Burshtyn power station

From Global Energy Monitor

Burshtyn power station (ДТЕК Бурштинська ТЕС) is a 1,986-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station in Ukraine.

The station was studying options for closing four units replacing them with one or more new units totaling 800 MW, but plans stalled after public opposition. The station uses gas and fuel oil as reserve fuel.[1]

Location

The undated satellite photo below shows the power station in Halych Raion.

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Background on existing plant

The Burshtyn TES (formerly Burshtyn GRES, renamed in 1996) was built from 1962 to 1969, consisting of 12 units of 185 MW - 195 MW each. It is owned by Zakhidenergo DTEK.[2]

The Burshtyn power station was disconnected from the national grid in 2002 to form the Burshtyn Energy Island, a separate grid that exists to export power to the EU nations of Hungary, Slovakia and Romania.[3]

According to the company's 2012 annual report, plans for the current units were as follows:[2]

  • Unit 1 - 195 MW (1965), retrofit 2010, planned: major overhaul in 2016; retrofit in 2020–2021 to increase the installed capacity by 15 MW
  • Unit 2 - 185 MW (1965), retrofit 2008, planned: major overhaul in 2014. Retrofit in 2019–2020 to increase the capacity by 25 MW
  • Unit 3 - 185 MW (1966), retrofit 2008, planned: major overhaul in 2013
  • Unit 4 - 195 MW (1966), retrofit 2007, planned: major overhaul in 2013; retrofit in 2018–2019 to increase the capacity by 15 MW
  • Unit 5 - 195 MW (1967), retrofit 1998, planned: major overhaul in 2015 and 2020; retrofit in 2012–2013 to increase the capacity by 13 MW.
  • Unit 6 - 185 MW (1967), retrofit 2010, planned: major overhaul in 2015.
  • Unit 7 - 206 MW (1968), retrofit 2012, planned: retrofit in 2007–2012 to increase the capacity by 21 MW
  • Unit 8 - 195 MW (1968), retrofit 2009, planned: retrofit in 2016–2017 to increase the capacity by 15 MW
  • Unit 9 - 195 MW (1968), retrofit 2006, planned: Retrofit in 2015–2016 to increase the capacity by 15 MW
  • Unit 10 - 195 MW (1969), retrofit 2004, planned: Retrofit in 2014–2015 to increase the installed capacity by 15 MW
  • Unit 11 - 195 MW (1969), retrofit 2011, planned: Retrofit in 2017–2018 to increase the installed capacity by 15 MW
  • Unit 12 - 195 MW (1969), retrofit 2012, planned: retrofit in 2018–2019 to increase the installed capacity by 15 MW

In 2014 DTEK said it retrofitted unit 5 of Burshtyn to 208 MW,[4] and would start working on unit 10 in November.[5]

According to DTEK's website, as of May 2021, only Units 5, 6, and 10 have had their capacity increased since 2014: Unit 5's capacity increased from 208 MW to 215 MW; Unit 6 from 185 MW to 195 MW; and Unit 10 from 195 to 210 MW. At this time, Units 1 and 2 had been mothballed, leaving the power station with 1,986 MW of total capacity.[1]

In February 2022, 8 out of 12 units were operating; two were under repairs, one was mothballed, and the other kept in reserve, but it was unclear which specific units this was referring to.[6]

Proposed new units

In 2013 the U.S. Trade and Development Agency (USTDA) provided a grant in the amount of US$602,435 to DTEK to fund a feasibility study on "modernizing" the Burshtynskaya Power Plant. DTEK plans to develop one or more units totalling 800 MW of new capacity. The units may be ultra-supercritical, supercritical, and circulating fluidized bed, with the "sizes of individual units dependent on multiple factors."[7]

According to the National Ecological Centre of Ukraine, only seven units on average have operated at Burshtyn since 2008, therefore the proposed retrofit may not clean up old units, but instead bring units that are not currently operating back online.[8] Alternatively, an entirely new 800 MW ultra-supercritical unit might be built.[7][9]

After public pressure the 800 MW unit was put on hold by USTDA in July 2013. On August 1, 2013, DTEK’s director for generation Serhiy Tazin resigned.[10]

As of March 2016 plans for a new 800 MW unit appear to be abandoned, although the project was included in "The plan for development of United Energy System of Ukraine for 2015-2024."[11] The new 800 MW unit was not mentioned on the DTEK website as of January 2022.[1]

Accidents

According to Wikipedia, because its units are frequently stopped and started, the Burshtyn power station experiences a much higher than normal rate of accidents.[12] In the first seven months of 2021, there were 29 emergencies at the Burshtyn power station that required a stoppage of energy production.[13]

In November 2021, the State Inspectorate for Energy Supervision conducted an inspection of the Burshtyn power station, which found 11 violations of technological regulations.[14] From 2019 to 2021, there were five accidents at the power station that caused injuries to workers, and two workers died during that period as a result of accidents.[15]

One of those accidents happened in early November, when a spill occurred at the power station.[16] Despite DTEK preventing journalists from inspecting the site of the accident, using a quadcopter, they were able to capture aerial images of a large spill of black liquid, covering approximately 10 hectares. Experts who watched the video said that it appeared to be a rupture of the ash and slag pipeline, which had been allowed to leak for approximately 10 hours. Later analysis of the leaked fluid found it to be laced with arsenic. Despite its toxic nature, DTEK pumped the liquid back into the Burshtyn Reservoir, from which it flowed into local waterways.[17] DTEK also prevented the State Ecological Inspectorate of Ukraine from inspecting the spill, for which it was fined 785 UAH (approximately US$30).[16]

Several weeks later, on the night of November 28, 2021, a pipe at the Burshtyn power station ruptured, causing severe burns to four workers, who were hospitalized;[18] one of the workers ultimately died from their injuries.[19] A few hours later, a separate fire broke out at the power station. As a result of these incidents, the State Labor Division opened up an investigation into the power station.[20] And on December 1, 2021, the director of the power station resigned.[21]

Environmental Impact

According to Wikipedia, the Burshtyn power station has an extremely negative impact on the surrounding environment. For example, coal ash from the power station was found to blanket the area within a 30 kilometer radius of the power station. In part due to the coal-fired power station, in 2009, Burshtyn had the third worst air quality of any city in Ukraine.[12] In 2019, the Burshtynskaya power station was found to be the third worst polluting entity in Ukraine, and released more pollutants than any other power station.[22]

Project Details

  • Sponsor: Zakhidenergo DTEK
  • Parent company: SCM Holdings
  • Developer:
  • Location: Ivano-Frankivsk, Halych Raion, Ukraine
  • Coordinates: 49.210383, 24.666536 (exact)
  • Status: Operating (Units 3-12); Mothballed (Units 1-2)
  • Capacity: 1,986 MW (Operating); 380 MW (Mothballed)
  • Type:
  • Start date: 1962 to 1969
  • Coal Type: Hard coal
  • Coal Source: Lviv Volyny coalfield

Project Details of 800 MW expansion

  • Sponsor: Zakhidenergo DTEK
  • Parent company: SCM Holdings
  • Developer:
  • Location: Ivano-Frankivsk, Halych Raion, Ukraine
  • Coordinates: 49.210383, 24.666536 (exact)
  • Status: Cancelled
  • Capacity: 800 MW
  • Type: Undetermined; may be ultra-supercritical, supercritical, or circulating fluidized bed
  • Start date: 2019[9]
  • Coal Type: Hard coal
  • Coal Source: Lviv Volyny coalfield
  • Source of financing: USTDA

Resources and articles

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 ДТЕК БУРШТИНСЬКА ТЕС, DTEK, Accessed January 2022
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Energy in Action," DETK Annual Report 2012, p. 75
  3. "Ukranian coal plant 'facelift' actually means more pollution," Compass,
  4. "Integrated Report," DTEK Annual Report 2014, p. 92
  5. "DTEK Zakhidenergo to pay the state 43.3 million hryvnias in dividends," DTEK, Apr 25, 2014.
  6. "Сколько энергоблоков теплоэлектростанций Украины запущены в работу". ru.slovoidilo.ua. Feb 21, 2022. Retrieved Jun 27, 2022.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Request for proposals: Feasibility study of Burshtyn power station modernization," USTDA, 2013.
  8. "Overview of project for new unit at Burstyn TPP," National Ecological Centre of Ukraine, June 2013.
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Ukranian coal projects considered by energy community," National Ecological Centre of Ukraine, April 2013.
  10. "Ukraine 2013: Coal profile," National Ecological Centre of Ukraine, January 2014
  11. "План розвитку Об’єднаної енергетичної системи України на наступні десять років," Ukrenergo, 2015, p 12
  12. 12.0 12.1 Бурштинська ТЕС, Wikipedia (Ukrainian), Accessed January 2022
  13. Аварійних зупинок на ТЕС Західенерго побільшало у рази: Держенергонагляд назвав 10 тривожних причин, Daily Lyiv, Sep. 7, 2021
  14. На Бурштинській ТЕС Ахметова виявили 11 порушень на енергоблоках. У ДТЕК відповіли, Liga, Dec. 7, 2021
  15. Бурштинська ТЕС: п’ять аварій з двома загиблими впродовж трьох років, Suspilne Media, Nov. 30, 2021
  16. 16.0 16.1 Кліматичні активісти вимагають відставки міністра Галущенка, Ecotown, Dec. 10, 2021
  17. На ТЕС Ахметова трапилась масштабна аварія, але ДТЕК не пустив перевірку – розслідування ЦПК і «Схем», Radio Svoboda, Dec. 2, 2021
  18. На Бурштинській ТЕС сталися дві аварії, є четверо постраждалих, Economic Truth, Nov. 29, 2021
  19. Вибух на Бурштинській ТЕС став смертельним: помер у лікарні обпечений працівник, TSN, Dec. 5, 2021
  20. Бурштинську ТЕС перевірятиме комісія Держпраці, Suspline Media, Nov. 29, 2021
  21. Директор Бурштинської ТЕС пішов з посади, Suspilne Media, Dec. 3, 2021
  22. Бурштинська ТЕС увійшла у Топ-3 найбільших забруднювачів повітря, Varianty, September 9, 2019

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