer Daniels Midland Decatur Power Plant

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Archer Daniels Midland Decatur Power Plant is an operating power station of at least 335-megawatts (MW) in Decatur, Macon, Illinois, United States.


Table 1: Project-level location details

Plant name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Archer Daniels Midland Decatur Power Plant Decatur, Macon, Illinois, United States 39.870008, -88.890964 (exact)

The map below shows the exact location of the power station.

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Unit-level coordinates (WGS 84):

  • Unit 2, Unit 3, Unit 4, Unit 5, Unit 6, Unit 7, Unit 8: 39.870008, -88.890964

Project Details

Table 2: Unit-level details

Unit name Status Fuel(s) Capacity (MW) Technology Start year Retired year
Unit 2 operating coal - bituminous 31 subcritical 1987
Unit 3 operating coal - bituminous 31 subcritical 1987
Unit 4 operating coal - bituminous 31 subcritical 1987
Unit 5 operating coal - bituminous 31 subcritical 1987
Unit 6 operating coal - bituminous 31 subcritical 1994
Unit 7 operating coal - bituminous 75 subcritical 1997
Unit 8 operating coal - bituminous 105 subcritical 2005

Table 3: Unit-level ownership and operator details

Unit name Owner
Unit 2 Archer-Daniels-Midland Co (ADM) [100.0%]
Unit 3 Archer-Daniels-Midland Co (ADM) [100.0%]
Unit 4 Archer-Daniels-Midland Co (ADM) [100.0%]
Unit 5 Archer-Daniels-Midland Co (ADM) [100.0%]
Unit 6 Archer-Daniels-Midland Co (ADM) [100.0%]
Unit 7 Archer-Daniels-Midland Co (ADM) [100.0%]
Unit 8 Archer-Daniels-Midland Co (ADM) [100.0%]

Project-level captive use details

  • Captive industry use (heat or power): agriculture

CCS project

The plant was the site of a carbon capture and storage demonstration project. The project aimed to drill down to a 600-million-year-old layer of sandstone, where developers hoped to bury about 1 million metric tons of CO2. The project was estimated to cost US$84 million, with $66.7 million contributed by the Department of Energy. The project made the most progress of any other federally-sponsored coal sequestration project in the U.S. By 2009, the drillers had dug through 5,300 feet and had 2,700 feet remaining before they reached the sandstone layer.[1]

On June 30, 2013, major construction of CO2 compression, dehydration, and transport facilities was completed. On April 15, 2014, USEPA issued the UIC Class VI draft permit for the ADM Illinois ICCS project. The final Class VI well permit was issued on September 26, 2014. On June 23, 2014, the installation of the major equipment for the substation was completed and the substation was energized on November 24, 2014. Work commenced on the Class VI injection well on January 11, 2015.[2]

The ADM project received the U.S. EPA’s UIC Class VI injection well permit effective April 7, 2017, and started commercial operations accordingly. The project can achieve a total CO2 injection capacity of approximately 1 Mtpa.[2] The captured CO2 is transported to a nearby injection well for dedicated geological storage.[3]

Emissions Data

  • 2006 CO2 Emissions: 1,142,168 tons
  • 2006 SO2 Emissions:
  • 2006 SO2 Emissions per MWh:
  • 2006 NOx Emissions:
  • 2005 Mercury Emissions:

Articles and Resources


  1. "Archer Daniels Midland project aims to bury carbon dioxide," LA Times, April 7, 2009.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Archer Daniels Midland Company," US Department of Energy, accessed Oct 2017
  3. "Illinois Industrial Carbon Capture and Storage," Global CCS Institute, updated 04/10/2017

Additional data

To access additional data, including an interactive map of coal-fired power stations, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Plant Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.