Bilbao LNG Terminal
|This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
Bilbao LNG Terminal is a liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal in Biscay, Spain.
The terminal is located at the Port of Bilbao, Zierbena, Biscay, Spain.
- Owner: Enagás, 50.00%, EVE, 50.00%
- Location: Port of Bilbao, Zierbena, Biscay, Spain
- Coordinates: 43.3612, -3.09473 (exact)
- Type: Import
- Capacity: 5.1 mtpa
- Status: Operating
- Start Year: 2003
Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day
Bilbao LNG Terminal is an LNG terminal in Biscay, Spain that was commissioned in 2003. The project cost €264 million and was constructed in 30 months under a turnkey engineering, procurement, and construction contract by the Technigaz, Initec and Sofregaz consortium. It features three LNG storage tanks, each with a capacity of 150,000 m3, four 200,000 Nm3 seawater vaporizers that connect to the grid and an 800 MW natural gas combined cycle power station, facilities for unloading LNG carriers of up to 270,000m3, tank trunk loading stations that can load 15 trucks per day, and ancillary systems.
The Bilbao complex is one of Spain's busiest LNG terminals, occasionally operating at near 100% capacity. In 2019, Bilbao operated at 76% of its capacity on an annualized basis, ranking far ahead of every other LNG terminal in Spain; by contrast, the second-place Huelva LNG Terminal operated at 38%. On average, Spain's six active LNG terminals operate at around 25% of capacity.
Opposition groups have cited the low utilization rates among Spain's LNG terminals to call into question the necessity of such extensive LNG infrastructure. According to Food and Water Europe, "Since 2008, all LNG terminals (except for Mugardos) have been expanded and the total regasification capacity has increased by 8%, despite a decline in gas demand...even though the utilisation rate of Spain’s LNG regasification capacity was at only ~23% on average between January 2012 and March 2019, same as the low EU average during the same time period! The need to have so much LNG regasification capacity is questionable and best illustrated with the El Musel LNG Terminal (7bcm/y and a 300,000m³ storage capacity) which was completed in 2012 and then directly put into 'hibernation', 'until demand picks up'. The terminal has not been used since then. Despite large underutilization, Spain was the 5th biggest LNG importer with the 5th biggest liquefaction capacities worldwide in 2018, and for both cases number 1 in Europe (followed by France). Since at least 2016, Spain repeatedly imported cargoes of fracked US gas through its LNG terminals."
Articles and resources
- 2020 World LNG Report, page 102, International Gas Union, April 27, 2020
- LNG IN EUROPE 2018: An Overview of LNG Import Terminals in Europe, King & Spalding, 2018
- GIIGNL 2021 Annual Report, accessed May 5, 2021
- Bilbao LNG Terminal, GEO, accessed April 2017
- Bahia de Bizkaia Regasification Plant, Bilbao, Spain, Hydrocarbons Technology, accessed September 2017
- Our plant, Bahia de Bizkaia, accessed January 2021
- "La regasificadora de Sagunto alcanza un mínimo de utilización del 0% tras una inversión de 500 millones". El Diario. December 25, 2018.
- "La terminal de GNL de Mugardos es la tercera más utilizada del sistema español en 2019 | Revista Ingeniería Naval". Sector Marítimo. January 17, 2020.
- Spain Food and Water Europe, accessed December 6, 2019