Arzew-Bethioua LNG Terminal

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Arzew-Bethioua LNG Terminal is a liquefied natural gas export terminal in Oran Province, Algeria.

Location

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Project Details

Project Details, GL4-Z

  • Owner: Sonatrach
  • Location: Bethioua, Bethioua District, Oran Province, Algeria
  • Coordinates: 35.80452, -0.24097 (exact)
  • Capacity: 1.5 mtpa (0.5 mtpa per train)[1]
  • Status: Retired[2]
  • Type: Export[2]
  • Trains: 3[1]
  • Start Year: 1964[2]

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day

Project Details, GL1-Z

  • Owner: Sonatrach[3]
  • Operator: Sonatrach[3]
  • Location: Bethioua, Bethioua District, Oran Province, Algeria
  • Coordinates: 35.80452, -0.24097 (exact)
  • Capacity: 7.92 mtpa (1.32 mtpa per train)[2][4]
  • Status: Operating[2]
  • Type: Export[2]
  • Trains: 6[2]
  • Start Year: 1978[2][4]

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day

Project Details, GL2-Z

  • Owner: Sonatrach[3]
  • Operator: Sonatrach[3]
  • Location: Bethioua, Bethioua District, Oran Province, Algeria
  • Coordinates: 35.80452, -0.24097 (exact)
  • Capacity: 8.22 mtpa (1.37 mtpa per train)[2][4]
  • Status: Operating[2]
  • Type: Export[2]
  • Trains: 6[2]
  • Start Year: 1981[2][4]

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day

Project Details, GL3-Z

  • Owner: Sonatrach[3]
  • Operator: Sonatrach[3]
  • Location: Bethioua, Bethioua District, Oran Province, Algeria
  • Coordinates: 35.80452, -0.24097 (exact)
  • Capacity: 4.7 mtpa[2][4]
  • Status: Operating[2]
  • Type: Export[2]
  • Trains: 1[2]
  • Start Year: 2014[2]

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day

Description

Arzew/Bethioua LNG terminal consists of 13 natural gas liquefaction trains, with a total capacity of 20.8 million metric tons per year (mtpa), or 2.98 billion cubic feet per day (bcfd). It is owned by Sonatrach, an Algerian state-owned hydrocarbon resources company.

Arzew GL4-Z

The Arzew GL4-Z facility had three 0.5-mtpa liquefaction trains, for a total of 1.5 mtpa. It was built in 1964.[1]

It was shut down in 2010, after the completion of GL3-Z.[5]

Bethioua GL1-Z & GL2-Z

The existing Bethioua GL1-Z and GL2-Z each have six 0.75-mtpa liquefaction trains, for a total of 12; the total nominal capacity is 16.1 mtpa. GL1-Z was built in 1978, and GL2-Z in 1981.[1][6] When built, the Bethioua plant was the largest LNG export facility in the world.

GL1-Z was repaired and renovated in 1991-97, helping relieve problems that had caused its capacity to be consistently under capacity.[7]

According to the International Group of Liquefied Natural Gas Importers' 2020 Annual Report, GL1-Z had a total nominal capacity of 7.9 mtpa and GL2-Z had a total nominal capacity of 8.2 mtpa.[8]

Arzew GL3-Z expansion

Arzew GL3-Z is a new single liquefaction train, with 4.7 mtpa capacity.[9][10]

The project was started in 2008, and was completed in November 2014. It cost €2.8 billion, or about $3.8 billion. The engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC) contract was carried out by a joint venture of Italian firm Saipem and Japan's Chiyoda Corporation.[11][12]

Articles and resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Gordon Shearer & Michael Tusiani. LNG: A Nontechnical Guide. Tulsa: Pennwell, 2007, pp. 254-256.
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 BloombergNEF LNG Export and Import Projects--Q4 2020, BloombergNEF, January 21, 2021
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 GIIGNL Annual Report. GIIGNL. November 2021.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 International Group of Liquefied Natural Gas Importers (May 24, 2022). "Annual Report 2022 Edition" (PDF). GIIGNL. Retrieved July 13, 2022.
  5. Algérie : mise en service du méga-train de liquéfaction GNL 3 à Arzew, EnergyMed, 17 Nov. 2014.
  6. The LNG Industry: Annual Report 2017, International Group of Liquefied Natural Gas Importers, accessed June 2017.
  7. LNG1 Plant Revamping Project: Improvement and Debottlenecking, Sonatrach, 1998.
  8. The LNG Industry: Annual Report 2020, page 41, International Group of Liquefied Natural Gas Importers, accessed April 29, 2020
  9. Arzew LNG Terminal, A Barrel Full, accessed April 2017.
  10. Arzew GNL 3Z LNG Plant Algeria, Global Energy Observatory, accessed June 2017.
  11. LNG Arzew Sonatrach, Mesit.com, accessed June 2017.
  12. Algeria: PM Inaugurates New Production Plant of LNG in Oran, AllAfrica, 10 Nov. 2014.

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External resources

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