Astana-3 power station

From Global Energy Monitor

Astana-3 power station (also referenced as Astana CHP-3, Akmola CHP-3, ТЭЦ-3 Астаны, ТЭЦ-3 АО"АлЭС", Астанинская ТЭЦ-3, or TETS-3 AO "Ales") is a 240-megawatt (MW) natural gas- and coal-fired combined heat and power station under construction in Nur-Sultan (formerly Astana), Akmola region, Kazakhstan.

Construction has been underway at the site for many years, originally as a coal plant (subsequently cancelled). The project is now a gas-fired power station, with coal as a reserve fuel.

Location

The map below shows the exact location of the power station in Nur-Sultan (formerly Astana), Saryarka district, Akmola region, Kazakhstan.

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Background

The proposed power station is near the Astana-1 power station and Astana-2 power station.

Nur-Sultan (formerly Astana)

Nur-Sultan is the capital of Kazakhstan located on the banks of the Ishim River in the middle of steppes and has an extreme continental climate with some of the coldest winters in the world. Heating is centralized and the heating season in the city starts in October and is extended until May. As a result of coal burning and still air, the city experiences frequent smog episodes. The power stations utilize coal extracted from the open-pit mine “Bogatyr” in Ekibastuz, Kazakhstan.[1]

Construction & repeated delays

The website for a heat and power engineering institute named АО «Институт «КазНИПИЭнергопром» listed the construction of CHP-3 in Astana's 1st stage as a project with a timeframe of 2010 to 2015.[2]

In July 2012, a Forbes article discussing how corruption interferes with cleaning the air of Kazakhstan from hazardous emissions from thermal power plants also noted that Astana CHP-3 (Астанинская ТЭЦ-3) was under construction. In addition, only basic "dust cleaning" was set to be installed at the site.[3] The power station was scheduled to be completed by 2016.[4]

A 2010-2014 government table forecasting power projects in the Northern, Western, and Southern zones from 2014 through 2030 listed "CHPP*-3 Astana 240 MW" as 120 MW expected in 2018 and 120 MW expected in 2019.[5]

However, in 2018, a Deputy Chairman at a press conference of the municipal holding JSC Astana Energo Service (AES) noted that "construction readiness" was somewhere around 93 percent and "technological equipment readiness" only around 50-60 percent, for a "total readiness" of 62.3 percent. The power station's launch was expected by "next year" (or 2019).[4]

In February 2021, a local government agency reported that construction and installation work was stalled and planned to resume in the third quarter of 2021, with completion before the start of the heating season in 2022/23. The project appeared to be 70% completed.[6]

Project updated from coal to gas

In 2018, Astana Energo Service proposed completely transferring Astana CHP-1 and CHP-3 from coal to gas.[4]

According to an October 2020 audit by the Accounts Committee for Control over the Execution of the Republican Budget publicized in July 2021, the construction of Astana CHP-3 has been frozen since 2018 to "adjust the design and estimate documentation." 5 billion tenge (US$12 million) was allocated from the Republican Budget for the project, and construction work resumed at the site in May 2021.[7] At least an additional 30 billion tenge (US$70 million) is needed to finish the project.[8]

In February 2021, it was reported that the main fuel at the facility would be natural gas, while the reserve fuel would be coal. In addition, the city may build two additional "local gas boiler houses."[6][9]

Financial controversies

The project has been underway for more than a decade, and although the initial project was estimated to cost 87 billion or 193.7 billion tenge (US$203-451 million), many believe that the project updates and delays are resulting in significant cost increases.[8][9] In addition, many are concerned by the general lack of transparency over the years, and the project contractor, АО «Центрказэнергомонтаж», has been criticized.[8]

In 2014, there were rumors that Russian entrepreneurs would become the investors of the second stage of Astana CHP-3 by agreement with the Central Asian Fuel and Energy Company (CAPEC).[9]

Ownership

Astana Energo Service (AES) is the power and heat holding in Astana. The companies that are part of the AES holding include Astana Energia (power and heat generation). Astana Energosbyt, a private entity totally independent from AES, is the power and heat billing company responsible for commercial distribution of heat.[10]

Project Details

  • Sponsor: Astana Energia[11]
  • Parent company: Astana Energia[12]
  • Location: Nur-Sultan (formerly Astana), Saryarka district, Akmola region, Kazakhstan
  • Coordinates: 51.211022, 71.427933 (exact)[11][13]
  • Gross generating capacity (construction): 240 MW
  • Gross generating capacity (cancelled): 240 MW
    • Unit 1: Coal-fired steam turbine, 120 MW
    • Unit 2: Coal-fired steam turbine, 120 MW

Articles and Resources

References

  1. Karaca et al., "DiMIZA: A dispersion modeling based impact zone assessment of mercury (Hg) emissions from coal-fired power plants and risk evaluation for inhalation exposure," Engineering Reports, published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., December 29, 2020
  2. "Project Construction of CHP-3 in Astana, 1st stage," АО «Институт КазНИПИЭнергопром», accessed July 19, 2021
  3. "Коррупция мешает очистить воздух Казахстана от опасных выбросов ТЭЦ," Forbes Kazakhstan, Issue No. 11, July 2012
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 "ТЭЦ-3 Астаны запустится в 2019 году," inbusiness.kz, June 18, 2018
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Doomed to Coal: Overview Coal Mining and Coal Energy Generation in Kazakhstan Status and Prospects," Center for the New Environmentally Friendly Technologies (CINEST), 2017
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 "Когда возобновят строительство ТЭЦ-3 в Нур-Султане," inbusiness.kz, February 22, 2021
  7. "Возобновлена работа по реализации проекта 'Строительство ТЭЦ-3 в г.Астана,'" Nomad, July 19, 2021 (citing Press service of the Accounts Committee, July 13, 2021)
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "Депутаты Нур-Султана: деньги потрачены, а ТЭЦ-3 нет," Astana.kz, June 17, 2021
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 "«Мы сможем, вернее, мечтаем»: Почему запуск ТЭЦ-3 в Астане откладывается каждый год и сколько на нее тратят? (ВИДЕО с дрона)," New Times, March 19, 2019
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 "Municipal Energy Efficiency Plan for the City of ASTANA," World Bank’s Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP), November 2017
  11. 11.0 11.1 Акмолинская ТЭЦ-3, Energybase, accessed Jul 20, 2021
  12. Наша история, Astana-Energy, accessed Jul 8, 2021
  13. Tets 3, Google Maps, accessed Jul 20, 2021
  14. 14.0 14.1 Egerer, Jonas; Mendelevitch, Roman; von Hirschhausen, Christian (2014). A lower carbon strategy for the electricity sector of Kazakhstan to 2030/50: Scenarios for generation and network development. Technical report, DIW Berlin: Politikberatung kompakt, No. 85, Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW).