Armstrong power station
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Armstrong power station is a retired power station in Kittanning, Armstrong, Pennsylvania, United States.
Table 1: Project-level location details
|Plant name||Location||Coordinates (WGS 84)|
|Armstrong power station||Kittanning, Armstrong, Pennsylvania, United States||40.929425, -79.467108 (exact)|
The map below shows the exact location of the power station.
Unit-level coordinates (WGS 84):
- Unit 1, Unit 2: 40.929425, -79.467108
Table 2: Unit-level details
|Unit name||Status||Fuel(s)||Capacity (MW)||Technology||Start year||Retired year|
|Unit 1||retired||coal - bituminous||163.2||subcritical||1958||2012|
|Unit 2||retired||coal - bituminous||163.2||subcritical||1959||2012|
Table 3: Unit-level ownership and operator details
|Unit 1||FirstEnergy Solutions Corp [100.0%]|
|Unit 2||FirstEnergy Solutions Corp [100.0%]|
The Armstrong power station was owned and operated by Allegheny Energy Supply Company, a subsidiary of the investor-owned electricity utility Allegheny Energy. It had a capacity of 356 MW and was located in Kittanning, Pennsylvania. In 2006, the power station reportedly emitted 2,195,757 tons of CO2.
The power station was retired in 2012.
On January 26, 2012, FirstEnergy said it is permanently closing six of its coal plants by September 1, 2012: Bay Shore Plant, Units 2-4, in Oregon, Ohio; Eastlake Power Plant in Eastlake, Ohio; Ashtabula Plant in Ashtabula, Ohio; Lake Shore Plant in Cleveland, Ohio; Armstrong power station in Adrian, Pennsylvania; and the R. Paul Smith Power Station in Williamsport, Maryland. The plants had served mostly as peaking or intermediate facilities.
Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from Armstrong Plant
In 2010, Abt Associates issued a study commissioned by the Clean Air Task Force, a nonprofit research and advocacy organization, quantifying the deaths and other health effects attributable to fine particle pollution from coal-fired power plants. Fine particle pollution consists of a complex mixture of soot, heavy metals, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides. Among these particles, the most dangerous are those less than 2.5 microns in diameter, which are so tiny that they can evade the lung's natural defenses, enter the bloodstream, and be transported to vital organs. Impacts are especially severe among the elderly, children, and those with respiratory disease. The study found that over 13,000 deaths and tens of thousands of cases of chronic bronchitis, acute bronchitis, asthma, congestive heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, dysrhythmia, ischemic heart disease, chronic lung disease, and pneumonia each year are attributable to fine particle pollution from U.S. coal plant emissions. These deaths and illnesses are major examples of coal's external costs, i.e. uncompensated harms inflicted upon the public at large. Low-income and minority populations are disproportionately impacted as well, due to the tendency of companies to avoid locating power plants upwind of affluent communities. To monetize the health impact of fine particle pollution from each coal plant, Abt assigned a value of $7,300,000 to each 2010 mortality, based on a range of government and private studies. Valuations of illnesses ranged from $52 for an asthma episode to $440,000 for a case of chronic bronchitis.
Table 1: Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from Armstrong Power Station
|Type of Impact||Annual Incidence||Valuation|
|Asthma ER visits||34||$12,000|
Source: "Find Your Risk from Power Plant Pollution," Clean Air Task Force interactive table, accessed March 2011
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Articles and Resources
- Allegheny Energy, "Generating Facilities", Allegheny Energy website, accessed June 2008.
- Form EIA-860 Data - Schedule 3, 'Generator Data' US EIA, 2014
- "FirstEnergy, Citing Impact of Environmental Regulations, Will Retire Six Coal-Fired Power Plants" PR Newswire, Jan. 26, 2012.
- "The Toll from Coal: An Updated Assessment of Death and Disease from America's Dirtiest Energy Source," Clean Air Task Force, September 2010.
- "Technical Support Document for the Powerplant Impact Estimator Software Tool," Prepared for the Clean Air Task Force by Abt Associates, July 2010
To access additional data, including an interactive map of coal-fired power stations, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Plant Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.