Bin Qasim power station

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Bin Qasim power station is a dual-fuel (natural gas and fuel oil) power plant in Bin Qasim Town, Malir, Sindh province, Pakistan.


The map below shows the location of the plant. A new combined cycle generation plant is located immediately to the south, the 560 MW Bin Qasim Power Plant-2.

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Background on repowering project

Plans to repower Units 3 & 4 of the plant to use coal rather than gas and fuel oil have been cancelled.

The 900 MW addition of Block 3 is under construction.

According to Wikipedia, K-Electric is collaborating with Bright Eagle Enterprise, a Hong Kong based company, to convert Units 3 & 4 of the 1260 MW Bin Qasim power station I from residual fuel oil to coal under a Joint Development Agreement.[1]

In July 2014 it was reported the project had been granted environmental clearance, and was 420 MW.[2]

As of 2015, the project was being pursued by K-Energy, a separate company from K-Electric. K-Energy was granted a generation license for the repower project by the National Electric Power Regulatory Authority in March 2015.[3]

K-Energy signed a contract with Harbin Electric of China in 2013, under which Harbin will construct coal-fired boilers for the two units of Bin Qasim. K-Energy said that work on the US$400 million project is set to begin and would take two-and-a-half years.[4]

In February 2016, K-Electric rejected the 30-year power pricing tariff that had been set by the National Electric Power Regulatory Authority, stating that NEPRA's tariff level "may render the project unviable." Regulatory filings indicated that the project's cost had inflated to $624 million.[5][6]

In 2017 K-Electric said it was planning a 2 x 450 MW plant run on LNG at the site, to replace the 420 MW oil plant. Plans for coal are not mentioned.[7]

Since 2016 K-Electric has abandoned the repowering project, given that K-Energy (again, a separate company from K-Electric, and the company to whom K-Electric had leased Units 3 & 4 for the repower project) has not made any progress in pursuing the project. In February 2018, NEPRA revoked K-Energy's 2015 permit for the repower, and restored K-Electric's permit for ongoing use of Units 3 & 4 using fuel oil.[3]


In October 2016 Abraaj Group agreed to sell its stake in K-Electric, Pakistan’s largest power utility, for US$1.77 billion to Shanghai Electric Power (SEP) of China. SEP would have acquired a 66.4 per cent stake in K-Electric.[8][9]. That deal never went through, however it was approved again in 2018.[10] It's unclear if the deal has proceeded.

Project details for Units 3 & 4 repowering project

  • Sponsor: K-Electric (formerly Karachi Electric Supply Company)
  • Parent company: The Abraaj Group [31%]; Government of Pakistan [26%]; K-Electric Employees [10%]; Al Jomaih Power Limited [20%]; Denham Investment Limited [13%] [10]
  • Location: Bin Qasim Town, Malir, Sindh province, Pakistan
  • Coordinates: 24.7848644, 67.3603052 (exact)
  • Status: Operating
  • Gross generating capacity (operating): 1,820 MW
    • Unit 1-1: Gas- and fuel oil-fired[11] steam turbine[12], 210 MW[13] (start-up in 1983)[12]
    • Unit 1-2: Gas- and fuel oil-fired[11] steam turbine[12], 210 MW[13] (start-up in 1984)[12]
    • Unit 1-3: Gas- and fuel oil-fired[11] steam turbine[12], 210 MW[13] (start-up in 1989)[12]
    • Unit 1-4: Gas- and fuel oil-fired[11] steam turbine[12], 210 MW[13] (start-up in 1990)[12]
    • Unit 1-5: Gas- and fuel oil-fired[11] steam turbine[12], 210 MW[13] (start-up in 1991)[12]
    • Unit 1-6: Gas- and fuel oil-fired[11] steam turbine[12], 210 MW[13] (start-up in 1997)[11]
    • Unit 2-1: Gas- and fuel oil-fired[14] combined-cycle[15], 560 MW[16] (start-up in 2012)[12]
  • Gross generating capacity (construction): 900 MW[17]
  • Projected in service:
  • Coal Type: Subcritical[6]
  • Coal Source:
  • Source of financing:

Articles and resources


  1. K-Electric, Wikipedia, accessed August 2014
  2. Faiza Ilyas, Sepa ignores environmental concerns, approves coal power projects,, July 7, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 Order of the Authority in the Matter of Suo-Moto Review Proceedings Regarding Generation Licence of K-Energy (Pvt.) Limited and Licensee Proposed Modification-V in the Generation Licence of K-Electric Limited, National Electric Power Regulatory Authority, February 2018
  4. Diarmaid Williams, Bin Qasim Power Station to undergo $400m coal-fired power conversion, Power Engineering International, March 19, 2015
  5. K-Energy rejects tariff for coal power generation, The News, February 13, 2016
  6. 6.0 6.1 Determination of the Authority in the Matter of Tariff Petition filed by K-Energy (Pvt.) Ltd. (KEPL) for Determination of Tariff for 421.909 MW (Gross) Coal Conversion Project of Unit 3 & 4 of Bin Qasim Power Station — I at Bin Qasim, Karachi, National Electric Power Regulatory Authority, December 9, 2015
  7. K-Electric plans to install 900MW LNG power plant, The News, April 30, 2017
  8. Shanghai Electric to pay US$1.77b for Pakistan’s K-Electric, Asia Times, October 31, 2016
  9. Shanghai Electric to Pay $1.8 Billion for Stake in K-Electric, Bloomberg, October 30, 2016
  10. 10.0 10.1 CCOP approves sale of K-Electric stake, Pakistan Tribune, March 31, 2018
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 Bin Qasim Thermal Power Station Unit 6 Project, Japan International Cooperation Agency, March 2001
  12. 12.00 12.01 12.02 12.03 12.04 12.05 12.06 12.07 12.08 12.09 12.10 12.11 Preparatory Survey on JICA Cooperation Program for Industry Development (Investment Climate Improvement in Karachi), Chapter 3, Japan International Cooperation Agency : Nippon Koei Co., Ltd., September 2012
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.5 Internship Report: Plant Operation Area Bin Qasim Power Thermal Power Station I, K-Electric Limited, August 14, 2015
  14. Pakistan: Karachi Electric Supply Company Post Privatization Rehabilitation, Upgrade and Expansion, K-Electric Limited, October 2010
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 Generation,, accessed March 2, 2021
  16. BQPS-II Supplement Karachi Electric Supply Limited, accessed Mar 2, 2021
  17. BQPS-III first turbine commissioning on fast track, Pakistan Daily Times, January 21, 2021
  18. 18.0 18.1 Siemens, Harbin win contract for 900MW power plant in Pakistan, World Construction Network, October 24, 2019
  19. 19.0 19.1 Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) of BQPS-III 900MW RLNG CCPP, K-Electric, June 2017
  20. 20.0 20.1 OGRA approves K-Electric's license to construct and operate pipeline for natural gas, RLNG, Geo News, January 7, 2021

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