Baruun Naran Coal Mine

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Baruun Naran Coal Mine (Баруун Наран нүүрсний уурхай) is an operating coal mine in Khankhongor soum, Umnugobi aimag, Mongolia.


Table 1: Project-level location details

Mine Name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Baruun Naran Coal Mine Khankhongor soum, Umnugobi aimag, Mongolia[1] 43.597948, 105.222627 (exact)

The map below shows the exact location of the coal mine:

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Project Details

Table 2: Project status

Status Status Detail Opening Year Closing Year
Operating[1] 2012[1]

Table 3: Operation details

Note: The asterisk (*) signifies that the value is a GEM estimated figure.
Capacity (Mtpa) Production (Mtpa) Year of Production Mine Type Mining Method Mine Size (km2) Mine Depth (m) Workforce Size
0.4[2] 2022[2] Surface Open Pit 44.8[2] 60* 439*

Table 4: Coal resources and destination

Total Reserves (Mt) Year of Total Reserves Recorded Total Resources (Mt) Coalfield Coal Type Coal Grade Primary Consumer/ Destination
280[2] 410[2] Tsaikhar Khudag[1] Bituminous Met Buuruljuut power station

Table 5: Ownership and parent company

Owner Parent Company Headquarters
Mongolian Mining Corp Mongolian Mining Corporation Mongolia

Note: The above section was automatically generated and is based on data from the GEM April 2024 Global Coal Mine Tracker dataset.


Baruun Naran coal mine (Баруун Наран нүүрсний уурхай) is a surface coal mine in South Gobi, Mongolia. The Baruun Naran coal project was referred to in a 2009 World Bank report as having a potential life span of 20 years producing 6 million tonnes a year. The report stated that the mine could begin production in 2012.[3]

QGX Holdings of Kerry Mining acquired the Baruun Naran deposit in 2008 for US$ 260 million. In 2011, Energy Resources LLC bought the coal mine for US$464.5 million. At the time of sale, the feasibility study had not yet been finalized.[4] The mine was later valued at only US$190 million.[5]

In 2010, Energy Resources LLC became an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of the Mongolian Mining Corporation (MMC).[6] The mine is operated by Khangad Exploration LLC of MMC.[7]

In 2011, the Reserve Report for the Baruun Naran Coal Project estimated it could have a capacity of 10 mtpa: six met and four thermal.[8]

According to the Khangad Exploration website, the BN mining license covers a total area of approximately 4,482 hectares in size and contains around 330 million metric tons of coal resources and 174 Mt of coal reserves. Commercial coal mining operations started in February 2012.[7]

In November 2013, the Mongolian Ministry of Mining reported the mine produced 0.8 million metric tons of coal in 2012 and was expected to reach 7 mtpa.[9]

  • Operator: Khangad Exploration LLC
  • Owner: Mongolian Mining Corporation (MMC)
  • Location: South Gobi (Ömnögovi) Province, Mongolia
  • GPS Coordinates: 43.597948, 105.222627 (exact)
  • Status: Operating
  • Production: 0.5 mtpa (2021)[10]
  • Total Resource: 410 million tonnes[10]
  • Total Reserves: 280 million tonnes[10]
  • Coal Type: Metallurgical
  • Mine Size: 44.8 km2
  • Mine Type: Surface
  • Start year: 2012
  • Source of Financing:

Articles and Resources

Additional data

To access additional data, including an interactive map of world coal mines, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Mine Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Archived from the original on 21 January 2024. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 (PDF) {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. World Bank, "Southern Mongolia Infrastructure Strategy", International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank, August 2009, page ii. (The report was funded by Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF) and the Australian Government’s AusAID – East Asia and Pacific Infrastructure for Growth Trust Fund.) (Pdf)
  4. ""Энержи Ресурс" Баруун Нарангийн нүүрсний ордыг худалдаж авлаа". (in монгол). 2011-06-02. Retrieved 2020-10-07.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ""Энержи Ресурс" яагаад дампуурч байгаа вэ". | Mongolian Mining. 2015-07-07. Retrieved 2020-10-07.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. "Mongolian Mining Corporation (00975)". Retrieved 2016-03-31.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Baruun Naran mine". Энержи Ресурс ХХК (in монгол). Retrieved 2020-10-07.
  8. [ "JORC Reserve Report: Baruun Naran Coal Project, Mongolia,"] SRK Consulting, March 2011
  9. Master Plan Study for Coal Development, Mongolian Ministry of Mining, November 2013
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Annual Report 2021, Mongolian Mining Corporation website, April 2022.