Botum Sakor power station

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the CoalSwarm coverage of Cambodia and coal
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Botum Sakor power station is a proposed 700-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station sponsored by the Royal Group for Koh Kong province, Cambodia.


The map below shows the proposed location for the plant in the Thmar Sa Village of Botum Sakor.[1]

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Background on Plant

In October 2016 it was reported a feasibility study for a 400 to 500 MW coal plant prepared by Royal Group was under examination by the Cambodian government. If approved the plant would be built in Stung Hav district. Feasibility reports for a coal plant in Cambodia by Royal Group go as far back as 2007.[2]

A 2018 Royal Group presentation states the company is planning a coal plant of 500MW in Sihanoukville at an estimated cost of US$860 million. Discussions with Chinese investors were reportedly ongoing.[3]

In June 2019, Royal Group asked for permission to expand the project’s capacity to 700 MW, citing increased power demand. Permission was granted in June 2019. The expansion requires a new project feasibility study, which will take an estimated 18 to 20 months to complete. The study will then be submitted to the government for approval.[4][5]

In February 2020, plant sponsor Royal Group and Chinese firm Sinosteel Equipment & Engineering Co., Ltd. were licensed to jointly construct a 700-megawatt plant in southwest Koh Kong province with an investment cost of US$1.34 billion U.S. dollars.[6] The government is donating 168 hectares in Botum Sakor National Park in Koh Kong to the Royal Group to build the coal plant, after re-classifying the land as private property.[7]

According to China Dialogue (October 2020), land clearing has begun for the coal plant, resulting in displacement. No environmental impact assessment (EIA) of the project has been made public.[8]

In November 2020, Sinosteel of China signed a US$1.1 billion contract with Royal Group to build the coal plant on a "Build, Own and Operate" (BOO) basis. The power station is planned for operation in 2023-2024.[9]

Land compensation

Reports state the project will cover an area of 168 hectares in Botum Sakor and affect 58 families who will be required to relocate. There are conflicting reports regarding the degree to which affected families have accepted compensation: on July 29, 2020, Khmer Times reported that all 58 families had accepted compensation,[10] while on July 28, 2020, provincial media stated only 26 had accepted.[11]


In February 2020, Cambodia Express News reported that the plant and transmission infrastructure is being financed by 30% company equity and 70% loan, at an interest rate of 6.5%, but does not state who is providing the loan.[12]

Coal source

The plant will run on imported coal, and the development plan includes a jetty for docking and offloading imported coal.[13]

Project Details

  • Sponsor: Botum Sakor Energy Co. Ltd.
  • Parent company: Royal Group
  • Developer: Sinosteel Engineering & Technology Co. Ltd.
  • Location: Thmar Sa Village, Botum Sakor district, Koh Kong province, Cambodia
  • Coordinates: 10.8916259, 103.3871304 (exact)
  • Status: Permitted
  • Capacity: 700 MW (Units 1&2: 350 MW)
  • Type:
  • Start date: 2023-2024
  • Coal Type:
  • Coal Source: Imported
  • Source of financing:
  • Permits and applications:

Articles and resources


  1. "国公省700兆瓦燃煤发电厂项目 开发区居民赔偿安置问题协商中". 柬中時報 (in 中文). 2020-06-04. Retrieved 2020-11-18.
  2. "Royal Group submits plan for coal-fired plant," Phnom Penh Post, 8 September 2016
  3. "An Introduction," Royal Group of Companies, 2018
  4. "Royal Group to do study on 700 MW power plant," Khmer Times, June 18, 2019
  5. "Fanning the flames," Globe, Oct 8, 2019
  6. "Two coal-fired power plant development projects approved - Khmer Times". Khmer Times. 2020-02-07. Retrieved 2020-05-12.
  7. "Firm granted land for Koh Kong coal plant". Phnompenh Post. August 9, 2020. Retrieved 2020-08-13.
  8. "Cambodia chooses coal in rush for power". China Dialogue. 2020-10-29. Retrieved 2020-11-17.
  9. "11.06亿美元拿下合同 中企承建国公省燃煤电站". 柬中時報 (in 中文). 2020-11-19. Retrieved 2020-11-22.
  10. "Royal Group compensates families over project". Khmer Times. 2020-07-29. Retrieved 2020-11-18.
  11. "ប្រជាព​ល​រដ្ឋ​ ២​៦​គ្រួ​សារ ព្រមទ​ទួ​លយ​កសំ​ណង​ លើ​គ​ម្រោង​អ​ភិ​វ​ឌ្ឍន៍ រោ​ងច​ក្រអគ្គិសនី ដុ​ត​ធ្យូង​ថ្ម​," កោះកុងទាន់ហេតុការណ៍, 2020-07-28
  12. Sambath Kong, "អនុម័តទាំ​ងស្រុងលើ “គម្រោងអភិវឌ្ឍរោងចក្រអ​គ្គិ​សនី​ដុតធ្យូងថ្ម ២៦៥មេហ្គាវ៉ាត់ នៅស្រុកត្រពាំងប្រាសាទ ​គម្រោងអភិវឌ្ឍបណ្ដាញប​ញ្ជូ​ន២​៣០គីឡូវ៉ុល ពីរោងចក្រអគ្គិសនីធ្យូ​ង​ថ្មខេ​ត្តឧត្ត​រ​មាន​ជ័​យ," CEN, 2020-11-18
  13. "Royal Group's 700 mW coal-fired power station gets Senate nod". Khmer Times. 2020-04-02. Retrieved 2020-11-18.

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