Astana-3 power station

From Global Energy Monitor

Astana-3 power station (ТЭЦ-3 Астаны, ТЭЦ-3 АО"АлЭС", Астанинская ТЭЦ-3) is a power station in Nur-Sultan, Saryarqa District, Akmola, Kazakhstan with multiple units of varying statuses none of which are currently operating. It is also known as Astana CHP-3, Akmola-3 power station, TETS-3 AO "Ales".

Location

Table 1: Project-level location details

Plant name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Astana-3 power station Nur-Sultan, Saryarqa District, Akmola, Kazakhstan 51.188293, 71.510303 (exact)

The map below shows the exact location of the power station.

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Unit-level coordinates (WGS 84):

  • Unit 1, Unit 2: 51.188293, 71.510303
  • Unit 1, Unit 2: 51.211022, 71.427933

Project Details

Table 2: Unit-level details

Unit name Status Fuel(s) Capacity (MW) Technology CHP Start year Retired year
Unit 1 cancelled coal - bituminous 120 subcritical
Unit 1 construction[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9] gas, coal[10][2][11] 120[12] steam turbine[13] yes[10][14] not found[11][4][5][14][15][16][8]
Unit 2 cancelled coal - bituminous 120 subcritical
Unit 2 construction[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9] gas, coal[10][2][11][11] 120[12] steam turbine[13] yes[10][14] not found[11][4][5][14][17][8]

CHP is an abbreviation for Combined Heat and Power. It is a technology that produces electricity and thermal energy at high efficiencies. Coal units track this information in the Captive Use section when known.

Table 3: Unit-level ownership and operator details

Unit name Owner Parent
Unit 1 Astana-Energy JSC [100.0%]
Unit 1 Astana-Energy JSC[18] Astana-Energy JSC [100.0%]
Unit 2 Astana-Energy JSC [100.0%]
Unit 2 Astana-Energy JSC[18] Astana-Energy JSC [100.0%]

Project-level coal details

  • Coal source(s): Bogatyr coal mine

Background

The proposed power station is near the Astana-1 power station and Astana-2 power station. Construction has been underway at the site for more than 10 years, originally as a coal plant (subsequently cancelled). Since at least 2018, the project has been changed to a gas-fired power station, with coal as a back-up fuel.

The proposed plant is developed by Astana Energy JSC. In September 2022, 100% of shares in Astana-Energy were transferred to the municipality of Astana.[19][20] Previously the company was owned by Astana Energo Service JSC.[21] Astana Energo Service was also in municipal ownership.

Nur-Sultan (formerly Astana) is the capital of Kazakhstan located on the banks of the Ishim River in the middle of steppes and has an extreme continental climate with some of the coldest winters in the world. Heating is centralized and the heating season in the city starts in October and is extended until May. As a result of coal burning and still air, the city experiences frequent smog episodes. The power stations utilize coal extracted from the open-pit mine Bogatyr coal mine Ekibastuz, Kazakhstan.[22]

Construction & repeated delays

The website for a heat and power engineering institute named АО «Институт «КазНИПИЭнергопром» listed the construction of CHP-3 in Astana's 1st stage as a project with a timeframe of 2010 to 2015.[23]

In July 2012, a Forbes article discussing how corruption interferes with cleaning the air of Kazakhstan from hazardous emissions from thermal power plants also noted that Astana CHP-3 (Астанинская ТЭЦ-3) was under construction. In addition, only basic "dust cleaning" was set to be installed at the site.[24] The power station was scheduled to be completed by 2016.[25]

A 2010-2014 government table forecasting power projects in the Northern, Western, and Southern zones from 2014 through 2030 listed "CHPP-3 Astana 240 MW" as 120 MW expected in 2018 and 120 MW expected in 2019.[26]

However, in 2018, a Deputy Chairman at a press conference of the municipal holding Astana Energo Service JSC (AES) noted that "construction readiness" was somewhere around 93 percent and "technological equipment readiness" only around 50-60 percent, for a "total readiness" of 62.3 percent. The power station's launch was expected by "next year" (or 2019).[25]

In February 2021, a local government agency reported that construction and installation work was stalled and planned to resume in the third quarter of 2021, with completion before the start of the heating season in 2022/23. The project appeared to be 70% completed.[27] In November 2021, the Mayor of Astana stated that construction has resumed.[28]

Financial controversies

The project has been underway for more than a decade, and although the initial project was estimated to cost 87 billion or 193.7 billion tenge (US$203-451 million), many believe that the project updates and delays are resulting in significant cost increases.[29][30] In addition, many are concerned by the general lack of transparency over the years, and the project contractor, АО «Центрказэнергомонтаж», has been criticized.[29]

In 2014, there were rumors that Russian entrepreneurs would become the investors of the second stage of Astana CHP-3 by agreement with the Central Asian Fuel and Energy Company (CAPEC).[30]

Project updated from coal to gas

In 2018, Astana Energo Servis proposed completely transferring Astana CHP-1 and CHP-3 from coal to gas.[25]

According to an October 2020 audit by the Accounts Committee for Control over the Execution of the Republican Budget publicized in July 2021, the construction of Astana CHP-3 has been frozen since 2018 to "adjust the design and estimate documentation."5 billion tenge (US$12 million) was allocated from the Republican Budget for the project, and construction work resumed at the site in May 2021.[31] At least an additional 30 billion tenge (US$70 million) is needed to finish the project.[29]

In February 2021, it was reported that the main fuel at the facility would be natural gas, with coal as a backup fuel. In addition, the city may build two additional "local gas boiler houses."[27][30] As reported in January 2022, the Mayor of Astana has instructed the company to complete the construction in 2022.[32] As of November 2022, construction works were reported to be 83% complete, with the start date moved to the end of 2023.[33][34] As of June 2023, the first unit of 120 MW is expected to be commissioned by October 15, 2023 and the second by November 15, 2023.[35]

In October 2023, the construction was reported to be 95% complete, and step-by-step commissioning of the first phase of the power station began. The fist phase includes launch of four boilers during October-December 2023.[36] In December 2023, the first phase was reported to be completed.[37] The second stage involving installation of power generation has been announced, but no financing has been secured yet. The front-end engineering design of the second phase will commence in 2024.[38]

Articles and Resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 https://web.archive.org/web/20221130111638/https://knep.kz/ru/projects/osnovnye-proekty/proekt-stroitelstvotec-3-v-g.astana-1-ochered.html. Archived from the original on 30 November 2022. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 https://web.archive.org/web/20211024062334/https://inbusiness.kz/ru/news/tec-3-astany-zapustitsya-v-2019-godu. Archived from the original on 24 October 2021. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. 3.0 3.1 https://web.archive.org/web/20211113014455/https://lenta.inform.kz/ru/o-stroitel-stve-tec-3-rasskazal-akim-stolicy_a3859355. Archived from the original on 13 November 2021. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 https://web.archive.org/web/20220709173022/https://ru.sputnik.kz/20220122/Akim-Nur-Sultana-poruchil-zakonchit-stroitelstvo-TETs-3-v-2022-godu-19198120.html. Archived from the original on 09 July 2022. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |archive-date= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 https://web.archive.org/web/20221105093818/https://www.inform.kz/ru/kakova-gotovnost-tec-3-v-astane_a3998068. Archived from the original on 05 November 2022. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |archive-date= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. 6.0 6.1 https://kz.kursiv.media/2023-10-27/dmnv-tecz-3-2/; https://inbusiness.kz/ru/last/kogda-zapustyat-dolgozhdannuyu-tec-3-v-astane-rasskazal-glava-minenergo https://informburo.kz/stati/12-let-v-ozidanii-tepla-pocemu-tak-dolgo-stroyat-tec-3-v-astane-i-kak-ona-vyglyadit-seicas; https://kz.kursiv.media/2023-10-27/dmnv-tecz-3-2/; https://inbusiness.kz/ru/last/kogda-zapustyat-dolgozhdannuyu-tec-3-v-astane-rasskazal-glava-minenergo. {{cite web}}: Check |url= value (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. 7.0 7.1 https://www.inform.kz/ru/na-tets-3-astani-zapushen-tretiy-kotloagregat-3dd92a. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 https://gurk.kz/news/v-astane-zavershili-stroitelstvo-te-cz-3-i-dvuh-gazovy-h-teplovy-h-stanczij. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. 9.0 9.1 https://inbusiness.kz/ru/news/k-razrabotke-proekta-vtoroj-ocheredi-tec-3-astany-pristupyat-v-sleduyushem-godu. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 (PDF) https://web.archive.org/web/20221228063422/http://documents1.worldbank.org/curated/en/362411510931587832/pdf/121462-ESM-P130013-PUBLIC-KEEPAstanaEEPlanNovengfinal.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 December 2022. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 https://web.archive.org/web/20221127012522/https://www.inbusiness.kz/ru/news/kogda-vozobnovyat-stroitelstvo-tec-3-v-nur-sultane. Archived from the original on 27 November 2022. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. 12.0 12.1 (PDF) https://web.archive.org/web/20220901044417/https://bankwatch.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/KZ_Coal_ENG.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 01 September 2022. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |archive-date= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  13. 13.0 13.1 (PDF) https://web.archive.org/web/20210702223831/https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/103976/1/799687847.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 02 July 2021. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |archive-date= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 https://web.archive.org/web/20230201120356/https://informburo.kz/stati/12-let-v-ozidanii-tepla-pocemu-tak-dolgo-stroyat-tec-3-v-astane-i-kak-ona-vyglyadit-seicas. Archived from the original on 01 February 2023. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |archive-date= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  15. https://web.archive.org/web/20230409110408/https://informburo.kz/novosti/skolko-tepla-dast-novaya-tec-3-v-astane-rasskazal-kasymbek. Archived from the original on 09 April 2023. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |archive-date= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  16. https://kz.kursiv.media/2023-10-27/dmnv-tecz-3-2/; https://inbusiness.kz/ru/last/kogda-zapustyat-dolgozhdannuyu-tec-3-v-astane-rasskazal-glava-minenergo https://arbat.media/vaznoe-v-kazaxstane/tec-3-v-astane-zapustyat-k-koncu-goda-5868; https://kz.kursiv.media/2023-10-27/dmnv-tecz-3-2/; https://inbusiness.kz/ru/last/kogda-zapustyat-dolgozhdannuyu-tec-3-v-astane-rasskazal-glava-minenergo. {{cite web}}: Check |url= value (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  17. https://kz.kursiv.media/2023-10-27/dmnv-tecz-3-2/ https://informburo.kz/novosti/skolko-tepla-dast-novaya-tec-3-v-astane-rasskazal-kasymbek; https://kz.kursiv.media/2023-10-27/dmnv-tecz-3-2/. {{cite web}}: Check |url= value (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  18. 18.0 18.1 https://energybase.ru/power-plant/Akmola-CHP-3. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  19. "2022 Astana Energy Annual Report (page 19)" (PDF). astana-energy.kz. 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  20. "АКЦИОНЕРНОЕ ОБЩЕСТВО "АСТАНА-ЭНЕРГИЯ"". opi.dfo.kz. Retrieved December 2023. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |access-date= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  21. "2019 Astana Energy Annual Report (page 36)" (PDF). astana-energy.kz. 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  22. Karaca et al., "DiMIZA: A dispersion modeling based impact zone assessment of mercury (Hg) emissions from coal-fired power plants and risk evaluation for inhalation exposure," Engineering Reports, published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., December 29, 2020
  23. "Project Construction of CHP-3 in Astana, 1st stage," АО «Институт КазНИПИЭнергопром», accessed July 19, 2021
  24. "Коррупция мешает очистить воздух Казахстана от опасных выбросов ТЭЦ," Forbes Kazakhstan, Issue No. 11, July 2012
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 "ТЭЦ-3 Астаны запустится в 2019 году," inbusiness.kz, June 18, 2018
  26. "Doomed to Coal: Overview Coal Mining and Coal Energy Generation in Kazakhstan Status and Prospects," Center for the New Environmentally Friendly Technologies (CINEST), 2017
  27. 27.0 27.1 "Когда возобновят строительство ТЭЦ-3 в Нур-Султане," inbusiness.kz, February 22, 2021
  28. "О строительстве ТЭЦ-3 рассказал аким столицы". Kazinform. Nov 8, 2021. Retrieved Nov 10, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 "Депутаты Нур-Султана: деньги потрачены, а ТЭЦ-3 нет," Astana.kz, June 17, 2021
  30. 30.0 30.1 30.2 "«Мы сможем, вернее, мечтаем»: Почему запуск ТЭЦ-3 в Астане откладывается каждый год и сколько на нее тратят? (ВИДЕО с дрона)," New Times, March 19, 2019
  31. "Возобновлена работа по реализации проекта 'Строительство ТЭЦ-3 в г.Астана,'" Nomad, July 19, 2021 (citing Press service of the Accounts Committee, July 13, 2021)
  32. "Аким Нур-Султана поручил закончить строительство коммунального долгостроя в 2022 году". Sputnik.kz. Jan 22, 2022. Retrieved May 25, 2022.
  33. INFORM.KZ (2022-11-05). "Как идет строительство ТЭЦ-3 в Астане: 5 Ноября 2022, 15:19 - новости на inform.kz". Казинформ (in русский). Retrieved 2022-11-14.
  34. "Бывший аким Астаны Алтай Кульгинов обещал, что ТЭЦ-3 будет запущена в январе 2023 года". Informburo.kz. January 25, 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  35. "До декабря 2023 года в Астане запустят коммунальный долгострой ТЭЦ-3. Об этом заявил аким Астаны Женис Касымбек". Arbat. media. June 30, 2023. Retrieved June 30, 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  36. "В Астане начали запускать ТЭЦ-3, которую строили более 12 лет". Курсив. October 27, 2023. Retrieved October 30, 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  37. "В Астане завершили строительство ТЭЦ-3 и двух газовых тепловых станций". gurk.kz. December 22, 2023. Retrieved December 22, 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  38. "К разработке проекта второй очереди ТЭЦ-3 Астаны приступят в следующем году". inbusiness.kz. September 6, 2023. Retrieved December 22, 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

Additional data

To access additional data, including interactive maps of the power stations, downloadable datases, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Plant Tracker and the Global Oil and Gas Plant Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.