Baganuur power station

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Baganuur power station (Багануурын дулааны станц) is a power station in the pre-permit stage in Baganuur, Tov, Mongolia.


Table 1: Project-level location details

Plant name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Baganuur power station Baganuur, Tov, Mongolia 47.745697, 108.355172 (exact)

The map below shows the exact location of the power station.

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Unit-level coordinates (WGS 84):

  • Unit 1, Unit 2: 47.745697, 108.355172

Project Details

Table 2: Unit-level details

Unit name Status Fuel(s) Capacity (MW) Technology Start year Retired year
Unit 1 pre-permit coal - subbituminous 200 supercritical 2027[1]
Unit 2 pre-permit coal - subbituminous 200 supercritical 2027[1]

Table 3: Unit-level ownership and operator details

Unit name Owner
Unit 1 Baganuur Power LLC [100.0%]
Unit 2 Baganuur Power LLC [100.0%]

Project-level coal details

  • Coal source(s): Baganuur mine


A May 2014 brochure for the Energy Mongolia International Conference & Expo refers to a 700 MW thermal power plant as one project for which international investment was being sought.[2]

Bids for a coal-fired Baganuur Power Plant Project were held in 2014; the Government of Mongolia approved the Invest Mongolia Agency to supervise the Build-Operate-Transfer agreement, which was awarded to registered Mongolian company Baganuur Power LLC. The agreement duration is 25 years; four years of construction and 21 years of operation. A construction contract was awarded to China National Nuclear Corporation (China Nuclear Industry 22).[3]

A groundbreaking ceremony was held on December 23, 2015. The project will include two supercritical coal-fired power generating units with capacity of 350 MW each. Total investment was estimated at US$1 billion.[4]

Construction on the chimney foundation and the factory front area allegedly began in 2017.[5] Bidding on plant parts and construction was ongoing in 2018.[6]

The power station was planned for commissioning in 2019,[7] but a 2018 government report[8] and 2019 OECD report[9] estimate commissioning in 2021.

According to a 2020 news article in, construction on the power station had stalled since 2018. The article said construction was planned to resume, although a date was not offered. The size of the plant may also be reduced to 400 MW.[10]

In 2021, the project did appear to be moving forward. An agreement to sell and purchase electricity was signed in July 2021, which is a subsidiary agreement for the Baganuur Power Plant project. The supplementary agreement reportedly stipulated that it would consist of two 200 MW units. The units was expected to be commissioned by 2023 or 2026 depending on the source.[11]

A government portal said the following (Google Translate):[12]

"According to the 27th note of the Government of Mongolia dated April 28, 2021, the Public Procurement Agency was instructed to organize the necessary amendments to the concession agreement of the 'Baganuur Power Plant' project in accordance with the relevant legislation. An additional concession agreement was signed on May 14, 2021 between Baganuur Power LLC, the concessionaire of the Baganuur Power Plant project, and the Public Procurement Agency. Accordingly, 'National Dispatch Center' State Joint Stock Company, 'National Electricity Transmission Network' State Joint Stock Company and Baganuur Power LLC signed an agreement to amend the 'Electricity Sale and Purchase Agreement' in July 2021. Additional agreement №2 was signed on the 23rd.
Currently, Baganuur Power LLC, the concessionaire, is cooperating with Baganuur JSC and the Energy Development Center SOEC to amend the accompanying concession agreements, such as the Coal Sale and Purchase Agreement and the Technical and Inspection Agreement. In order to begin construction of the plant in 2022, the company is working to obtain the necessary permits from the relevant central government agencies to begin construction."

One 2022 article discussed the energy ministry and their upcoming projects, mentioning the building of a transmission line to Baganuur and an "expansion" of the Baganuur thermal power plant. However, the same article included a quote, stating: "Globally, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, banks and financial institutions are beginning to avoid financing coal-fired power plant projects. Therefore, the country must clarify its policy in this regard".[13]

Since the government's November 2021 announcement about securing permits,[12] the project was mentioned in an August 2022 article discussing Mongolian grid stability,[14] and was included as a planned project under the government’s New Revival Policy in a September 2022 document on Mongolia's long-term development policy.[15]

In May 2023, the Minister of Energy reportedly spoke about measures that the country was taking to improve energy independence and this included putting the Baganuur power station into operation by 2027.[16]

In September 2023, an official from the Baganuur district said they were transferring the power plant project to a concessionaire in the private sector. A concessionaire had reportedly been selected and work on the power plant was expected to begin in 2024.[17]


The project reached financial closure in December 2015. US$1 billion in equity will be provided by the sponsor, Baganuur Power LLC.[18][19]

The Mongolian company Baganuur Power LLC has been awarded the 25-year build-operate-transfer concession contract.[19]

Reports from February 2022 discussed that a Mongolian bank, translated as "the Development Bank", was connected to the Baganuur power plant. The report stated that the bank had gone bankrupt.[20]

Articles and Resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 Archived from the original on 25 January 2024. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. "Energy Mongolia International Conference & Expo", page 6.
  3. "Baganuur Power Plant construction commences," MAD, December 25, 2015, Archived Feb. 12, 2016
  4. "Mongolia’s first mine-mouth coal power plant starts construction," China Coal Resource, December 28, 2015
  5. "公司领导到蒙古国巴格诺尔电站检查工作," CPECC, August 24, 2017
  6. "蒙古国巴格诺尔2×350MW超临界燃煤热电联产电站工程【二次公告】," CNTCITC, August 7, 2018
  7. Alicia J. Campi, "Mongolian Mega Construction Projects Push for Energy Security, Regional Connectivity," Eurasia Daily Monitor Volume: 13 Issue: 23, February 3, 2016
  8. "Mongolia Third National Communication," UNFCCC, October 14, 2018
  9. GREEN Action Task Force, OECD, September 2018
  10. Ц.Сандаг-Очир: Багануурын станцыг цаг алдалгүй барих,", May 29, 2020
  11. "Хараат байдлаас гаръя гэвэл цахилгаан станцуудаа барь!," News.Mn, December 2, 2021
  12. 12.0 12.1 "Багануурын 400 МВт-ын цахилгаан станцыг төсөл," Mongolia Government, last updated November 25, 2021, accessed January 2022
  13. "Energy Ministry to carry through 22 projects," The UB Post, March 23, 2022
  14. "Grid energy storage to be put into operation before 2023 winter peak," Montsame, August 4, 2022
  15. "Монгол Улсын Алсын хараа 2050 Монгол Улс бие даасан, цэвэр эрчим хүч экспортлогч Улс болгох замын зураглал," Монголын эрчим хүчний засаглал хөтөлбөр, September 2022
  16. "Б.Чойжилсүрэн: Эрчим хүчний үнийг чөлөөлөхөөс өөр аргагүй болсон,", May 19, 2023
  17. "Ц.Сандаг-Очир: Бид хөгжлийн шинэ шатаа зүүн бүсийн тулгуур хот гэж хардаг," Монголын үнэн, September 22, 2023
  18. "Strategic Infrastructure Planning for Sustainable Development in Mongolia". OECD. September 18, 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  19. 19.0 19.1 "Preview of Baganuur Coal-Fired Power Plant (700MW) | Transaction | IJGlobal". Retrieved September 21, 2020.
  20. "Хөгжлийн банкыг СҮЙРҮҮЛСЭН “сахал” Д.Эрдэнэбилэгийн ТАВИУЛУУД,", February 24, 2022

Additional data

To access additional data, including an interactive map of coal-fired power stations, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Plant Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.