Cam Pha power station

From Global Energy Monitor

The Cẩm Phả power station is a 680-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station in Vietnam.


The undated satellite photo below shows the plant, which is in Cửa Ông commune, Cẩm Phả district, Quảng Ninh province.

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Initially conceptualized as a 260 MW plant,[1] the first phase was upgraded to comprise to a 600MW generating plant comprising two 300MW boilers. The project is owned by the Cẩm Phả Thermal-power Joint-Stock Company, with Vinacomin having a 51% interest.[2] Construction began in 2006, and was completed in Sept. 2011.[3]

The project is designed to use coal dust and slurry coal as fuel, with a news report stating that the first phase would consume approximately 1 million tons of coal per year from Cửa Ông Coal Company. The total cost of the first phase was estimated at US$349 million. The Haerbin Power Project Co. Ltd. from China was awarded a $265 million construction contract for part of the project. Electricity of Vietnam, a government owned electricity utility, has signed a contract to buy the Cẩm Phả plant's output for 25 years.[2]

In November 2016, a major fire caused serious damage to the plant. No injuries were reported.[4][5]

Description of Expansion and Opposition

In November 2015, it was reported that the company plans to add a third unit of 400 MW.[6] According to the 2016 Revised Power Development Plan VII, the expansion will be 2 x 220 MW.[7]

The November 2016 fire at the existing units may push plans for Phase III back, since Vinacomin must now repair those existing units.

In June 2019 the location for the expansion was listed as to-be-determined in the Ministry Of Industry And Trade's report on the implementation of the revised seventh Power Development Plan (PDP7).[8]

According to GreenID a gas plant has been proposed instead of Cam Pha Phase III.[9] With no progress in more than four years the Cam Pha Phase III coal plant appeard to be cancelled.


Local residents are reportedly not pleased with the prospect of a third phase at Cam Pha, due to the fact that "Mong Duong Ward is always covered in dust and smoke generated by the power plants" and that "Thousands of households in Cam Thinh Ward have lived in bad conditions for many years." According to Nguyen Trong Minh, chair of Cam Pha City People’s Council, the slag dumping ground in Cam Pha is full, causing Vinacomin to begin dumping in Van Don island district. “We breathe the seriously polluted air every day and we are surrounded by mining sites, thermal power plants and cement plants from all sides,” he said.[6] A June 2019 article in Baomoi cited complaints of nearby residents about the constant noise and dust from the plant, and the fact that ash from the plant is contaminating nearby beaches.[10]

Project Details

  • Sponsor: Vinacomin (Vietnam National Coal and Mineral Industries Group)
  • Parent company:
  • Location: Cửa Ông commune, Cẩm Phả district, Quảng Ninh province, Vietnam
  • Coordinates: Cam Pha power station: 21.008172, 107.358091 (exact); Cam Pha Phase III: 21.046, 107.357 (exact)[11]
  • Status: Phases 1-2: Operating (2011), Phase 3: Cancelled
  • Gross Capacity: Phases 1 and 2: 680 MW (2 x 340 MW)[12]; Phase 3: 440 MW (2 x 220 MW)[7]
  • Type: Circulating fluidized bed (CFB)[12]
  • In service: Units 1 and 2: 2011[12]; Units 3 and 4: 2020[7]
  • Coal Type: anthracite, culm[12]
  • Coal Source: Cửa Ông Coal Company, Vietnam
  • Source of financing: China ExIm Bank supplied loans for 85% of the EPC contract value[12]

Articles and resources


  1. "Coal-Fired Plants Financed by International Public Investment Institutions Since 1994", Appendix to Foreclosing the Future: Coal, Climate and International Public Finance: Investment in coal-fired power plants hinders the fight against global warming, Environmental Defense, April 2009.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Construction of Cam Pha Thermal-power Plant starts", April 17, 2006.
  3. Cam Pha Thermo Power Plant No 1&2 Officially Handed Over, Business Times, Sept. 17, 2011.
  4. Cháy lớn tại nhà máy nhiệt điện Cẩm Phả, Nguoi Lao Dong, 22 Nov. 2016.
  5. Nhà máy điện 500 triệu đô vẫn tê liệt sau sự cố, Bao Dat Viet, 11 Dec. 2016.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Vinacomin plans to build another thermal power plant," VietnamNet, November 27, 2015
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 DANH MỤC CÁC DỰ ÁN NGUỒN ĐIỆN VÀO VẬN HÀNH GIAI ĐOẠN 2016 - 2030, Ban hành kèm theo Quyết định số 428/QĐ-TTg ngày 18 tháng 3 năm 2016 của Thủ tướng Chính phủ (LIST OF POWER PROJECT IN OPERATION PERIOD 2016 - 2030, Issued together with Decision No. 428 / QD - TTg of March 18, 2016 by the Prime Minister)
  8. Implementation of Power Projects in the Revised Power Development Plan 7, Ministry of Industry and Trade, Republic of Vietnam, Jun. 4, 2019
  9. Communication with GreenID, June 2020
  10. Người dân Quảng Ninh 'than trời' vì bụi, tiếng ồn từ Nhà máy nhiệt điện Cẩm Phả, Baomoi, Jun. 25, 2019
  11. Communication with GreenID, May 2020
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 "Coal-Fired Power Plants in Vietnam," Power Plants Around the World, accessed May 2016

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