Burshtyn power station

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Burshtyn power station is an operating power station of at least 1986-megawatts (MW) in Bovshiv, Halych, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine with multiple units, some of which are not currently operating.

Location

Table 1: Project-level location details

Plant name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Burshtyn power station Bovshiv, Halych, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine 49.208629, 24.666037 (exact)

The map below shows the exact location of the power station.

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Unit-level coordinates (WGS 84):

  • Unit 1, Unit 9, Unit 8, Unit 7, Unit 5, Unit 3, Unit 12, Unit 11, Unit 10, Unit 6, Unit 2, Unit 4: 49.208629, 24.666037
  • New Unit: 49.210383, 24.666536

Project Details

Table 2: Unit-level details

Unit name Status Fuel(s) Capacity (MW) Technology Start year Retired year
Unit 1 mothballed coal - unknown, fossil gas - natural gas, fossil liquids - fuel oil 195 subcritical 1965
Unit 9 operating coal - unknown, fossil gas - natural gas, fossil liquids - fuel oil 195 subcritical 1968
Unit 8 operating coal - unknown, fossil gas - natural gas, fossil liquids - fuel oil 195 subcritical 1968
Unit 7 operating coal - unknown, fossil gas - natural gas, fossil liquids - fuel oil 206 subcritical 1968
Unit 5 operating coal - unknown, fossil gas - natural gas, fossil liquids - fuel oil 215 subcritical 1967
Unit 3 operating coal - unknown, fossil gas - natural gas, fossil liquids - fuel oil 185 subcritical 1966
Unit 12 operating coal - unknown, fossil gas - natural gas, fossil liquids - fuel oil 195 subcritical 1969
Unit 11 operating coal - unknown, fossil gas - natural gas, fossil liquids - fuel oil 195 subcritical 1969
Unit 10 operating coal - unknown, fossil gas - natural gas, fossil liquids - fuel oil 210 subcritical 1969
Unit 6 operating coal - unknown, fossil gas - natural gas, fossil liquids - fuel oil 195 subcritical 1967
New Unit cancelled coal - bituminous 800 ultra-supercritical 2013
Unit 2 mothballed coal - unknown, fossil gas - natural gas, fossil liquids - fuel oil 185 subcritical 1965
Unit 4 operating coal - unknown, fossil gas - natural gas, fossil liquids - fuel oil 195 subcritical 1966

Table 3: Unit-level ownership and operator details

Unit name Owner
Unit 1 DTEK Energy BV [100.0%]
Unit 9 DTEK Energy BV [100.0%]
Unit 8 DTEK Energy BV [100.0%]
Unit 7 DTEK Energy BV [100.0%]
Unit 5 DTEK Energy BV [100.0%]
Unit 3 DTEK Energy BV [100.0%]
Unit 12 DTEK Energy BV [100.0%]
Unit 11 DTEK Energy BV [100.0%]
Unit 10 DTEK Energy BV [100.0%]
Unit 6 DTEK Energy BV [100.0%]
New Unit DTEK Energy BV [100.0%]
Unit 2 DTEK Energy BV [100.0%]
Unit 4 DTEK Energy BV [100.0%]

Project-level coal details

  • Coal source(s): Lviv Volyny coalfield

Background on existing plant

The Burshtyn TES (formerly Burshtyn GRES, renamed in 1996) was built from 1962 to 1969, consisting of 12 units of 185 MW - 195 MW each. It is owned by Zakhidenergo DTEK[1], which is part of DTEK Energy. DTEK Energy is owned by SCM (System Capital Management) Limited.[2]

The station uses gas and fuel oil as reserve fuel.[3]

The Burshtyn power station was disconnected from the national grid in 2002 to form the Burshtyn Energy Island, a separate grid that exists to export power to the EU nations of Hungary, Slovakia and Romania.[4] In early 2022 the plant ceased to operate in an island mode and connected part of its capacity to the national system.[5] On 16 March 2022, Ukraine joined the unified continental European electricity system ENTSO-E and completed an emergency synchronisation of its power grids with the ENTSO-E in response to Russia's invasion of Ukraine.[6]

In 2014 DTEK said it retrofitted unit 5 of Burshtyn to 208 MW,[7] and would start working on unit 10 in November.[8]

According to DTEK's website, as of May 2021, only Units 5, 6, and 10 had their capacity increased since 2014: Unit 5's capacity increased from 208 MW to 215 MW; Unit 6 from 185 MW to 195 MW; and Unit 10 from 195 to 210 MW. At this time, Units 1 and 2 had been mothballed, leaving the power station with 1,986 MW of total capacity.[3]

In February 2022 (but prior to Russia's invasion), 8 out of 12 units were operating; two were under repairs, one was mothballed, and the other kept in reserve, but it was unclear which specific units this was referring to.[9]

Proposed new units

In 2013 the U.S. Trade and Development Agency (USTDA) provided a grant in the amount of US$602,435 to DTEK to fund a feasibility study on "modernizing" the Burshtynskaya Power Plant. DTEK plans to develop one or more units totalling 800 MW of new capacity. The units may be ultra-supercritical, supercritical, and circulating fluidized bed, with the "sizes of individual units dependent on multiple factors."[10]

According to the National Ecological Centre of Ukraine, only seven units on average have operated at Burshtyn since 2008, therefore the proposed retrofit may not clean up old units, but instead bring units that are not currently operating back online.[11] Alternatively, an entirely new 800 MW ultra-supercritical unit might be built.[10][12]

After public pressure the 800 MW unit was put on hold by USTDA in July 2013. On August 1, 2013, DTEK’s director for generation Serhiy Tazin resigned.[13]

As of March 2016 plans for a new 800 MW unit appeared to be abandoned, although the project was included in "The plan for development of United Energy System of Ukraine for 2015-2024."[14] The new 800 MW unit was not mentioned on the DTEK website as of January 2022.[3]

Accidents

According to Wikipedia, because its units are frequently stopped and started, the Burshtyn power station experiences a much higher than normal rate of accidents.[15] In the first seven months of 2021, there were 29 emergencies at the Burshtyn power station that required a stoppage of energy production.[16]

In November 2021, the State Inspectorate for Energy Supervision conducted an inspection of the Burshtyn power station, which found 11 violations of technological regulations.[17] From 2019 to 2021, there were five accidents at the power station that caused injuries to workers, and two workers died during that period as a result of accidents.[18]

One of those accidents happened in early November, when a spill occurred at the power station.[19] Despite DTEK preventing journalists from inspecting the site of the accident, using a quadcopter, they were able to capture aerial images of a large spill of black liquid, covering approximately 10 hectares. Experts who watched the video said that it appeared to be a rupture of the ash and slag pipeline, which had been allowed to leak for approximately 10 hours. Later analysis of the leaked fluid found it to be laced with arsenic. Despite its toxic nature, DTEK pumped the liquid back into the Burshtyn Reservoir, from which it flowed into local waterways.[20] DTEK also prevented the State Ecological Inspectorate of Ukraine from inspecting the spill, for which it was fined 785 UAH (approximately US$30).[19]

Several weeks later, on the night of November 28, 2021, a pipe at the Burshtyn power station ruptured, causing severe burns to four workers, who were hospitalized;[21] one of the workers ultimately died from their injuries.[22] A few hours later, a separate fire broke out at the power station. As a result of these incidents, the State Labor Division opened up an investigation into the power station.[23] And on December 1, 2021, the director of the power station resigned.[24]

Environmental Impact

According to Wikipedia, the Burshtyn power station has an extremely negative impact on the surrounding environment. For example, coal ash from the power station was found to blanket the area within a 30 kilometer radius of the power station. In part due to the coal-fired power station, in 2009, Burshtyn had the third worst air quality of any city in Ukraine.[15] In 2019, the Burshtynskaya power station was found to be the third worst polluting entity in Ukraine, and released more pollutants than any other power station.[25]

War in Ukraine

In October 2022, a Russian news report stated that the plant was damaged by Russian rocket strikes, on October 10th and then on October 19th. This lead to fires which took several hours to extinguish. A Russian news report stated that the critical objects were destroyed and it will take a long time to restore. However all users were later connected to power.[26]

A report from April 2023 stated that the plant has been subject to Russian rocket attacks 5 times over the heating season 2022/2023 (it appears that those all took place in October 2022), causing damage of millions of dollars. According to Vadym Simakov, director of the plant, Russian rockets damaged transformers, turbines, chimneys, switches, automation, measuring devices and cable products. Despite the damaged equipment, Burshtyn power plant was able to complete the most difficult heating season.[27] The plant also helped the energy system to manoeuvre and maintain stability throughout the period.[28]

As of December 2022 and June 2023, it was not known exactly which units remained in operation.

Articles and Resources

References

  1. "Energy in Action," DETK Annual Report 2012, p. 75
  2. "SCM Limited". www.scm.com.cy. Retrieved January 2023. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |access-date= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 ДТЕК БУРШТИНСЬКА ТЕС, DTEK, Accessed January 2022
  4. "Ukranian coal plant 'facelift' actually means more pollution," Compass,
  5. "Ринат помог. Бурштынская ТЭС вышла из энергоострова и переключила два блока для поддержки украинской энергетики". biz.nv.ua. January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. "Continental Europe successful synchronisation with Ukraine and Moldova power systems". https://www.entsoe.eu/. March 16, 2022. {{cite web}}: External link in |website= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. "Integrated Report," DTEK Annual Report 2014, p. 92
  8. "DTEK Zakhidenergo to pay the state 43.3 million hryvnias in dividends," DTEK, Apr 25, 2014.
  9. "Сколько энергоблоков теплоэлектростанций Украины запущены в работу". ru.slovoidilo.ua. Feb 21, 2022. Retrieved Jun 27, 2022.
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Request for proposals: Feasibility study of Burshtyn power station modernization," USTDA, 2013.
  11. "Overview of project for new unit at Burstyn TPP," National Ecological Centre of Ukraine, June 2013.
  12. "Ukranian coal projects considered by energy community," National Ecological Centre of Ukraine, April 2013.
  13. "Ukraine 2013: Coal profile," National Ecological Centre of Ukraine, January 2014
  14. "План розвитку Об’єднаної енергетичної системи України на наступні десять років," Ukrenergo, 2015, p 12
  15. 15.0 15.1 Бурштинська ТЕС, Wikipedia (Ukrainian), Accessed January 2022
  16. Аварійних зупинок на ТЕС Західенерго побільшало у рази: Держенергонагляд назвав 10 тривожних причин, Daily Lyiv, Sep. 7, 2021
  17. На Бурштинській ТЕС Ахметова виявили 11 порушень на енергоблоках. У ДТЕК відповіли, Liga, Dec. 7, 2021
  18. Бурштинська ТЕС: п’ять аварій з двома загиблими впродовж трьох років, Suspilne Media, Nov. 30, 2021
  19. 19.0 19.1 Кліматичні активісти вимагають відставки міністра Галущенка, Ecotown, Dec. 10, 2021
  20. На ТЕС Ахметова трапилась масштабна аварія, але ДТЕК не пустив перевірку – розслідування ЦПК і «Схем», Radio Svoboda, Dec. 2, 2021
  21. На Бурштинській ТЕС сталися дві аварії, є четверо постраждалих, Economic Truth, Nov. 29, 2021
  22. Вибух на Бурштинській ТЕС став смертельним: помер у лікарні обпечений працівник, TSN, Dec. 5, 2021
  23. Бурштинську ТЕС перевірятиме комісія Держпраці, Suspline Media, Nov. 29, 2021
  24. Директор Бурштинської ТЕС пішов з посади, Suspilne Media, Dec. 3, 2021
  25. Бурштинська ТЕС увійшла у Топ-3 найбільших забруднювачів повітря, Varianty, September 9, 2019
  26. "В Ивано-Франковской области заявили о серьезном повреждении объектов Бурштынской ТЭС". tass.ru. October 20, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  27. "Бурштинська ТЕС за опалювальний сезон зазнала понад п'ять ракетних ударів". www.ukrinform.ua/. April 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  28. "На Бурштинській ТЕС розповіли деталі про ракетні обстріли росії (ФОТО)". galka.if.ua. April 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

Additional data

To access additional data, including an interactive map of coal-fired power stations, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Plant Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.