Bolivia–Peru Gas Pipeline
|This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
The Bolivia–Peru Gas Pipeline, also known as the Bolivia–Ilo pipeline, is a proposed natural gas pipeline in Bolivia and Peru.
The pipeline would run from YPFB's natural gas hub in Río Grande, Santa Cruz department, Bolivia to Ilo on Peru's Pacific coast.
- Operator: YPFB
- Parent Company:
- Length: 900 km / 559 miles
- Status: Proposed
- Start Year:
In January 2019, the Peruvian government announced that it had launched negotiations with Bolivia regarding the possibility of constructing a pipeline to bring natural gas from Bolivia's Santa Cruz department to southern Peru. In June 2019, Bolivian president Evo Morales and Peruvian president Martín Vizcarra signed a joint declaration listing the proposed pipeline as one of several projects being considered for future development by the two countries.
The proposed pipeline would be built in conjunction with a new gas liquefaction plant and export terminal in Ilo, Peru. The project was conceived as a means to provide new export markets for Bolivian natural gas at a time when Bolivia's existing contracts to supply gas to Brazil and Argentina are set to expire, in 2020 and 2026, respectively. Both Brazil and Argentina have recently begun developing their own natural gas reserves – Brazil in the pre-salt formations off its southeastern coast, and Argentina in the Vaca Muerta shale fields of Neuquén province – creating uncertainty for future agreements with Bolivia.
Gas transported through the new pipeline would initially be sold to customers in southern Peru and eventually exported to China, India, and other Asian countries. Bolivia has also expressed interest in reaching other export markets via an interconnection with Peru's proposed Southern Gas Pipeline.
As of June 2019, Engie S.A. and Kallpa Generation S.A., which operate Southern Peru's two largest power plants in Ilo and Mollendo, had already signed memoranda of agreement with Bolivia's Ministry of Hydrocarbons and the state-owned oil company YPFB to purchase Bolivian natural gas. However, a 2019 survey indicates that 62% of Peruvians oppose the importation of natural gas from Bolivia, with many preferring to develop Peru's own natural gas reserves in the Camisea basin, which are estimated to total 12.9 trillion cubic feet (tcf) vs. Bolivia's 10.7 tcf.
The estimated time frame for constructing the pipeline, which would climb west from the lowlands of Santa Cruz across Bolivia's altiplano before descending to Peru's Pacific coast, is at least three years.
Articles and resources
- "Perú y Bolivia evalúan construcción de gasoducto desde el altiplano hasta puerto en el Pacífico". Reuters. January 10, 2019.
- "Bolivia busca exportar más por puertos de Perú como alternativa a Chile". Reuters. June 25, 2019.
- "Perú y Bolivia construirán red de gas y subirán la carga por Ilo". Página Siete. June 26, 2019.
- "Bolivia y Perú prevén interconectar gasoductos en sur peruano". El País CR. June 26, 2019.
- "Escenario complicado en mercado de gas para Bolivia". El Diario. July 22, 2019.
- ""Gasoducto boliviano facilitaría el desarrollo del sur del Perú"". Encuentro. July 1, 2019.
- "Bolivia no descarta abastecer de gas natural al sur del Perú con su gasoducto a Ilo". Gestión Economía. May 30, 2019.
- "Bolivia planteará exportar su gas natural a través de futuro gasoducto sur del Perú -". Revista Minería y Energía. June 18, 2019.
- "Bolivia signs agreements to sell natural gas to Peru and Argentina". Telesur. June 17, 2019.