Arzew-Bethioua LNG Terminal

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Arzew-Bethioua LNG Terminal is a liquefied natural gas export terminal in Oran Province, Algeria.

Location

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Project Details

Project Details, GL4-Z

  • Owner: Sonatrach
  • Location: Bethioua, Bethioua District, Oran Province, Algeria
  • Coordinates: 35.80452, -0.24097 (exact)
  • Capacity: 1.5 mtpa (0.5 mtpa per train)[1]
  • Status: Retired[2]
  • Type: Export[2]
  • Trains: 3[1]
  • Start Year: 1964[2]

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day

Project Details, GL1-Z

  • Owner: Sonatrach
  • Location: Bethioua, Bethioua District, Oran Province, Algeria
  • Coordinates: 35.80452, -0.24097 (exact)
  • Capacity: 7.92 mtpa (1.32 mtpa per train)[2]
  • Status: Operating[2]
  • Type: Export[2]
  • Trains: 6[2]
  • Start Year: 1978[2]

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day

Project Details, GL2-Z

  • Owner: Sonatrach
  • Location: Bethioua, Bethioua District, Oran Province, Algeria
  • Coordinates: 35.80452, -0.24097 (exact)
  • Capacity: 8.22 mtpa (1.37 mtpa per train)[2]
  • Status: Operating[2]
  • Type: Export[2]
  • Trains: 6[2]
  • Start Year: 1981[2]

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day

Project Details, GL3-Z

  • Owner: Sonatrach
  • Location: Bethioua, Bethioua District, Oran Province, Algeria
  • Coordinates: 35.80452, -0.24097 (exact)
  • Capacity: 4.7 mtpa[2]
  • Status: Operating[2]
  • Type: Export[2]
  • Trains: 1[2]
  • Start Year: 2014[2]

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day

Description

Arzew/Bethioua LNG terminal consists of 13 natural gas liquefaction trains, with a total capacity of 20.8 million metric tons per year (mtpa), or 2.98 billion cubic feet per day (bcfd). It is owned by Sonatrach, an Algerian state-owned hydrocarbon resources company.

Arzew GL4-Z

The Arzew GL4-Z facility had three 0.5-mtpa liquefaction trains, for a total of 1.5 mtpa. It was built in 1964.[1]

It was shut down in 2010, after the completion of GL3-Z.[3]

Bethioua GL1-Z & GL2-Z

The existing Bethioua GL1-Z and GL2-Z each have six 0.75-mtpa liquefaction trains, for a total of 12; the total nominal capacity is 16.1 mtpa. GL1-Z was built in 1978, and GL2-Z in 1981.[1][4] When built, the Bethioua plant was the largest LNG export facility in the world.

GL1-Z was repaired and renovated in 1991-97, helping relieve problems that had caused its capacity to be consistently under capacity.[5]

According to the International Group of Liquefied Natural Gas Importers' 2020 Annual Report, GL1-Z had a total nominal capacity of 7.9 mtpa and GL2-Z had a total nominal capacity of 8.2 mtpa.[6]

Arzew GL3-Z expansion

Arzew GL3-Z is a new single liquefaction train, with 4.7 mtpa capacity.[7][8]

The project was started in 2008, and was completed in November 2014. It cost €2.8 billion, or about $3.8 billion. The engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC) contract was carried out by a joint venture of Italian firm Saipem and Japan's Chiyoda Corporation.[9][10]

Articles and resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Gordon Shearer & Michael Tusiani. LNG: A Nontechnical Guide. Tulsa: Pennwell, 2007, pp. 254-256.
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 BloombergNEF LNG Export and Import Projects--Q4 2020, BloombergNEF, January 21, 2021
  3. Algérie : mise en service du méga-train de liquéfaction GNL 3 à Arzew, EnergyMed, 17 Nov. 2014.
  4. The LNG Industry: Annual Report 2017, International Group of Liquefied Natural Gas Importers, accessed June 2017.
  5. LNG1 Plant Revamping Project: Improvement and Debottlenecking, Sonatrach, 1998.
  6. The LNG Industry: Annual Report 2020, page 41, International Group of Liquefied Natural Gas Importers, accessed April 29, 2020
  7. Arzew LNG Terminal, A Barrel Full, accessed April 2017.
  8. Arzew GNL 3Z LNG Plant Algeria, Global Energy Observatory, accessed June 2017.
  9. LNG Arzew Sonatrach, Mesit.com, accessed June 2017.
  10. Algeria: PM Inaugurates New Production Plant of LNG in Oran, AllAfrica, 10 Nov. 2014.

Related GEM.wiki articles

External resources

External articles